Le clans des mouettes

ainsi est la force.
 
AccueilAccueil  FAQFAQ  RechercherRechercher  S'enregistrerS'enregistrer  MembresMembres  GroupesGroupes  Connexion  

Partagez | 
 

 SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON

Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Aller en bas 
AuteurMessage
yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 7495
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   Jeu 7 Sep à 2:44

Burke's Law (1963-1966)
une série de Ivan Goff, Frank D. Gilroy et Ernest Kinoy

Burke's Law, a Four Star-Barbety Production, depicted the crime-solving adventures of dashing, debonair swinger Amos Burke (Gene Barry), an L.A.P.D. homicide captain who just happened to also be a millionaire. Each week, Burke (a suave, and very eligible, womanizing bachelor) would be faced with a mysterious murder case involving an assortment of colorful suspects (each portrayed by a special guest star, often cast "against type" and getting a chance to ham shamelessly). Burke, upon receiving the inevitable call to the crime scene, usually gave a terse "When? Where? I'm on my way"; then, forsaking his mansion and "date du jour", he would be transported in style by Henry (Leon Lontoc), his Philippine chauffeur/valet/chef/butler. Burke was aided in his investigations by brash young Detective Tim Tilson (Gary Conway), who was usually trying to outshine his boss, and gruff veteran Detective Sergeant Les Hart (Regis Toomey), Burke's long-time friend, with an occasional assist from

Infos de la série
Série terminée

Burke's Law, a Four Star-Barbety Production, depicted the crime-solving adventures of dashing, debonair swinger Amos Burke (Gene Barry), an L.A.P.D. homicide captain who just happened to also be a millionaire. Each week, Burke (a suave, and very eligible, womanizing bachelor) would be faced with a mysterious murder case involving an assortment of colorful suspects (each portrayed by a special guest star, often cast "against type" and getting a chance to ham shamelessly). Burke, upon receiving the inevitable call to the crime scene, usually gave a terse "When? Where? I'm on my way"; then, forsaking his mansion and "date du jour", he would be transported in style by Henry (Leon Lontoc), his Philippine chauffeur/valet/chef/butler. Burke was aided in his investigations by brash young Detective Tim Tilson (Gary Conway), who was usually trying to outshine his boss, and gruff veteran Detective Sergeant Les Hart (Regis Toomey), Burke's long-time friend, with an occasional assist from

Infos de la série
Série terminée

États-Unis - 3 saisons, 81 épisodes - Série dramatique
Date de première diffusion : 20 septembre 1963
Casting
Gene Barry
Regis Toomey
Leon Lontoc
Gary Conway
Michael Fox
Bever-Leigh Banfield
Dom DeLuise
Mark Robertson

Gene Barry est un acteur et producteur de cinéma américain,
né le 14 juin 1919 à New York, État de New York (États-Unis)
et mort à Woodland Hills (Californie) le 9 décembre 2009.

Biographie

Il est né Eugene Klass en 1919, sa mère s'appelle Eva (née Conn)
et son père s'appelle Martin Klass, ses grands-parents sont
des immigrants juifs de Russie.

Il a grandi à Brooklyn. Il a étudié le violon au Chatham Square
School of Music.

À l'âge de 25 ans, il se marie le 22 octobre 1944,
avec Julie Carson, ils auront deux enfants
et adopteront une fille.

Il choisit son nom de scène en l'honneur de John Barrymore.
En 1951, il joue son premier rôle, le "Dr Frank Addison" dans The Atomic City.
Dès l'année suivante, il interprète son film le plus célèbre,
La Guerre des mondes de Byron Haskin -
il paraîtra d'ailleurs également dans l'adaptation de 2005.
Mais c'est la télévision qui lui assure une gloire durable
(L'Homme à la Rolls).

Gene Barry reçoit son étoile Hollywood Boulevard, Hollywood Walk
of Fame au 6555 Hollywood Boulevard, en 1994.

Il meurt le 9 décembre 2009, à Woodland Hills.

Cinéma

1952 : Le Vol du secret de l'atome (The Atomic City) de Jerry Hopper : Dr Frank Addison
1953 : The Girls of Pleasure Island (en) d'Alvin Ganzer et F. Hugh Herbert : Capt. Beaton
1953 : La Guerre des mondes (The War of the Worlds) de Byron Haskin : Dr Clayton Forrester
1953 : Those Redheads from Seattle de Lewis R. Foster : Johnny Kisco
1954 : Alaska Seas (en) de Jerry Hopper : Verne Williams
1954 : Jarretières rouges (Red Garters) de George Marshall : Rafael Moreno
1954 : Alibi meurtrier (Naked Alibi) de Jerry Hopper : Al Willis
1955 : Le Rendez-vous de Hong-Kong (Soldier of Fortune) d'Edward Dmytryk : Louis Hoyt
1955 : Le Cavalier au masque (The Purple Mask) de H. Bruce Humberstone : Capt. Charles Laverne
1956 : The Houston Story (en) de William Castle : Frank Duncan
1956 : Les Échappés du néant (Back from Eternity), de John Farrow : Jud Ellis
1957 : Quarante tueurs (Forty Guns) de Samuel Fuller : Wes Bonnell
1957 : Porte de Chine (China Gate), de Samuel Fuller : Sgt. Brock
1957 : The 27th Day (en) de William Asher : Jonathan Clark
1958 : Hong Kong Confidential (en) : Agent Casey Reed
1958 : Thunder Road : Troy Barrett, agent du trésor
1967 : Maroc 7 (en) : Simon Grant
1969 : Subterfuge (en) : Donovan
1974 : The Second Coming of Suzanne (en) : Jackson Sinclair, le commentateur TV
1979 : La Secte de l'enfer (Guyana: Crime of the Century) : Lee O'Brien
2005 : La Guerre des mondes (War of the Worlds) : Le grand-père

Télévision

1953 : Hallmark Hall of Fame (en) (Série) : John Fremont
1955 : Alfred Hitchcock présente (Série) : Dan Varrel / Dell Delaney
1955 : The Millionaire (Série) : Steve Carey
1955-1956 : Our Miss Brooks (en) (Série) : Gene Talbot
1955-1956 : The Ford Television Theatre (en) (Série) : Bill Hannagan / John Thatcher / Carp
1957 : Playhouse 90 (Série) : Lt. Roy Kealton
1957 : Target (Série) : Dr Robert Marriat
1958-1961 : Bat Masterson (Série) : William Barclay Masterson
1959 : Adventure Showcase (Série) : Sergent Andy Pike
1962 : The Dick Powell Show (en) (Série) : Robert Thatcher
1963 : Suspicion (The Alfred Hitchcock Hour) (Série) : John Chambers / Oncle George
1963-1966 : L'Homme à la Rolls (Burke's Law) (Série) : Capt. Amos Burke
1968 : Columbo : Inculpé de meurtre (Prescription: Murder) (Pilote no 1) : Dr Ray Flemming
1968 : Istanbul Express (Téléfilm) : Michael London
1968-1971 : Les Règles du jeu (en) (The Name of the Game) (Série) : Glenn Howard
1970 : The Red Skelton Show (Série) : Paul
1971 : The Devil and Miss Sarah (Téléfilm) : Gil Turner
1971 : Prenez mon nom, ma femme, mon héritage (Do You Take This Stranger?) (Téléfilm) : Murray Jarvis
1972-1973 : L'aventurier (The Adventurer) (Série) : Gene Bradley
1977 : The Feather and Feather Gang (Série) : Generalis
1977 : Aspen (Série) : Carl Osborne
1977 : Ransom for Alice (Téléfilm) : Harry Darew
1977 et 1981 : Drôles de dames (Charlie's Angels) (Série) : Steve Moss / Frank Jason
1978-1979 : Greatest Heroes of the Bible (Série) : Abraham
1978 et 1981 : L'île fantastique (Fantasy Island) (Série) : Dex Dexter / Jim Brady / Neville Quinn
1978, 1981 et 1982 : La croisière s'amuse (The Love Boat) (Série) : Alfred Newberry / Wade / Ted Anderson
1980 : Cri d'amour (A Cry for Love) (Téléfilm) : Gordon Harris
1981 : The Adventures of Nellie Bly (Téléfilm) : John Cockerill
1981 : The Girl, the Gold Watch & Dynamite (en) (Téléfilm) : Andrew Stovall
1986 : Harry Fox, le vieux renard (en) (Crazy Like a Fox) (Série) : Nicholas Roland
1987 : Shell Game (Série) : Jason Starr
1987 : Perry Mason - L'affaire de l'amour perdu (Perry Mason: The Case of the Lost Love) (Téléfilm) : Glenn Robertson
1987 : La cinquième dimension (The Twilight Zone) (Série) : Le prince des ténèbres
1987 : Hôtel (Série) : Michael Casey
1989 : Le Cavalier solitaire (Paradise) (Série) : Bat Masterson
1989 : Arabesque (Murder She Wrote) (Série) : Henry Reynard
1989 : Ascenseur pour le passé (Turn Back the Clock) (Téléfilm) : John Forrest
1991 : The Gambler Returns: The Luck of the Draw (Téléfilm) : Bat Masterson
1994-1995 : L'Homme à la Rolls (Burke's Law) (Série) : Chef Amos Burke
2001 : Drôles de retrouvailles (These Old Broads) (Téléfilm) : M.. Stern

Producteur

1974 : The Second Coming of Suzanne (en)


Gary Conway
Acteur, scénariste

ECRIT DE
TAY LA CHOUETTE EFFRAIE
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://www.atelier-yannistignard.com En ligne
yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 7495
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   Jeu 7 Sep à 3:12

The Doors - The End (Apocalypse Now)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agwMwbmMNbk

La Nouvelle Droite‏ @NouvDroite 3 sept.
La ligne réformatrice et moderne défendue par @vpecresse au sein des LR est majoritaire chez les sympathisants #Mezenc2017 #LaBaule2017

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
En réponse à @NouvDroite @vpecresse
AU LIEU DE PUNIR, NOUS DEVONS FONDER. MALGRÉ SES PAROLES, ROMULUS ET REMUS SE SONT DISPUTÉS: L'OPPOSITION N'A PAS D'IMAGE SUR LA PENSÉE. TAY

En réponse à @NouvDroite @vpecresse
DÉFINITION, MADAME, LE CONTRE-PIED ET L'INTERPRÉTATION REPRENNENT LA COMPARAISON DE LA CONSCIENCE ET DE LA CONVICTION: LA CONVERSATION. TAY

------------------------

Laurent Wauquiez‏Compte certifié @laurentwauquiez 15 hil y a 15 heures
Personne chez LR ne veut faire d'alliance avec le FN. Je ne rentrerai jamais dans cette démarche. #19hruthelkrief #LaDroitederetour

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
En réponse à @laurentwauquiez
CHACUN A SES PRINCIPES ET PROPOS POUR DIRE QUE LE VOTE NE DÉFINI PAS L'IMAGE DE L'ÉLECTEUR: CHACUN PORTE UN ORIFLAMME EN SOI: SA RAISON. TAY

En réponse à @laurentwauquiez
UNE ALLIANCE NE PEUT SE FAIRE QUE SI IL Y A POSSIBILITÉ DE DIRIGER ET UNE CONVENANCE D'ÉTHIQUE DONC, JE NE PEUX GOUVERNER AVEC LE FN. TAY

En réponse à @laurentwauquiez
LE FRONT NATIONAL FUT RÉSUMÉ À UN CHEF, PUIS À UNE FAMILLE ET MAINTENANT, IL EST DEVENU UN ORGANE, CERTAINS DIRONT UN CANCER: IL EXISTE. TAY

MEDITATION:

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
DES IMPOSSIBILITÉ DE GOUVERNER, CELA MONTRE UNE INCAPACITÉ D'ÉCOUTE ET D'ÊTRE ALORS JE PARTICIPE AUX JOUTES VERBALES DE L'OPINION. TAY
ou
DES IMPOSSIBILITÉ DE GOUVERNER, CELA N'EST PAS UNE INCAPACITÉ D'ÉCOUTE ET D'ÊTRE ALORS JE PARTICIPE AUX JOUTES VERBALES DE L'OPINION. TAY

MAIS LES SITUATIONS DE SECOURISME, DE GUERRE ET D'ARCHITECTURE MONTRENT DE RÉELLE CAPACITÉ...

CITATION SUR LE PEUPLE ET LA PERSONNE...

ECRIT DU
CITOYEN TIGNARD YANIS

San Francisco - Scott McKenzie
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7I0vkKy504U
El Condor Pasa - Paul Simon & Garfunkel
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QqJvqMeaDtU






Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://www.atelier-yannistignard.com En ligne
yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 7495
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   Jeu 7 Sep à 3:19

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS 11 hil y a 11 heures
L'ASTROLABE EST UNE GRANDE SYMBOLIQUE POUR ENVOYER DES SECOURS AUX CARAÏBES CAR RÉVÉLANT LA RÉELLE GRAVITÉ DES SOINS À ENTREPRENDRE. TAY

L'ASTROLABE EST UN BRISE-GLACE DEVENU NAVIRE AMBULANCIER: POUR SURVIVRE TOUTES LES VICTIMES DE IRMA SONT COMME CE NAVIRE: DES ACTES. TAY

LES ROSEAUX ET LES CHÊNES, LES ROIS ET LES AIGLES EN LA CITOYENNETÉ HUMANITAIRE; L'OPÉRATION ASTROLABE RÉTABLIRA SOINS ET COMMUNICATION. TAY

IRMA: PENSÉE HUMAINE ET CHARITABLE EST D'ATTRIBUER DES RESSOURCES HUMAINES ET MORALE TELLE ANTIGONE LE FIT DURANT LA GUERRE DE THÈBES. TAY

IRMA: ANTIGONE EST LE CAPITAINE DE L'ASTROLABE ET NOUS DEVONS NOUS EMPLIR DE SA FORCE MORALE DURANT SON VOYAGE AVEC OEDIPE: LA FORCE. TAY

EN DES CATASTROPHES DE CE GENRE ARRIVENT; DES HÉROS ET LEURS CONSCIENCES NE PEUVENT QU'INSPIRER POUR RECONSTRUIRE: ANTIGONE ET ORPHÉE. TAY

IRMA: VOUS ME DEMANDEZ OÙ EST ESCULAPE, JE RÉPONDS QU'IL EST LÀ AUTOUR DE VOUS DANS L'ORGANISATION AVEC ORPHÉE ET ANTIGONE: ASTROLABE. TAY

COMME AUX U.S.A, DES APPELS AUX DONS POUR LES VICTIMES DE IRMA VONT SE FAIRE ENTENDRE PAR LES MÉDIAS; N'HÉSITEZ PAS: RENSEIGNEZ-VOUS. TAY

MASSE DE CARACTÈRE VIOLENTE AU LARGE DU MEXIQUE INDIQUER UNE OBSERVATION APPROFONDIE DE LA MASSE ATMOSPHÉRIQUE: IRMA; HARVEY ET YUCATAN. TAY

Nayarit_Mx‏ @Nayarit_Mx 14 hil y a 14 heures
A #Mexico también lo amenaza un #CiclonTropical llamado Katia y va a #Veracruz. #Precaución
http://www.nayaritenlinea.mx/2017/09/06/a-mexico-tambien-lo-amenaza-un-ciclon-se-llama-katia-y-va-a-veracruz?vid=98929https://twitter.com/Nayarit_Mx/status/905505881470763013/photo/1pic.twitter.com/gdb5sGjUqk

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS 11 hil y a 11 heures
HARVEY PUIS IRMA ET MAINTENANT KATIA, TOUT CELA DANS UNE ZONE GÉOGRAPHIQUE PROCHE, UNE ÉTUDE APPROFONDIE DE LA ZONE DOIT ÊTRE ÉVALUER. TAY

IRMA. CE GENRE DE PHÉNOMÈNE EST LIÉ À DES CYCLES POURTANT LEURS ÉVALUATIONS CHIMIQUES ET BIOLOGIQUES EST RÉELLE: SE RENDRE À L'ÉVIDENCE. TAY

L'OPÉRATION ASTROLABE SONT LES HABITANTS VICTIMES ET LES PREMIERS SUR LES LIEUX: ÉTHIQUES DE ANTIGONE ET D'ORPHÉE SONT PREMIERS SECOURS. TAY

LES VALEURS QUI ANIMENT LES SECOURISTES DE Y'BECCA DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE DE L'OLIVIER; L'HONNEUR DE ANTIGONE ET LA FORCE DE ORPHÉE: DOUZE. TAY

E.S.A SPACE AND EARTH INTERNATIONAL... REGARD SUR LA PLANÈTE.
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/Investing_in_industrial_innovation

WALL OF NOÏSE... LA TECHNIQUE ET LA DÉRIVÉE OU CYCLE DE MOUVEMENT DANS LA DISTANCE. LE VIDE ET L'AVENIR. L'ENFANT
http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2017/09/LEAF_wall

REGARDS ET ÉMOTIONS SUR LE VOYAGE ET LE SACRIFICE DE LA SONDE CASSINI EN CES GÉNÉRATIONS PRÉNOMMÉES L'HUMANITÉ. TAY
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens/Celebrating_Europe_s_science_highlights_with_Cassini

NASA JPL‏Compte certifié @NASAJPL 5 sept.
V’GER Mini Me: Download free plans to #3Dprint your own @NASAVoyager spacecraft model https://go.nasa.gov/2gv8Nbr  #Voyager40 #3D

Bright light! Bright light! @NASAJuno investigates what's powering #Jupiter's powerful and mysterious aurora: https://go.nasa.gov/2f3ndzB

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS 10 hil y a 10 heures
LA BIOLOGIE MOLÉCULAIRE ET LA VIE OU EXISTENCE ÉLECTRIQUE POUSSIÉREUSE: NUAGES. TAY. Big Auroras on Jupiter https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2007/29mar_bigauroras

LAISSONS LES JOUTES VERBALES AUX CHIFFRES ET AUX RAISONS, LAISSONS LES IDÉES CONSTRUIRENT DES BUDGETS ÉLECTORAUX MAIS LE PRIX DU BEURRE. TAY

NOUS NOUS SOMMES ACQUIS DANS LA CHARITÉ MAIS CERTAINS SE SONT AMUSÉS À FAIRE FORTUNE SUR LE PRIX DU BEURRE ET SUR LE TRAVAIL AGRICOLE. TAY
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://www.atelier-yannistignard.com En ligne
yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 7495
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   Jeu 7 Sep à 3:23

SOYEZ ANTIGONE ET SOYEZ ORPHÉE.
AU SUJET DE IRMA ET DE SES MORTS, IL EST DES CARACTÈRES DE HÉROS QUI PEUVENT NOUS RELIER À LA NATURE ET L'ESPÉRANCE DANS L'OBSERVATION ET LA VOLONTÉ DE DEMAIN EST AUJOURD'HUI: LE PERIPLE.
ECRIT DU CITOYEN TIGNARD YANIS.

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
EN DES CATASTROPHES DE CE GENRE ARRIVENT; DES HÉROS ET LEURS CONSCIENCES NE PEUVENT QU'INSPIRER POUR RECONSTRUIRE: ANTIGONE ET ORPHÉE. TAY

REGARDS ET PENSÉES POUR LE VOYAGE ET LE SACRIFICE DE LA SONDE CASSINI EN CES GÉNÉRATIONS PRÉNOMMÉES L'HUMANITÉ. HOMMAGE DU CITOYEN TIGNARD YANIS ET DES SECOURISTES DE Y'BECCA

The international Cassini­-Huygens mission has explored Saturn and its rings and moons for 13 years, and will conclude by plunging into the planet’s atmosphere next week. This article highlights some of the mission’s exciting discoveries led by European teams.

Skip to highlights on:
Titan
Enceladus
Saturn

Cassini is an international programme: a collaboration between NASA, ESA and Italy’s ASI space agency plus several separate European academic and industrial contributors. Nineteen nations contributed to building the spacecraft, and international science teams across the world have gained a better understanding of Saturn and its environment through the mission’s suite of 12 scientific instruments. Two of the instruments – the Cosmic Dust Analyser and the Magnetometer – are led by European principal investigator teams, but all teams are truly international. In total, 27 nations have participated in the mission.

Thousands of peer-reviewed academic publications have been generated, and about a third are led by a first author from an ESA Member/Cooperating State or ESA establishment – some of which are highlighted in this article. In addition, ESA provides support through its two sensitive, deep space tracking antennas at New Norcia, Western Australia, and Malargüe, Argentina, which played an important role during Cassini’s last months in orbit.

ESA’s Huygens probe
Cassini carried ESA’s Huygens probe to Saturn, where the probe detached and coasted for 20 days before descending to the planet’s largest moon Titan. Huygens touched down on Titan on 14 January 2005, becoming the first probe to land on a world in the outer Solar System.

It was equipped with six instruments, four led by European principal investigators and two US. The probe revealed the surprisingly Earth-like landscape below the moon’s dense and hazy nitrogen-rich atmosphere, its shorelines and river channels apparently carved by liquid methane, rather than water, given the –180ºC surface temperatures.

During its two-and-a-half-hour descent, Huygens profiled the moon’s atmosphere in terms of pressure, temperature and density, it measured super-rotating winds, and made in situ measurements of the chemical composition of haze particles. Huygens transmitted from the surface of Titan for another 72 minutes until Cassini disappeared over the horizon, but the data are still keeping scientists busy today.

Click here for detailed science highlights from the Huygens mission.
Lakes and seas on Titan

Cassini at Titan
Cassini continued to make discoveries at Titan during its 127 targeted close flybys – it also made many more distant flybys – covering all aspects of the moon from its internal structure to its hydrocarbon-rich surface, hazy atmosphere and beyond to its interaction with the solar wind.

Surface processes
Using the radar and Radio Science System, which includes the ASI-built high-gain antenna, Cassini revealed that more than 1.6 million sq km of Titan – almost 2% – are covered in liquid, including several large seas and numerous small lakes.

One study, led by Alice Le Gall at the Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux in France, found that one of the largest seas, Ligeia Mare, is filled with pure methane. A team led by Marco Mastrogiuseppe at Università La Sapienza, Rome, Italy, used radio sounding to determine that the depth of the sea was up to 160 m in places – the first detection of the bottom of an extraterrestrial sea. By looking at thermal emission they also determined that the seabed is covered by a layer of organic-rich sludge. While fresh methane rainfall likely contributes to the replenishment of the sea, insoluble heavier molecules such as nitriles and benzene are thought to sink to the floor to create the sludge.

Meanwhile, Thomas Cornet and colleagues at the Université de Nantes, France, detected ephemeral lakes – large, shallow depressions that sometimes fill with liquid, similar to those seen on Earth. Ontario Lacus is the largest lake in the southern hemisphere of Titan and its changing characteristics are thought to be due to subsurface hydrocarbon fluids occasionally welling up and flooding the depression, before then partially drying out again. Sediments around Ontario Lacus also indicated that the liquid level has been higher in the past.

Radar has also been used to analyse the changing dunes of Titan, which cover about 13% of its surface, stretching over 10 million sq km. Titan’s dunes, made of solid hydrocarbons that precipitate out of the atmosphere, are gigantic by Earthly standards: they are on average 1–2 km wide, hundreds of kilometres long and around 100 m high.

Alice Le Gall’s team found that their size and spacing vary across the surface, seemingly controlled by altitude and latitude. The main dune fields were found in lowland areas in equatorial regions, while those at higher elevations are narrower and more widely separated, indicating a thinner covering of sand.

In addition, the northern regions, home to the many lakes, likely has a greater soil moisture content, making sand particles less mobile. In general, the grains are shunted around by low-speed winds shifting over the moon’s surface in different directions throughout the year – which on Titan is equivalent to 30 Earth years – causing them to pile up in certain places over time.
Inside Titan

Subsurface ocean
Hints that Titan boasted a subsurface ocean already came from Huygens based on detections of electrical currents in the moon’s upper atmosphere. The unique pattern of radio signals suggested an ocean buried around 55-80 km depth, under an icy crust.

Using Cassini’s radio science system, Luciano Iess’ team at the Università La Sapienza in Rome studied the internal structure of Titan by the way in which the spacecraft was pulled off course by the moon as it flew by. The deviations in the velocity are detectable in the spacecraft’s radio signals received by ground stations, and provide a measurement of the gravity variations along the orbit. This can be translated into the distribution of mass inside the moon, and therefore provide constraints on its internal structure. Using this technique, the team also found tides on Titan that distort the surface by more than 10 m. The observation points to a liquid ocean – most likely water – swirling around below the surface. Models suggest that it may be up to 250 km deep beneath an ice shell some 50 km thick.

The presence of an ocean would also help to explain some aspects of Titan’s atmosphere, namely why it has so much methane, which given its naturally short lifetime must be replenished somehow. Since the reservoirs of methane in Titan’s surface hydrocarbon lakes are not enough to explain the large quantities in the atmosphere, an ocean could act as a deep reservoir. Understanding Titan’s hydrocarbon cycle, and how seasonal atmospheric processes are linked to the production of organic haze has provided a focus for many instrument teams.
Chemistry in Titan’s atmosphere

Organic haze
Scientists using the Cassini’s plasma spectrometer, CAPS, which is led by principal investigator Hunter Waite at the US Southwest Research Institute and with numerous co-investigators in Europe, have gradually honed in on the building blocks of the organic haze particles in Titan’s atmosphere.

Co-investigator Andrew Coates and his team at University College London’s Mullard Space Science Laboratory in the UK, which provided the instrument’s electron spectrometer, made the surprising observation of large negatively charged molecules in Titan’s upper atmosphere. Atoms and molecules there are ionised by solar ultraviolet radiation and by impacts of energetic particles that originate mainly from Saturn’s magnetosphere, breaking apart the nitrogen and methane. An abundance of positively charged molecules was to be expected, but not negatively charged ones, which are highly reactive and should not last long in Titan’s atmosphere before combining with other materials.

The initial discovery indicated that complex processes were involved in producing the haze particles, with the negative ions apparently playing a key role. Indeed, a recent study some 10 years after Cassini’s initial detection found linear carbon chain molecules around 1000 km above the moon’s surface that seed the larger organic molecules lower down.

Although no life has been detected on Titan, its atmosphere is thought to be similar to early Earth's before life developed, and thus can be seen as a planet-scale laboratory to understand the chemical reactions that may have led to life on Earth.
Vortex on Titan close up

Changing seasons
With Cassini’s Composite Infrared Spectrometer instrument, scientists led by Nick Teanby from the University of Bristol, UK, studied the rapid change in seasons on Saturn’s moon Titan, following equinox in August 2009, which saw the formation of a swirling vortex and a build up of exotic gases at unexpectedly high altitudes of about 400 km over the moon's south pole.

The formation of the vortex indicates the effect of the changing seasons on the circulation pattern in Titan’s atmosphere, specifically with cooler air sinking down from warmer, high altitudes. The changes occurred over a surprisingly short period of time: around six months, quick for a world with over seven-year long seasons.

Scientists led by Remco de Kok of Leiden Observatory and SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research used Cassini’s Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer data to determine that this giant polar vortex contains frozen particles of the toxic compound hydrogen cyanide, HCN, showing that the atmosphere must be as cold as –148ºC, consistent with the rapidly cooling atmosphere as the seasons changed.

Beyond Titan’s atmosphere
Using CAPS, and also Cassini's Langmuir Probe, which was provided by the Swedish Institute of Space Physics and is part of the US-led Cassini Radio and Plasma Wave Science (or RPWS) package, scientists could study Titan’s uppermost, ionised, atmospheric layers: its ionosphere. The ionisation of molecules by solar ultraviolet light and impacts of energetic particles from Saturn’s magnetosphere not only lead to the production of the complex organic chemistry, but also create a loss of atmospheric constituents.

From the first flybys, the Langmuir probe could see that conditions in Saturn’s magnetosphere affect the structure and dynamics of Titan's ionosphere. Saturn and its magnetosphere rotate together with a period of nearly 11 hours, as inferred from radio measurements. At the distance of Titan, some 20 Saturn radii, the moon spends about 95% of its time inside the magnetosphere, a situation that causes a plasma flow that sweeps by Titan, eroding the upper layers of its atmosphere. About seven tonnes per day of Titan’s atmosphere were found to be escaping on average dominated by heavy ions – a significant loss over billions of years.

The Cassini magnetometer, led by principal investigator Michele Dougherty at Imperial College London, determined that Titan does not have its own intrinsic magnetic field, and also contributed to studies of Titan’s interaction with the outer fringes of Saturn’s magnetosphere.

Combined analysis of the magnetometer data with those from the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer and the Radio and Plasma Wave Spectrometer showed that when Titan is temporarily outside of Saturn’s magnetosphere, its atmosphere retains a memory of the magnetic field of the plasma that surrounds Saturn. When Titan was directly exposed to the solar wind the magnetometer team found that Titan behaves much like other unmagnetised bodies, such as Venus or Mars, with the solar wind draped around the moon’s atmosphere. Studying this effect helps us to understand processes associated with atmospheric loss over time.
Enceladus plumes

Enceladus
The magnetometer also made important discoveries at Saturn’s icy moons, including a first hint at one of the greatest finds of the entire mission: that Enceladus was hiding a liquid water ocean below the frozen surface of its icy crust.

During the first flyby of Enceladus, the magnetometer saw Saturn’s magnetic field bending around the south pole of Enceladus in a shape that wasn’t symmetrical. This turned out to be the first detection of the plume that sprays from the moon's internal ocean, with other instruments later confirming with spectacular images and with the composition of the grains being ejected in the plume.
Hydrothermal activity on Enceladus

The Cosmic Dust Analyser (CDA), led by Ralf Srama of the University of Stuttgart in Germany, directly sampled the particles ejected by Enceladus. Particles in Saturn’s E-ring, which is fed by Enceladus, were found to show a high abundance of salts and minerals that could originate from a reservoir of liquid water.

Luciano Iess’ radio science investigations indeed confirmed the presence of an underground sea, with the ice shell thought to overly liquid water at a depth of around 30–40 km in the southern hemisphere. While the gravity data could not rule out a global ocean, a regional sea extending from the south pole to 50ºS latitude appeared most consistent with the moon’s topography and high local temperatures observed around the fractures (called “tiger stripes”), from which the plumes are seen to originate.

Furthermore, in situ measurements of the plumes, and detections of tiny silicate-rich particles, showed that there was likely hydrothermal activity occurring on the sea floor. The silicate-rich particles are believed to originate where hot water dissolves minerals from the moon’s rocky interior, which could take place at hydrothermal vents.

More recent analysis of data collected with Cassini's Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer revealed hydrogen gas in the plume, again pointing to the reaction of rocks with hot water, continuing to build the case for the potential habitability of Enceladus’ underground ocean.
Spying Saturn’s moonlets
Spying Saturn’s moonlets

Saturn and its rings and moons
Awe-inspiring images of Saturn’s rings have marveled many viewers at their beauty. For one team led by Carl Murray at the University of London, the F ring and its many perplexing features has been their focus. The narrow and contorted ring is intimately linked to moons Prometheus and Pandora, which weave towards and away from the ring, drawing out structures in the ring material. The team also discovered that some of the small, rogue fragments occasionally crash through the core of the F ring, dragging out ice particles with them to form long streamers.

The F ring is not the only ring controlled by a moon. Enceladus feeds Saturn’s wide, diffuse E ring with icy water particles, which stretches from the orbit of the moon Mimas to beyond that of Titan, according to Cosmic Dust Analyser data. Enceladus is also a major source of ionised material filling the huge magnetic bubble around Saturn – the magnetosphere. It ejects about 100 kg of water into space every second. One of the plasma spectrometer’s major discoveries was that most of the ions in the Saturn system come from water ejected by Saturn’s moon Enceladus. When exposed to the magnetosphere and ultraviolet sunlight in space, the ejected particles become ionised, meaning they acquire an electric charge. But where do all the water-ions go? Using the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer and the magnetometer, Chris Arridge and colleagues at Lancaster University, UK, found the first direct evidence for explosive releases of energy in the magnetosphere, such that this process of ‘magnetic reconnection’ allows plasma to escape. During the grand finale orbits, Cassini’s spectrometer will try to determine if some of this plasma is lost to Saturn’s upper atmosphere.

The plasma spectrometer’s electron sensor also revealed that Enceladus is linked to Saturn by powerful electric currents. The motion of Enceladus and its ionosphere through Saturn’s magnetosphere acts like a dynamo, setting up an electrical current, and creating an auroral footprint on Saturn. The same process had already been seen between Jupiter and three of its moons.

Meanwhile, small moons Methone and Anthe, both discovered in Cassini images between the orbits of Mimas and Enceladus, were found to be linked to two peculiar breaks in the near-constant rain of high-energy electrons that bombard Cassini when it is near Saturn. Using Cassini's Low Energy Magnetospheric Measurement System, a part of the Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument, Elias Roussos from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany reported that the gaping holes fell along the orbits of the then-newly discovered moons.

The moons’ dusty surfaces are not only thought to absorb a proportion of the high-energy particles, but their surfaces are also losing dust through micrometeorite impacts, building up significant arcs of material along their orbits, creating near-invisible partial rings.

Roussos and colleagues also discovered a transient radiation belt at Saturn with the same instrument, near the orbit of moons Dione and Tethys. It was observed as sudden increases in the intensity of high-energy charged particles in the inner part of Saturn’s magnetosphere, and likely was caused by a change in the intensities of cosmic rays at Saturn arising from solar storms reaching the planet. The belt was detected for only a few weeks after each of its appearances, suggesting that the charged particles were absorbed by the moons. At the same time, the inner radiation belts were clearly separated by a permanent radiation gap along the orbit of moon Tethys, which apparently shields these belts from solar wind influences. Instead, those radiation belts probably arise from the interaction of the planet’s main rings and atmosphere with galactic cosmic ray particles that, unlike the solar wind, have the very high energies needed to penetrate the innermost Saturnian magnetosphere.
Tethys

Beyond Saturn
Studying how Saturn’s vast magnetosphere interacts with the solar wind was an important aspect of Cassini’s studies. During a chance encounter with an unusually strong blast of solar wind arriving at Saturn, the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer and Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument detected particles being accelerated to ultra-high energies, and one of the strongest shocks ever encountered at Saturn. The scenario mimicked the kinds of accelerations that occur in supernova remnants, the death cries of dying stars, giving scientists the capability of studying the nature of a supernova shock in situ in our own Solar System and bridging the gap to distant high-energy astrophysical phenomena that are usually only studied remotely.

The Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument was also used to determine the shape of our Solar System’s heliosphere – the magnetic bubble created by the solar wind. It was previously thought to be comet-shaped, with a head pointed into the stream of the interstellar medium and a tail flowing downstream, but the Cassini data suggested it was more spherical, controlled by the interstellar magnetic field that it passes through.

A team led by ESA’s Cassini project scientist Nicolas Altobelli used the Cosmic Dust Analyser (CDA) to sample interstellar dust grains originating from outside of our Solar System. While most of the particles collected by the CDA originated from Enceladus, a handful stood out in their high speed and direction of impact. They could be traced back to the local interstellar cloud: an almost empty bubble of gas and dust our Solar System is travelling through with a distinct direction and speed.

The CDA also measured fast silicate-rich particles escaping Saturn’s environment. A stream of nanometer-sized silicate particles, originating from Saturn and travelling at very high speed (hundreds of km/s) was discovered as Cassini was arriving at Saturn.  This particle population and the acceleration mechanism, linked to the rotating magnetic field of the planet, were known to exist at Jupiter – Cassini showed that the same physics are at play at Saturn.
Internal structure of Saturn

Science until the end
Cassini's science instruments will continue returning unique data until the very end. Since 22 April 2017, Cassini has been making weekly dives between Saturn’s upper atmosphere and its innermost rings, collecting unprecedented data in this previously unexplored region, including the first in situ measurements in this environment.

While crossing the ring plane, the CDA has been directly sampling the composition of dust particles from different parts of the ring system. With its radio science investigation, Cassini can measure Saturn’s gravitational field as close as 3000 km from the upper cloud layers, greatly improving the current models of the planet’s internal structure, its rotation, and winds in its atmosphere.

Scientists expect the new data will also allow them to disentangle the gravity of the planet from the tiny pull exerted on the spacecraft by the rings, estimating the total mass of the rings to unprecedented accuracy. ESA ground stations in Argentina and Australia helped to receive Cassini's radio science data, providing a series of 22 tracking passes during the grand finale.

The grand finale orbits are also probing the planet’s magnetic field at close distances. Previous observations have shown that the magnetic field is weaker than expected, with the magnetic axis surprisingly well aligned with the planet’s rotation. New data to be collected by the Cassini magnetometer will provide insights to understand why this is so and where the sources of magnetic field are located, or whether something in Saturn’s atmosphere has been obscuring the true magnetic field from Cassini until now.

Over the last five weeks, Cassini’s orbits have dipped it into the upper atmosphere of the planet. One last distant flyby of Titan on 11 September will set the spacecraft on its final trajectory, adjusting its orbit to send it plunging into the planet’s atmosphere. Eight instruments (CDA, CIRS, INMS, MAG, MIMI, RPWS, RSS and UVIS) will collect data during the final plunge, transmitting it back to Earth in near-real time. Cassini will no doubt surprise scientists with more of Saturn’s hidden secrets right up until the very end of its pioneering mission.

For more about the grand finale, see: https://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/grandfinale

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
LAISSONS LES JOUTES VERBALES AUX CHIFFRES ET AUX RAISONS, LAISSONS LES IDÉES CONSTRUIRENT DES BUDGETS ÉLECTORAUX MAIS LE PRIX DU BEURRE. TAY

NOUS NOUS SOMMES ACQUIS DANS LA CHARITÉ MAIS CERTAINS SE SONT AMUSÉS À FAIRE FORTUNE SUR LE PRIX DU BEURRE ET SUR LE TRAVAIL AGRICOLE. TAY
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://www.atelier-yannistignard.com En ligne
yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 7495
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   Jeu 7 Sep à 3:29

SOYEZ ANTIGONE ET SOYEZ ORPHÉE.
AU SUJET DE IRMA ET DE SES MORTS, IL EST DES CARACTÈRES DE HÉROS QUI PEUVENT NOUS RELIER À LA NATURE ET L'ESPÉRANCE DANS L'OBSERVATION ET LA VOLONTÉ DE DEMAIN EST AUJOURD'HUI: LE PERIPLE.
ECRIT DU CITOYEN TIGNARD YANIS.

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
EN DES CATASTROPHES DE CE GENRE ARRIVENT; DES HÉROS ET LEURS CONSCIENCES NE PEUVENT QU'INSPIRER POUR RECONSTRUIRE: ANTIGONE ET ORPHÉE. TAY

LA BIOLOGIE MOLÉCULAIRE ET LA VIE OU LES PAPILLONS IONIQUES DE L'ATOME: UNE EXISTENCE ÉLECTRIQUE POUSSIÉREUSE ?... AFFIRMATION ! ECRIT DU CITOYEN TIGNARD YANIS.

Scientists on NASA's Juno mission have observed massive amounts
of energy swirling over Jupiter's polar regions that contribute
to the giant planet's powerful auroras - only not in ways
the researchers expected.

Examining data collected by the ultraviolet spectrograph
and energetic-particle detector instruments aboard
the Jupiter-orbiting Juno spacecraft, a team led by
Barry Mauk of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, observed signatures
of powerful electric potentials, aligned with
Jupiter's magnetic field, that accelerate electrons
toward the Jovian atmosphere at energies up
to 400,000 electron volts. This is 10 to 30 times higher
than the largest auroral potentials observed at Earth,
where only several thousands of volts are typically needed
to generate the most intense auroras -- known as
discrete auroras -- the dazzling, twisting, snake-like
northern and southern lights seen in places like Alaska
and Canada, northern Europe, and many other northern
and southern polar regions.

Jupiter has the most powerful auroras in the solar system,
so the team was not surprised that electric potentials play
a role in their generation. What's puzzling the researchers,
Mauk said, is that despite the magnitudes of these potentials
at Jupiter, they are observed only sometimes and are not
the source of the most intense auroras, as they are
at Earth.

"At Jupiter, the brightest auroras are caused by some kind
of turbulent acceleration process that we do not understand
very well," said Mauk, who leads the investigation team
for the APL-built Jupiter Energetic Particle Detector Instrument (JEDI).
"There are hints in our latest data indicating that as the power density
of the auroral generation becomes stronger and stronger,
the process becomes unstable and a new acceleration process
takes over. But we'll have to keep looking at the data."

Scientists consider Jupiter to be a physics lab of sorts
for worlds beyond our solar system, saying the ability
of Jupiter to accelerate charged particles to immense energies
has implications for how more distant astrophysical systems
accelerate particles. But what they learn about the forces
driving Jupiter's auroras and shaping its space weather environment
also has practical implications in our own planetary backyard.

"The highest energies that we are observing
within Jupiter's auroral regions are formidable.
These energetic particles that create the auroras
are part of the story in understanding Jupiter's radiation belts,
which pose such a challenge to Juno and to upcoming spacecraft
missions to Jupiter under development," said Mauk.
"Engineering around the debilitating effects of radiation has always been
a challenge to spacecraft engineers for missions at Earth and elsewhere
in the solar system. What we learn here, and from spacecraft like
NASA's Van Allen Probes and Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS)
that are exploring Earth's magnetosphere, will teach us a lot
about space weather and protecting spacecraft and astronauts
in harsh space environments. Comparing the processes
at Jupiter and Earth is incredibly valuable in testing our ideas
of how planetary physics works."

Mauk and colleagues present their findings in the Sept. 7
issue of the journal Nature.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California,
manages the Juno mission for the principal investigator,
Scott Bolton, of the Southwest Research Institute
in San Antonio. Juno is part of NASA's New Frontiers Program,
which is managed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center
in Huntsville, Alabama, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate.
Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver, built the spacecraft.

https://www.nasa.gov/juno

https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu

The public can follow the mission on Facebook and Twitter at:

https://www.facebook.com/NASAJuno

https://www.twitter.com/NASAJuno

More information on Jupiter can be found at:

https://www.nasa.gov/jupiter

News Media Contact
DC Agle
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
818-393-9011 / 818-354-6278
agle@jpl.nasa.gov

Michael Buckley
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
443-778-7536
Michael.Buckley@jhuapl.edu

Dwayne Brown / Laurie Cantillo
NASA Headquarters, Washington
202-358-1726 / 202-358-1077
dwayne.c.brown@nasa.gov / laura.l.cantillo@nasa.gov

2017-236

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS
LAISSONS LES JOUTES VERBALES AUX CHIFFRES ET AUX RAISONS, LAISSONS LES IDÉES CONSTRUIRENT DES BUDGETS ÉLECTORAUX MAIS LE PRIX DU BEURRE. TAY

NOUS NOUS SOMMES ACQUIS DANS LA CHARITÉ MAIS CERTAINS SE SONT AMUSÉS À FAIRE FORTUNE SUR LE PRIX DU BEURRE ET SUR LE TRAVAIL AGRICOLE. TAY
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://www.atelier-yannistignard.com En ligne
yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 7495
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   Sam 9 Sep à 3:06

SON PRÉNOM EST NINA, DOUCE NUÉE DU MARCHÉ SAINT CYPRIEN


LA JOIE ME FUT JADIS DÉROBÉE PAR MON EXISTENCE OU PAR LE DESTIN LUI MÊME.
UNE CHATTE PRÉNOMMÉE MINOUSKA ME RAPPELA L’ESPÉRANCE ET ME REPRIT AU CROIRE
DE L'ESPOIR. DANS LA PÉRIODE DE LEADER PRICE ET DE MON EXÉMA, ELLE FUT PILIER
DE MON ENTRETIEN AVEC LA NATURE ET LES PRINCIPES DE LA VIE: LA MANIÈRE D’ÊTRE

LA JOIE EST VENUE DANS UN SENTIMENT SIMPLE, PAR UN SOURIRE TIMIDE ET SERVIABLE
QUI PORTE UNE VOIX DOUCE ET AIGRE. CETTE PERSONNE CALME ME REGARDA ET
UN SENTIMENT BIZARRE NAQUIT DANS MON CŒUR: JE FUT SUBJUGUE PAR SON CALME.
DOUCE ET AFFIRMÉE AFFRONTANT LES INTEMPÉRIES DE LA PLUME ET DU VERBE
SACHANT JONGLER SUR LES ASPECTS DU MARCHE ET HUMBLE DE SON CHARME: LA GRÂCE.

AU LIEU DE M’ÉLOIGNER DU MONDE, ELLE M'EN RAPPROCHE CAR ELLE SAIT ESSUYER LE VERBE
SANS LA MOINDRE GRIMACE ! ELLE EST DANS SON ÉQUILIBRE ET CELUI CI EST SON SECRET.
ELLE EST UN MYSTÈRE DANS LA PLÉNITUDE DE SES MOUVEMENTS DIGNE DES BEAUX NUAGES.
DANS SON CALME, J'Y APERÇOIT DES RÊVERIES MYSTÉRIEUSES: DES SONGES ÉNIGMATIQUES.

DANS LA CLARTÉ DE LA LUMIÈRE TOUT COMME DANS LE SONGE DE LA NUIT; IL EST DES FAITS
QUE L'HOMME NE PEUT OUBLIER. JE NE CHERCHE DONC PAS DE RAISONS SUR MES SENTIMENTS.
LA JOIE EST UN MERVEILLEUX SENTIMENT DANS LE BONHEUR TOUT COMME DANS LE MALHEUR.
ELLE FAIT PARTI DE SES PERSONNES QUI ME REDONNE SOIF AU BONHEUR: ELLE EST NINA.

ECRIT DU
CITOYEN TIGNARD YANIS
ALIAS
TAY La chouette effraie
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://www.atelier-yannistignard.com En ligne
Contenu sponsorisé




MessageSujet: Re: SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON   

Revenir en haut Aller en bas
 
SILVER SHADOW, BALANCE OF TERROR ET THE WEAPON
Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Revenir en haut 
Page 1 sur 1
 Sujets similaires
-
» Recherche open : Fire & Shadow
» Shaiya Shadow
» Mystic Shadow'
» Partenaire avec Silver Wood ?
» Présentation de ~Silver~

Permission de ce forum:Vous ne pouvez pas répondre aux sujets dans ce forum
Le clans des mouettes :: Le clans des mouettes-
Sauter vers: