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 A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018

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MessageSujet: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:48

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 20 mai
En réponse à @StateDept @POTUS
L'ÂME DES U.S.A EST DE POINTÉ LE POIDS DE L'ÉCONOMIE MONDIALE ET D'ENTENDRE
LES EXPRESSIONS DES MISÉREUX EXPLOITÉS PHYSIQUEMENT DANS LA RUE.

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 20 mai
En réponse à @realDonaldTrump
CELUI D'AFFRONTER LES EXIGENCES DE LA MODERNITÉ ET DE LA PRESSE DANS L'ÉVOLUTION
DES MOEURS,DES ESPRITS ET LA CONSCIENCE: LA CITOYENNETÉ. Y

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 20 mai
En réponse à @StateDept @POTUS
L'ÂME DES U.S.A EST DE POINTÉ LE POIDS DE L'ÉCONOMIE MONDIALE ET D'ENTENDRE
LES EXPRESSIONS DES MISÉREUX EXPLOITÉS PHYSIQUEMENT DANS LA RUE.

Kounaklechat‏ @kounaklechat · 14 mai
LA JALOUSIE NE CONTIENT PAS L'AUDACE MAIS L'AUDACE PEUT SE TRANSFORMER
EN JALOUX: LE TEMPS EST UNE NOTION ET LA NOTION EST UNE FORMULE. TAY

Kounaklechat‏ @kounaklechat · 20 mai
MAGMA: VIE, CHAOS, VIDE, RIEN, INVISIBLE ET TRANSPARENCE. Y
http://leclandesmouettes.bbflash.net/t364-magma-vie-chaos-vide-rien-invisible-et-transparence-y#6041 …
http://la-5ieme-republique.actifforum.com/t357-lepine-dans-la-main-lehava-l-o-l-p-jerusalem-et-y-becca …
INNOCENT

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 19 mai
PRÉSIDENTIELLES IRANIENNE 2017: UN LÉGER SOUPIR TRANSPORTE MON VERBE.
AVEC JOIE ET AVEC CRAINTE, ÊTRE VIGILANT SUR L'ASPECT SISMIQUES. TAY

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 21 mai
En réponse à @Elysee @EmmanuelMacron
LE NÉPAL SE TRANSFORMA DE ROYAUME EN RÉPUBLIQUE, DES NOUVEAUX PONTS
SE CONSTRUISIRENT DANS L'HIMALAYA: L'HÉROÏSME DE KHARTOUM. Y'BECCA. TAY

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 19 mai
ORDRE DANS LA LOUANGE, LOUABLE CONSTRUIT UN NOUVEAU LOUVRE SUR LE MOUVEMENT
DU MOMENT. LE CONSTRUIT SON TEMPS ET LE CITOYEN AFFIRME SON VOTE


BUDGET OF THE U. S. GOVERNMENT
A New Foundation For American Greatness
Fiscal Year 2018

Office of Management and Budget

THE BUDGET DOCUMENTS
Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2018 contains the Budget Message of the President, information on the President’s priorities, and summary tables.
Analytical Perspectives, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2018 contains analyses that are designed to highlight specified subject areas or provide other significant presentations of budget data that place the budget in perspective. This volume includes economic and accounting analyses; information on Federal receipts and collections; analyses of Federal spending; information on Federal borrowing and debt; baseline or current services estimates; and other technical presentations.
The Analytical Perspectives volume also has supplemental materials that are available on the internet at www.budget.gov/budget/Analytical_Perspectives and on the Budget CD-ROM. These supplemental materials include tables showing the budget by agency and account and by function, subfunction, and program.
Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2018 contains detailed information on the various appropriations and funds that constitute the budget and is designed primarily for the use of the Appropriations Committees. The Appendix contains more detailed financial information on individual programs and appropriation accounts than any of the other budget documents. It includes for each agency: the proposed text of appropriations language; budget schedules for each account; legislative proposals; narrative explanations of each budget account; and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or group of agencies. Information is also provided on certain activities whose transactions are not part of the budget totals.
ELECTRONIC SOURCES OF BUDGET INFORMATION
The information contained in these documents is available in electronic format from the following sources:
Internet. All budget documents, including documents that are released at a future date, spreadsheets of many of the budget tables, and a public use budget database are available for downloading in several formats from the internet at www.budget.gov/budget. Links to documents and materials from budgets of prior years are also provided.
Budget CD-ROM. The CD-ROM contains all of the printed budget documents in fully indexed PDF format along with the software required for viewing the documents.
The Internet and CD-ROM also include many of the budget tables in spreadsheet format, and supplemental materials that are part of the Analytical Perspectives volume. It also includes Historical Tables that provide data on budget receipts, outlays, surpluses or deficits, Federal debt, and Federal employment over an extended time period, generally from 1940 or earlier to 2018 or 2022.
For more information on access to electronic versions of the budget documents (except CD-ROMs), call (202) 512-1530 in the D.C. area or toll-free (888) 293-6498. To purchase the Budget CD-ROM or printed documents call (202) 512-1800.
GENERAL NOTES
1.
All years referenced for budget data are fiscal years unless otherwise noted. All years referenced for economic data are calendar years unless otherwise noted.
2.
At the time of this writing, only one of the annual appropriations bills for 2017 had been enacted (the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Act), as well as the Further Continuing and Security Assistance Appropriations Act, which provided 2017 discretionary funding for certain Department of Defense accounts; therefore, the programs provided for in the remaining 2017 annual appropriations bills were operating under a continuing resolution (Public Law 114-223, division C, as amended). For these programs, references to 2017 spending in the text and tables reflect the levels provided by the continuing resolution.
3.
Detail in this document may not add to the totals due to rounding.

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON 2017


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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:49

Table of Contents
The Budget Message of the President � 1
A New Foundation for American Greatness � 5
I. Overview � 5
II.What Went Wrong: Inheriting $20 Trillion in Debt and aBroken, Stagnant Economy � 6
Sources of Economic Stagnation � 6
The Human Cost of Economic Stagnation: Too Many Americans Left Behind � 8
The Dangerous Combination of Historic Debt and Economic Stagnation � 8
III.How to Make Things Right: New Policies for Jobs and Growth and NewSpending Priorities � 8
New Policies for Jobs and Growth � 9
Control Federal Spending � 9
Simplify the Tax Code and Provide Tax Relief � 13
Provide a Comprehensive Plan to Reform the Federal Government and Reduce
the Federal Civilian Workforce � 14
Roll Back Burdensome Regulations � 14
Reform Immigration Policy � 15
New Priorities � 17
Infrastructure Investment � 19
Support Families and Children � 20
Reform Student Loan Programs � 20
Extend the Current VA Choice Program � 20Summary Tables � 23
S–1. Budget Totals � 25
S–2. Effect of Budget Proposals on Projected Deficits � 26
S–3. Baseline by Category � 27
S–4. Proposed Budget by Category � 29
S–5. Proposed Budget by Category as a Percent of GDP � 31
S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals � 33
S–7. Proposed Discretionary Caps for 2018 Budget � 40
S–8. 2018 Discretionary Overview by Major Agency � 42
S–9. Economic Assumptions � 45
S–10. Federal Government Financing and Debt � 46
OMB Contributors to the 2018 Budget � 49

Page 1

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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:50

THE BUDGET MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT

To the Congress of the United States:

On February 28, I spoke to a joint session of the Congress about what we need to do to begin a new chapter of American Greatness. I asked the Nation to look forward nine years and imagine the wonders we could achieve by America’s 250th anniversary of our Independence if we set free the dreams of our people by removing the barriers holding back our economic growth.
This Budget’s defining ambition is to unleash the dreams of the American people. This requires laying a new foundation for American Greatness.
Through streamlined Government, we will drive an economic boom that raises incomes and expands job opportunities for all Americans. Faster economic growth, coupled with fiscal restraint, will enable us to fully fund our national priorities, balance our budget, and start to pay down our national debt.
Our moral commitment to replacing our current economic stagnation with faster economic growth rests on the following eight pillars of reform:
Health Reform. We need to enable Americans to buy the healthcare they need at a price they can afford. To this end, we must repeal Obamacare and its burdensome regulations and mandates, and replace it with a framework that restores choice and competition. This will lower the cost of care so that more Americans can get the medical attention they need. Additionally, Medicaid, which inadequately serves enrollees and taxpayers, must be reformed to allow States to manage their own programs, with continued financial support from the Federal Government.
Tax Reform and Simplification. We must reduce the tax burden on American workers and businesses, so that we can maximize incomes and economic growth. We must also simplify our tax system, so that individuals and businesses do not waste countless hours and resources simply paying their taxes.
Immigration Reform. We must reform immigration policy so that it serves our national interest. We will adopt commonsense proposals that protect American workers, reduce burdens on taxpayers and public resources, and focus Federal funds on underserved and disadvantaged citizens.
Reductions in Federal Spending. We must scrutinize every dollar the Federal Government spends. Just as families decide how to manage limited budgets, we must ensure the Federal Government spends precious taxpayer dollars only on our highest national priorities, and always in the most efficient, effective manner.
Regulatory Rollback. We must eliminate every outdated, unnecessary, or ineffective Federal regulation, and move aggressively to build regulatory frameworks that stimulate—rather than
THE BUDGET MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT
To the Congress of the United States:
2 The Budget Message of the President
stagnate—job creation. Even for those regulations we must leave in place, we must strike every
provision that is counterproductive, ineffective, or outdated.
American Energy Development. We must increase development of America’s energy resources,
strengthening our national security, lowering the price of electricity and transportation fuels, and
driving down the cost of consumer goods so that every American individual and business has more
money to save and invest. A consistent, long-term supply of lower-cost American energy brings with
it a much larger economy, more jobs, and greater security for the American people.
Welfare Reform. We must reform our welfare system so that it does not discourage able-bodied
adults from working, which takes away scarce resources from those in real need. Work must be the
center of our social policy.
Education Reform. We need to return decisions regarding education back to the State and local
levels, while advancing opportunities for parents and students to choose, from all available options,
the school that best fits their needs to learn and succeed.
***
To unleash the power of American work and creativity—and drive opportunity and faster economic
growth—we must reprioritize Federal spending so that it advances the safety and security of the
American people.
This Budget, therefore, includes $639 billion for the Department of Defense—a $52 billion increase
from the 2017 annualized continuing resolution level. This increase will be offset by targeted
reductions elsewhere. This defense funding is vital to rebuilding, modernizing, and preparing our
Armed Forces for the future so that our military remains the world’s preeminent fighting force and
we can continue to ensure peace through strength. This Budget also increases funding to take care of
our great veterans, who have served their country with such honor and distinction.
The Budget also meets the need to materially increase funding for border security, immigration
enforcement, and law enforcement at the Departments of Homeland Security and Justice. These
funding increases will provide additional resources for a southern border wall, expanded detention
capacity, and initiatives to reduce violent crime, as well as more immigration judges, U.S. Immigration
and Customs Enforcement officers, and Border Patrol agents. The Budget also invests significant
resources in efforts to combat opioid abuse.
In these dangerous times, our increased attention to public safety and national security sends a
clear message to the world—a message of American strength and resolve. It follows through on my
promise to focus on keeping Americans safe, keeping terrorists out of our Nation, and putting violent
offenders behind bars.
As this Budget returns us to economic prosperity, it will also allow us to fund additional priorities,
including infrastructure, student loan reform, and initiatives to help working families such as paid
parental leave. We will champion the hardworking taxpayers who have been ignored for too long.
Once we end our economic stagnation and return to robust growth, so many of our aspirations will be
within reach.
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 3
It is now up to the Congress to act. I pledge my full cooperation in ending the economic malaise
that has, for too long, crippled the dreams of our people. The time for small thinking is over. As we
look forward to our 250th year, I am calling upon all Members of Congress to join me in striving to do
big and bold and daring things for our Nation. We have it in our power to set free the dreams of our
people. Let us begin.
DONALD J. TRUMP
The White House,
May 23, 2017

5
I.
OVERVIEW
This 2018 Budget lays the groundwork for an overdue renewal of the American spirit, and provides a detailed and specific roadmap to get us there. A New Foundation for American Greatness is not just the title of this Budget. It is a bold and specific set of policy and budgetary initiatives that tackle many of the problems ignored or exacerbated by previous administrations.
Our Nation must make substantial changes to the policies and spending priorities of the previous administration if our citizens are to be safe and prosperous in the future. This Budget represents an attainable vision of a Government that preserves the safety and fiscal security of this Nation while enabling the creativity and drive that has always supported the American Dream. This New Foundation for American Greatness presents an opportunity for our Nation’s values and constitutional principles to send a message of American strength, leadership, and fiscal responsibility to the rest of the world.
This message comes from a place of profound respect for the American people and the hardworking taxpayers who built this Nation. It reflects President Donald J. Trump’s deep commitment to restore this Nation’s greatness, a rejection of the failed status quo, and an effort that strives to be worthy of the American people and the trust they have placed in the President.
With a $20 trillion debt threatening generations of American prosperity, our Federal budget must spend every dollar effectively, efficiently, and in ways that make a demonstrable difference for our Nation. It also must do something equally important: lay the foundation for a rebuilt national defense, strengthened borders, and the long-term soundness of our economy and well-being of the American family.
The President and this Budget aim to achieve this by laying:
•
A new foundation that solidifies our commitment to the border’s security.
•
A new foundation of policies to produce new American jobs.
•
A new foundation for immigration policy that serves the national interest and the American taxpayer.
•
A new foundation of federalism that trusts States to help manage America’s health care.
•
A new foundation that creates a pathway to welfare reform that is focused on promoting work and lifting people out of poverty.
•
A new foundation that places America first by returning more American dollars home and ensuring foreign aid supports American interests and values.
•
A new foundation that spurs innovation and enables the American worker and family to thrive.
•
A new foundation of restraint that limits Government regulation and intrusion.
•
A new foundation of discipline that puts our budget on a path to balance.

A NEW FOUNDATION FOR AMERICAN GREATNESS
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:51

A New Foundation for American Greatness
• And, a new foundation of focus on the forgotten
American worker who now has an
advocate in the Oval Office.
The time is now to address the fundamental
challenges facing our Nation. It is more than just
words on pages; it is a call to action to save this
great Nation. We have borrowed from our children
and their future for too long, the devastating
consequences of which cannot be overstated. We
are fast approaching having publicly held debt at
or exceeding 100 percent of our Gross Domestic
Product (GDP), a point at which hopes for a more
prosperous future are irrevocably lost.
This Budget makes it clear that we will reverse
the damaging trends from previous administrations
and restore the American Dream. The New
Foundation for American Greatness will put our
Nation’s budget back into balance and begin to
reduce the national debt.
A New Foundation for American Greatness
requires a new approach to how we tax, regulate,
and support our American worker and job creators.
A new approach to how we provide for the
common defense and promote the general welfare.
A new approach to how we care for the sick
and educate our young. A new approach to how
we spend every tax dollar.
The President believes it will take courage and
bold leadership to restore our Nation’s greatness.
This Budget is a large and bold reversal from the
spiral of decline we were on toward a more bright
and prosperous future.
II. WHAT WENT WRONG: INHERITING $20 TRILLION
IN DEBT AND A BROKEN, STAGNANT ECONOMY
The new Administration inherited an economic
situation in which the United States is $20
trillion in debt and yet at the same time dramatically
underserving the needs of its citizens due
to a broken, stagnant economy.
The previous administration’s economic policies
resulted in a near doubling of the national
debt from $10.6 trillion in 2009 to nearly $20
trillion in 2016. The amount of this debt that
is publicly held—that is, the portion that requires
financing on the capital markets—is $14
trillion. Relative to the economy, publicly held
debt at the end of last fiscal year was 77 percent
of GDP, nearly double the level of 39 percent
of GDP eight years earlier. This run-up in debt
over the last eight years brought it to a level
that we have not seen since shortly after World
War II.
While our national debt has soared, our economic
growth has been historically abysmal.
Stagnant economic growth has severely
weakened our Nation’s capacity to pay off the
debt in the future, especially as measured
against historic norms. Overall growth of the
economy was subpar even before the last recession
and recovery from that recession has
been weak.
From World War II to 2007, the average fourth
quarter-over-fourth quarter growth rate was 3.5
percent. Over the last nine years, average growth
has been 1.3 percent.
Productivity growth is also down from historical
averages. Productivity growth (defined as
growth in real output per labor hour) has averaged
0.5 percent per year over 2011-2016. Over
the years 1948 to 2007, average annual productivity
growth was 2.3 percent. This stagnation
has left hardworking taxpayers and American
families feeling like the American Dream is out
of their reach.
Sources of Economic Stagnation
Trade Deals That Have Exported American
Jobs. All across America, there are cities
and towns devastated by unfair trade policies.
Horrible trade deals from prior administrations
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 7
have stripped wealth and jobs from our Nation.
Persistent trade deficits go hand in hand with
a stagnant recovery and our trade deficits have
increased: net exports were about -1 percent of
GDP in the early 1990s; they were -3.4 percent
of GDP in 2016.
Burdensome Federal Regulation. Until
the new Administration took office this year, the
regulatory state had continued to grow and impede
growth in the economy. For example, over
the 10 years ending in 2016, non-independent
agencies added between $78-$115 billion in estimated
annual costs through the finalization
of new regulations. This included several environmental
regulations, such as the Light Duty
Fuel Economy regulations and the Power Plant
Mercury regulations that each had estimated
compliance costs approaching or exceeding $10
billion per year. The true impact of regulations
during this time was undoubtedly higher, as
regulations issued by the so-called “independent
agencies” are not included in this total. These
“independent agencies” issue the majority of
burdensome financial regulations, including the
vast majority of the cost of compliance with the
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer
Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act).
Everyone believes in and supports safe food
supplies and clean air and water. But the agencies
of the Federal Government have gone way
beyond what was originally intended by the
Congress. The hallmark feature of these regulations
has been a mind-numbing complexity that
minimizes the understanding of what constitutes
compliance, and maximizes the opportunity for
arbitrary and ad hoc bureaucratic decision-making,
often through vehicles that may not be a
legitimate substitute for notice-and-comment
rulemaking, such as guidance and interpretive
documents.
Burdensome Permitting Process. As major
infrastructure projects are proposed, Federal
agencies are responsible for reviewing potential
impacts on safety, security, communities, and the
environment. Over time, the legal requirements
and processes for the permitting and review of
major infrastructure projects have developed in
a siloed and ad-hoc way, creating complex processes
that in some cases take multiple years
to complete. Projects that are particularly large
and complex, or that have significant environmental
impacts, are often in the permitting
and review process for several years. Up to 18
Federal agencies and 35 bureaus are responsible
for individual, independent permitting and
review decisions. Delays and uncertainty in project
review timelines can affect critical financing
and siting decisions; postpone needed upgrades,
replacements, or new development; and ultimately,
delay job creation and negatively affect
American competitiveness. While there have
been a number of efforts to improve these processes
over time, they have had little quantifiable
impact. Under the auspices of the infrastructure
initiative, through administrative, regulatory,
and legislative changes, the Administration will
work to streamline and rationalize the permitting
process while maintaining opportunities
for meaningful public input and protecting the
environment.
Highest Business Taxes in the World. The
corporate tax rate in the United States is the
highest in the Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD) and one of
the highest in the world. While the Federal corporate
income tax in the United States is 35.0
percent, after including State taxes, the rate is
38.9 percent. This compares to an average top
marginal tax rate of 22.5 percent worldwide
and 24.7 percent in the OECD. As long as our
corporate tax rate is well above other nations,
businesses will have the incentive to locate overseas,
and America will continue to lose out on
both jobs and tax revenue.
Low Business Investment. Due to high
taxes, high regulations, and poor economic policies,
real private nonresidential fixed investment
has grown by only 1.3 percent each year (on a
fourth quarter-over-fourth quarter basis) since
2007, compared to 4.9 percent annually before
the recession. The capital stock is an important
determinant of labor productivity, and weak
8 A New Foundation for American Greatness
growth in labor productivity in recent years reinforces
the need for more investment.
The Human Cost of Economic Stagnation:
Too Many Americans Left Behind
Due to the slow recovery and over-burdened
job creators, American workers and their families
have not seen significant gains in their
wages in recent years. In 2016, real hourly wages
for production workers grew by only 0.5 percent
(on a December-over-December basis). From the
end of 2007 to the end of 2016, real GDP grew
by 12.1 percent, but real wages grew by only 7.7
percent. In 2015, 13.5 percent of Americans lived
in poverty, higher than in 2007. The poverty rate
among children was even higher, 19.7 percent in
2015, compared to 18 percent in 2007.
Further compounding the twin challenges of
growing debt and economic stagnation are social
and economic policies that have failed millions of
able-bodied adults. Millions of Americans are too
discouraged to remain in the labor force or are
being forced to work part-time.
In December 2007, before the start of the Great
Recession, the labor force participation (LFP)
rate was 66.0 percent. At the end of 2016, over
seven years after the end of the recession, the
participation rate was 62.7 percent. This is not
solely a reflection of an aging population. Even
amongst “prime-age” workers (those aged 25 to
54 years), participation in the labor force has
declined, from 83.1 percent at the end of 2007, to
81.5 percent at the end of 2016. For those aged 25
to 34 years, too, participation has fallen according
to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (from 83.1
percent in December 2007, to 81.9 percent in
December 2016). The employment-to-population
ratio has fallen one percentage point for this
young demographic between the end of 2007 and
the end of 2016.
The Dangerous Combination of Historic
Debt and Economic Stagnation
Recent Federal budgets tell the story of a
persistent and unresolved national crisis.
During the Great Recession, the Federal budget
deficit rose to unprecedented heights as
revenue fell and spending rose sharply. From
2009 to 2012, the budget ran trillion-dollar
deficits ranging in size from 6.8 percent to 9.8
percent of GDP, a standard measure of the size
of deficits relative to the economy. Relative
to GDP, these deficits were the largest seen
since the Nation was on an all-out war footing
during World War II.
From 2013 to 2016, deficits diminished from
the trillion-dollar peaks, but still remained between
$400 and $700 billion. These deficits were
still above historical levels prior to the recession,
despite coming years after the recession ended.
Unless we change our fiscal course, our budget
deficits will begin rising again after next year
and will soon reach trillion-dollar levels once
again. That would mean the publicly held debt
will continue to mushroom and soon place the
Nation in uncharted fiscal territory, unable to
weather unexpected events such as recession or
war, and vulnerable to fiscal and economic crises.
III. HOW TO MAKE THINGS RIGHT: NEW POLICIES FOR
JOBS AND GROWTH AND NEW SPENDING PRIORITIES
To promote safety and prosperity for all
Americans, we need to reprioritize Federal
spending as we change the policies that have
stifled economic growth. We need to incentivize
business investment and reform the tax and
regulatory systems that have been headwinds
for growth. We need trade practices that will
stimulate American exports and jobs. We need
family friendly policies that acknowledge the
reality of dual income households. In addition,
we need to bring Federal deficits and debt under
control so that the Federal Government no
longer absorbs available capital that could go
to more productive uses.
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 9
New Policies for Jobs and Growth
The President’s Budget proposes the following
bold steps to spark faster economic growth,
balance the budget within 10 years, and finance
important new priorities.
Control Federal Spending. The first step
is to bring Federal spending under control and
return the Federal budget to balance within 10
years. Deficit spending has become an ingrained
part of the culture in the Nation’s capital. It
must end to avoid passing unsustainable levels
of debt on to our children and grandchildren and
causing serious economic damage. When debt
levels keep increasing, more and more of the
Nation’s resources are required to service that
debt and are diverted away from Government
services that citizens depend on. To help correct
this and reach our budget goal in 10 years, the
Budget includes $3.6 trillion in spending reductions
over 10 years, the most ever proposed
by any President in a Budget. By including the
anticipated economic gains that will result from
the President’s fiscal, economic, and regulatory
policies, the deficit will be reduced by $5.6 trillion
compared to the current fiscal path.
As a result, by the end of the 10-year budget
window, when the budget reaches balance, publicly
held debt will be reduced to 60 percent of
GDP, the lowest level since 2010, when the economic
policies of the last administration took
effect. Under this plan, the debt will continue
to fall both in nominal dollars and as a share
of GDP beyond that point, putting us on a path
to repay the debt in full within a few decades.
Bringing the budget into surplus and reducing
the level of debt sets up a virtuous cycle in which
fewer tax dollars are needed to service the debt.
This increases budget flexibility, in which the
Government can pursue other needed priorities.
Reduced Federal borrowing on the capital
markets also frees up capital to flow to productivity-
enhancing investments, leading to higher
economic growth.
The following are a few of the ways we will
bring spending under control:
Repeal and Replace Obamacare. The
Budget includes $250 billion in deficit savings
associated with health care reform as
part of the President’s commitment to rescue
Americans from the failures of Obamacare,
and to expand choice, increase access, and
lower premiums. The President supports a
repeal and replace approach that improves
Medicaid’s sustainability and targets resources
to those most in need, eliminates
Obamacare’s onerous taxes and mandates,
provides funding for States to stabilize markets
and ensure a smooth transition away
from Obamacare, and helps Americans purchase
the coverage they want through the use
of tax credits and expanded Health Savings
Accounts. Repealing Obamacare and its
regulations on businesses will also increase
employment, thereby increasing GDP and
creating much needed economic growth. The
Administration applauds the House’s passage
of the American Health Care Act and is
committed to working with the Congress to
repeal and replace Obamacare.
The Administration is committed to providing
needed flexibility to issuers to help
attract healthy consumers to enroll in health
insurance coverage, improve the risk pool and
bring stability and certainty to the individual
and small group markets, while increasing
the options for patients and providers. The
Administration also supports State flexibility
and control to create a free and open
health care market and will continue to empower
States to make decisions that work
best for their markets. In light of these goals,
the Budget promotes efficient operations and
only funds critical activities for the Health
Insurance Exchanges. The Administration
will continue to work with the Congress to
provide for a stable transition from the burdensome
requirements of Obamacare and
transition to a health care system focused on
these core values.
Reform Medicaid. To realign financial
incentives and provide stability to both
Federal and State budgets, the Budget
10 A New Foundation for American Greatness
proposes to reform Medicaid by giving
States the choice between a per capita cap
and a block grant and empowering States
to innovate and prioritize Medicaid dollars
to the most vulnerable populations. States
will have more flexibility to control costs and
design individual, State-based solutions to
provide better care to Medicaid beneficiaries.
These reforms are projected to save $610 billion
over 10 years.
Support the Highest Priority Biomedical
Research and Development. The
Budget institutes policies to ensure that
Federal resources maximally support the
highest priority biomedical science by reducing
reimbursement of indirect costs (and thus
focusing a higher percentage of spending
on direct research costs) and implementing
changes to the National Institutes of Health’s
(NIH) structure to improve efficiencies in the
research enterprise. In 2018, the Department
of Health and Human Services (HHS) and
NIH will develop policies to reduce the
burden of regulation on recipients of NIH
funding consistent with the Administration’s
initiatives on regulatory reform and the
goals articulated for the new Research Policy
Board established in the 21st Century Cures
Act.
Provide a Path Toward Welfare
Reform. The Budget provides a path
toward welfare reform, particularly to encourage
those individuals dependent on the
Government to return to the workforce. In
doing so, this Budget includes Supplemental
Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) reforms
that tighten eligibility and encourage
work, and proposals that strengthen child
support and limit the Earned Income Tax
Credit (EITC) and the Child Tax Credit
(CTC) to those who are authorized to work in
the United States.
As a primary component of the social safety
net, SNAP—formerly Food Stamps—has
grown significantly in the past decade. As expected,
SNAP participation grew to historic
levels during the recession. However, despite
improvements in unemployment since the
recession ended, SNAP participation remains
persistently high.
The Budget proposes a series of reforms to
SNAP that close eligibility loopholes, target
benefits to the neediest households, and require
able-bodied adults to work. Combined,
these reforms will reduce SNAP expenditures
while maintaining the basic assistance
low-income families need to weather hard
times. The Budget also proposes SNAP reforms
that will re-balance the State-Federal
partnership in providing benefits by establishing
a State match for benefit costs. The
Budget assumes a gradual phase-in of the
match, beginning with a national average
of 10 percent in 2020 and increasing to an
average of 25 percent by 2023.To help States
manage their costs, in addition to the currently
available operational choices States
make that can impact participation rates and
benefit calculations, new flexibilities to allow
States to establish locally appropriate benefit
levels will be considered.
The Budget also includes a number of
proposals that strengthen the Child Support
Enforcement Program, providing State
agencies additional tools to create stronger,
more efficient child support programs that
facilitate family self-sufficiency and promote
responsible parenthood. Specifically, a suite
of Establishment and Enforcement proposals
serves to increase child support collections
that in turn result in savings to Federal
benefits programs, and a Child Support
Technology Fund will allow States to replace
aging information technology systems
to increase security, efficiency, and program
integrity.
The Budget also proposes to require a
Social Security Number (SSN) that is valid
for work in order to claim the CTC and
EITC. Under current law, individuals who
do not have SSNs valid for work can claim
the CTC, including the refundable portion of
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 11
the credit. This proposal would ensure only
people who are authorized to work in the
United States are eligible for the CTC. In
addition, this proposal fixes gaps in current
administrative practice for EITC filers that
allowed some people with SSNs that are not
valid for work to still claim the EITC.
Reform Disability Programs. The
Budget proposes to reform disability insurance
programs to promote greater LFP.
Currently, people with disabilities have low
rates of LFP—20 percent—which is less
than a third of the LFP rate of the overall
working age population. Disability benefits
are essential for workers with long-term and
permanent disabilities who are unable to
work. Program integrity efforts are crucial
to ensure only participants who remain eligible
continue receiving benefits. The greatest
waste is when the Government is not doing
enough to enable individuals to remain in the
labor force—incentives and pathways to recover
from a temporary disability and return
to work. These disability insurance programs
should be helping people to stay in the workforce
and be self-sufficient.
At the same time, Government must ensure
only those who are truly eligible receive
benefits. Reform proposals in the Budget
include efforts to improve program integrity,
close loopholes that make the program more
susceptible to fraud, and address inequities
in the system. For instance, the Budget
proposes to hold fraud facilitators liable for
overpayments and, instead of the automatic
current lifetime appointment for Federal
staff reviewing applications, the Budget
proposes a probationary period for all new
Administrative Law Judges hired.
To test creative and effective ways to
promote greater LFP of people with disabilities
so individuals can be independent
and self-sufficient, the Budget proposes to
expand demonstration authority to allow
the Administration to test new program
rules and processes and require mandatory
participation by program applicants and
beneficiaries. An expert panel will identify
specific changes to program rules that would
increase LFP and reduce program participation,
informed by successful demonstration
results and other evidence. Past efforts have
provided enhanced incentives to pursue work
for disability insurance beneficiaries who
already spent years out of the labor force.
The Budget, in contrast, focuses on early
intervention return-to-work initiatives that
would help the individual worker maintain
attachment to the labor force while also reducing
the individuals’ need to apply to the
disability insurance programs.
Currently, there is a common expectation
that receipt of disability benefits results in
a permanent exit from the labor force. The
Budget challenges this assumption by evaluating
alternative program designs that will
result in helping individuals with temporary
work-disabilities return to work. The Budget
includes targets for reduced program costs in
the second five years of the budget window,
savings that would result from increased
LFP by people with disabilities.
Reform Federal Employees Retirement
Benefits. The employee retirement
landscape continues to evolve as private
companies are providing less compensation
in the form of retirement benefits. The shift
away from defined benefit programs and
cost-of-living adjustments for annuitants is
part of that evolution. By comparison, the
Federal Government continues to offer a very
generous package of retirement benefits.
Consistent with the goal of reining in Federal
Government spending in many areas, as well
as to bring Federal retirement benefits more
in line with the private sector, adjustments
to reduce the long-term costs associated with
these benefits are included in this Budget.
These proposals include increasing employee
payments to the defined benefit Federal
Employee Retirement System pension such
that the employee will generally be paying
the same amount as the employing agency,
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:52

A New Foundation for American Greatness
and reducing or eliminating cost-of-living
adjustments for existing and future retirees.
Viewed in the context of the broader
labor environment, the Administration believes
the implementation and phasing in
of these changes will not impact the Federal
Government’s recruiting and retention
efforts.
Reduce Improper Payments Government-
Wide. For the past few years, improper
payments have been rising, and the Budget
helps fulfill the President’s promise to
crack down on these improper Government
payments. Even though the majority of
Government payments are made properly,
any waste of taxpayer money is unacceptable.
The Budget prioritizes shrinking the amount
of improper cash out the door. Specifically,
by 2027 the Budget proposes to curtail
Government-wide improper payments by
half through actions to improve payment accuracy
and tighten administrative controls.
Reduce the Federal Government to
Redefine its Proper Role and Promote
Efficiency. The Budget Blueprint for 2018
provided a plan for reprioritizing Federal discretionary
spending so that it advances the
safety and security of the American people.
It included a $54 billion increase in defense
spending in 2018, which was fully offset by
$54 billion in reductions to non-defense programs.
The Budget provides more detail on
these spending reductions and provides additional
savings and reforms that are necessary
to balance the budget by 2027.
Details on these spending reductions are
included in a separate Major Savings and
Reforms volume. This volume provides a specific,
aggressive set of program elimination,
reduction, and saving proposals that redefine
the proper role of the Federal Government,
and curtail programs that fall short on results
or provide little return to the American
people.
For instance, within HHS, in order to return
the provision of social services back to State
and local governments as well as the private
sector, the Budget eliminates the Social
Services Block Grant (SSBG), a broad-based
block grant that lacks strong performance
and accountability standards. Relatedly, the
Budget reduces the portion of the Temporary
Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block
grant (10 percent) that States may transfer
from TANF to SSBG. Finally, the Budget
eliminates the TANF Contingency Fund, as
it fails to provide well-targeted counter-cyclical
funding to States.
Redirect Foreign Aid Spending. The
Budget supports the core activities of the
Department of State, the U.S. Agency for
International Development (USAID), and
other international programs, and refocuses
their work on the highest priorities and strategic
objectives. These include: investing in
critical embassy security and maintenance
needs in order to safeguard Federal employees
overseas; meeting our commitment
to Israel; supporting U.S. national security
in efforts to defeat the Islamic State
of Iraq and Syria; preventing the spread
or use of weapons of mass destruction by
state or non-state actors; maintaining U.S.
leadership in shaping global humanitarian
assistance while also asking the rest of
the world to increase their share; fostering
opportunities for U.S. economic interests
by combatting corruption and ensuring a
level playing field for American businesses;
advancing global health security and
pandemic preparedness; and ensuring effectiveness
and accountability to the U.S.
taxpayer. The Budget will also continue
to support ongoing commitments to global
health programs, including completing
our commitment to Gavi, the Vaccine
Alliance, maintaining funding for malaria
programs, and continuing treatment for all
current HIV/AIDS patients under the U.S.
President’s Emergency Plan for Aids Relief.
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 13
The Budget proposes to reduce or end
direct funding for international programs
and organizations whose missions do not
substantially advance U.S. foreign policy interests.
The Budget also renews attention on
the appropriate U.S. share of international
spending at the United Nations, at the World
Bank, and for many other global issues
where the United States currently pays more
than its fair share. In addition, this Budget
request focuses on making the Department
of State and USAID leaner, more efficient,
and more effective, and streamlines international
affairs agencies more broadly through
the elimination of Federal funding to several
smaller agencies. The Budget will allow the
Department of State and USAID to support
their core missions, while ensuring the best
use of American taxpayer dollars in ways
that advance national security as we work to
build a more prosperous and peaceful world.
Reduce Non-Defense Discretionary
Spending Each Year with a 2-Penny
Plan. The Budget Blueprint outlined a
plan to reduce non-defense discretionary
spending by $54 billion in 2018. As part of
the plan to achieve a balanced budget by
2027, the Budget builds on this approach
with a 2-penny plan that would reduce
non-defense budget authority by two percent
each year, to reach approximately $385
billion in 2027, or just over 1.2 percent of
GDP. For comparison, at the 2017 cap level,
non-defense base budget authority is $519
billion and 2.7 percent of GDP. This reduction
may seem steep, but the strict and
disciplined discretionary policies already
proposed in the Budget Blueprint will serve
as a down payment on the out-year reforms
the Administration will unveil, as it seeks
to downsize the mission of the non-defense
discretionary budget in the coming years.
Simplify the Tax Code and Provide Tax
Relief. A comprehensive overhaul to our tax
code will boost economic growth and investment.
A simpler, fairer, and more efficient tax system
is critical to growing the economy and creating
jobs. Our outdated, overly complex, and burdensome
tax system must be reformed to unleash
America’s economy, and create millions of new,
better-paying jobs that enable American workers
to meet their families’ needs.
The Budget assumes deficit neutral tax reform,
which the Administration will work closely
with the Congress to enact.
The Administration has articulated several
core principles that will guide its discussions
with taxpayers, businesses, Members of
Congress, and other stakeholders. Overall, the
Administration believes that tax reform, both
for individuals and businesses, should grow the
economy and make America a more attractive
business environment.
Tax relief for American families, especially
middle-income families, should:
• Lower individual income tax rates.
• Expand the standard deduction and help
families struggling with child and dependent
care expenses.
• Protect homeownership, charitable giving
and retirement saving.
• End the burdensome alternative minimum
tax, which requires many taxpayers to calculate
their taxes twice.
• Repeal the 3.8 percent Obamacare surcharge
on capital gains and dividends,
which further hinders capital formation.
• And, abolish the death tax, which penalizes
farmers and small business owners who
want to pass their family enterprises on to
their children.
The Administration believes that business tax
reform should:
• Reduce the tax rate on American businesses
in order to fuel job creation and economic
growth.
• Eliminate most special interest tax breaks
to make the tax code more equitable, more
14 A New Foundation for American Greatness
efficient, and to help pay for lower business
tax rates.
• And, end the penalty on American businesses
by transitioning to a territorial system of
taxation, enabling these businesses to repatriate
their newly earned overseas profits
without incurring additional taxes. This
transition would include a one-time repatriation
tax on already accumulated overseas
income.
Going forward, the President is committed to
continue working with the Congress and other
stakeholders to carefully and deliberatively
build on these principles to create a tax system
that is fair, simple, and efficient—one that puts
Americans back to work and puts America first.
Provide a Comprehensive Plan to Reform
the Federal Government and Reduce the
Federal Civilian Workforce. During the first
100 days of this Administration, the Office of
Management and Budget issued guidance that
takes steps to implement the President’s charge
to reorganize agencies and reduce the Federal
workforce to begin the work of creating a leaner,
more accountable, less intrusive, and more effective
Government. Each executive department
and agency will be examined and the American
public will have an opportunity to provide input.
The result will be a comprehensive Government
reform plan that eliminates unnecessary, overlapping,
outdated and ineffective programs.
Some agencies may find the greatest efficiencies
come from insourcing or reducing management
layers while others will want to review programs,
shared service and outsourcing options,
or restructuring. This may mean reorganizing,
consolidating, and eliminating programs, functions,
and organizations where necessary.
Rather than setting arbitrary targets, the
Administration tasked each agency to determine
workforce levels that align with effectively
and efficiently delivering its mission, including
planning for funding levels in the President’s
Budget. In addition to broad agency reform, the
Administration is committed to removing the
red tape that often traps Federal employees in
an overly bureaucratic environment. It is often
heard that managers are unable to function at
an optimal level, given unnecessary layers of
disjointed guidance, policy, and regulation. To
alleviate this barrier to managing an efficient
and effective workforce, a standard requirement
included in the Agency Reform plan response is a
plan for how agencies will reward top performers,
while holding those with conduct or performance
issues accountable.
Roll Back Burdensome Regulations. The
American people deserve a regulatory system
that works for them, not against them—a system
that is both effective and efficient. Each
year, however, Federal agencies issue thousands
of new regulations that, taken together, impose
substantial burdens on American consumers
and businesses big and small. These burdens
function much like taxes that unnecessarily
inhibit growth and employment. The President
is committed to fixing these problems by eliminating
unnecessary and wasteful regulations. To
that end, the President has already taken four
significant steps:
Launch a Regulatory Freeze. On
January 20, 2017, the President’s Chief of
Staff issued a memorandum to all agencies,
directing them to pull back any regulations
that had been sent to, but not yet published
by, the Office of the Federal Register; to not
publish any new regulations unless approved
by one of the President’s political appointees;
and to delay the effective date of any pending
regulations for 60 days to provide the
new Administration time to review and reconsider
those regulations. Federal agencies
responded by pulling back over 60 so-called
“midnight” regulations from being issued and
continue to take a very close look at those
published, but not yet in effect.
Control Costs and Eliminate Unnecessary
Regulations. On January 30, 2017, the
President signed Executive Order (EO)
13771, “Reducing Regulation and Controlling
Regulatory Costs.” This EO emphasizes a
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 15
critical principle for the regulatory state.
It requires Federal agencies to identify for
elimination at least two existing regulations
for each new regulation they issue. It generally
also requires agencies to ensure that for
2017, the total incremental cost of all new
regulations be no greater than $0. For 2018
and beyond, the EO establishes and institutionalizes
a disciplined process for imposing
regulatory cost caps and allowances for each
Federal agency.
Establish Executive Order (EO) 13777,
“Enforcing the Regulatory Reform
Agenda.” This EO establishes within each
agency a Regulatory Reform Officer and a
Regulatory Reform Task Force to carry out
the President’s regulatory reform priorities.
These new teams will work hard to identify
regulations that eliminate jobs or inhibit job
creation; are outdated, unnecessary, or ineffective;
or impose costs that exceed benefits.
These efforts build upon a widely recognized
and bipartisan consensus that many existing
regulations are likely to be ineffective and no
longer necessary. The difference, however, is
accountability, and these teams and this effort
will be a critical means by which Federal
agencies will identify and cut regulations in
a smart and efficient manner.
Reform Financial Regulation and
Prevent Taxpayer-Funded Bailouts.
The Budget fosters economic growth and
vibrant financial markets by rolling back
the regulatory excesses mandated by the
Dodd-Frank Act. On February 3, 2017,
the Administration issued an EO on Core
Principles for Regulating the United States
Financial System (Core Principles EO),
which includes preventing taxpayer-funded
bailouts and restoring accountability within
Federal financial regulatory agencies.
As directed in the Core Principles EO, the
Secretary of the Treasury, with the heads of
the member agencies of the Financial Stability
Oversight Council, is conducting a thorough
review of the extent to which existing laws,
regulations, and other Government policies
promote (or inhibit) these Core Principles.
The Budget includes $35 billion in savings
to be realized through reforms that prevent
bailouts and reverse burdensome regulations
that hinder financial innovation and reduce
access to credit for hardworking American
families.
Further, the Budget proposes legislation
to restructure the Consumer Financial
Protection Bureau (CFPB). CFPB’s interpretation
of the Dodd-Frank Act has resulted
in an unaccountable bureaucracy controlled
by an independent director with unchecked
regulatory authority and punitive power.
Restructuring is required to ensure appropriate
congressional oversight and to refocus
CFPB’s efforts on enforcing the law rather
than impeding free commerce. The Budget
proposes to limit CFPB’s funding in 2018 to
allow for an efficient transition period and
bring a newly streamlined agency into the
regular appropriations process beginning in
2019.
The Budget also proposes to restore the
Securities and Exchange Commission’s accountability
to the American taxpayer by
eliminating the “Reserve Fund” created by
the Dodd-Frank Act.
Reform Immigration Policy. America’s
immigration policy must serve our national
interest. The Budget supports commonsense
immigration standards that protect American
workers, reduce burdens on taxpayers and public
resources, and focus Federal funds on underserved
and disadvantaged citizens. When fully
implemented, these changes have the potential
to save American taxpayers trillions of dollars
over future decades.
Census data show that current U.S. immigration
policy results in a large numbers of residents
and citizens who struggle to become financially
independent and instead rely on Government
benefits financed by taxpayers. In 2012, the census
reported that 51 percent of all households
16 A New Foundation for American Greatness
headed by immigrants received payments from
at least one welfare or low-income assistance
program. In addition, participation in welfare
programs among immigrant-headed households
varies by education level. In 2012, 76 percent of
households headed by an immigrant without a
high school education used at least one major
welfare program compared to 26 percent for
households headed by an immigrant with at least
a bachelor’s degree. Focusing immigration policy
on merit-based admissions has the potential to
reduce Federal outlays for welfare payments to
lower-skilled immigrant-headed households.
Estimates from a recent report by the National
Academy of Sciences (NAS) on the Economic and
Fiscal Consequences of Immigration indicate
that each individual immigrant who lacks a high
school education may create as much as $247,000
more in costs at all levels of government than
they pay in taxes over the next 75 years. Based
on data from the Census Bureau’s Current
Population Survey, 8.2 million adults with a high
school education or less settled in the United
States from abroad between 2000 and 2015.
The NAS study also found that, in 2013,
first-generation immigrants (across all skill levels)
and their dependents living in the United
States may have cost government at all levels as
much as $279 billion more than they paid in taxes
for all levels of government, when the costs of national
defense and other public goods are included
on an average cost basis. The Federal costs alone
were estimated to be as much as $147 billion if all
public goods and benefits are included.
Some of this cost is driven by our Nation’s
current refugee policy. Under the refugee program,
the Federal Government brings tens of
thousands of entrants into the United States, on
top of existing legal immigration flows, who are
instantly eligible for time-limited cash benefits
and numerous non-cash Federal benefits, including
food assistance through SNAP, medical care,
and education, as well as a host of State and local
benefits.
A large proportion of entrants arriving as
refugees have minimal levels of education, presenting
particular fiscal costs. The HHS Annual
Survey of Refugees showed that, in 2015, those
who had arrived in the previous five years had
less than 10 years of education on average. The
survey also showed that of refugees who arrived
in the prior five years nearly 50 percent were
on Medicaid in 2015, 45 percent received cash
assistance, and 75 percent received benefits
from SNAP. These federally supported benefit
programs are not tracked separately in terms
of welfare and other benefits; they are added to
the bottom line of the Federal deficit and Federal
programs. The way that refugee spending is typically
budgeted for makes it difficult to attribute
the full fiscal costs, including appropriated funds
for the Department of State and HHS, along
with fee-funded programs from the Department
of Homeland Security. Additional State and local
funding for services, including public education,
is not captured in the Federal budget, nor are
local and State taxes collected from refugees to
the Federal Government. While HHS is appropriated
funds specifically for refugee benefits,
many others, including SNAP and Medicaid, are
unallocated to refugees.
The paradoxical effect of refugee spending is
that the larger the number the United States
admits for domestic resettlement, the fewer people
the United States is able to help overall; each
refugee admitted into the United States comes
at the expense of helping a potentially greater
number out of country. Thus, reducing the number
of refugees increases the number of dislocated
persons the United States is financially able to
assist, while increasing the number of refugees
may have the effect of reducing the total size of
the refugee population the United States is able
to assist financially.
The Administration is exploring options for
budget presentation that would make transparent
the net budgetary effects of immigration
programs and policy. The goal of such changes
would be to capture better the impact of immigration
policy decisions on the Federal Government’s
fiscal path. Once the net effect of immigration
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 17
on the Federal Budget is more clearly illustrated,
the American public can be better informed
about options for improving policy outcomes and
saving taxpayer resources. In that regard, the
Budget supports reforming the U.S. immigration
system to encourage: merit-based admissions
for legal immigrants, ending the entry of illegal
immigrants, and a substantial reduction in refugees
slotted for domestic resettlement.
New Priorities
The Budget reprioritizes spending in several
important ways.
Invest in Defense. The President’s Budget
includes $639 billion of discretionary budget authority
for the Department of Defense (DOD), a
$52 billion increase above the 2017 annualized
continuing resolution (CR) level, fully offset by
targeted reductions elsewhere. These resources
provide for the military forces needed to conduct
ongoing operations, deter potential adversaries,
and protect the security of the United States.
Reverse the Defense Sequestration.
The Budget fully reverses the defense
sequestration by increasing funding for national
defense by $54 billion above the cap in
current law, and fully offsetting this increase.
This includes a $52 billion increase for the
DOD, as well as $2 billion of increases for other
national defense programs. Since defense
sequestration was first triggered in 2013,
the world has grown more dangerous due
to rising terrorism, destabilizing technology,
and increasingly aggressive potential adversaries.
Over the same period, our military
has become smaller, and deferred training,
maintenance, and modernization have degraded
its ability to prepare for future war
while sustaining current operations. The
President’s Budget ends this depletion and
begins to rebuild the U.S. Armed Forces,
laying the groundwork for a larger, more capable,
and more lethal joint force consistent
with a new National Defense Strategy.
Fill Critical Gaps and Build Warfighting
Readiness. The Administration
inherited the smallest Army since before
World War II, a Navy and Marine Corps facing
shortfalls in maintenance and equipment
procurement, and the smallest Air Force with
the oldest planes in history. The President began
corrective action immediately, ordering
a readiness review, requesting $30 billion of
additional 2017 appropriations (of which the
Congress provided $21 billion), and developing
a budget that adds $54 billion to national
defense in 2018. These funds will begin years
of increased investment to end the depletion
of our military and build warfighting
readiness. In 2018, the Budget provides for
56,400 more Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and
Marines than the end strength planned by
the Obama Administration. These troops are
needed to fill gaps in our combat formations,
man essential units previously scheduled for
divestment, and provide critical enablers.
The Budget prioritizes readiness, funding
critical shipyard requirements, accelerating
depot maintenance and weapon system
sustainment, enhancing training, growing
our cyber workforce and capabilities, and
restoring degraded infrastructure. Funds
also recapitalize, modernize, and enhance
weapons systems. For example, the Air Force,
Navy, and Marine Corps would buy 84 new
fighter aircraft in 2018, including 70 Joint
Strike Fighters and 14 Super Hornets. The
Navy continues to increase its ship count,
with the acquisition of eight new battle force
ships funded in 2018.
Implement Defense Reform. The Budget
lays the groundwork for an ambitious reform
agenda that underscores the President’s
commitment to reduce the costs of military
programs wherever feasible without reducing
effectiveness or efficiency. The Budget
also continues ongoing efforts to improve
the Department’s business processes, reduce
major headquarters activities by 25 percent,
and eliminate redundant spending on service
contracts.
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:53

ncrease Border Security and Investments
in Public Safety. The President’s
Budget includes $44.1 billion for the Department
of Homeland Security (DHS) and $27.7 billion
for the Department of Justice (DOJ) for law
enforcement, public safety and immigration enforcement
programs and activities.
Increase Border Security Infrastructure
and Technology. The President’s Budget
secures the borders of the United States by
investing $2.6 billion in high-priority tactical
infrastructure and border security technology,
including funding to plan, design, and
construct a physical wall along the southern
border as directed by the President’s
January 25, 2017 EO. This investment would
strengthen border security, helping stem the
flow of people, drugs, and other illicit material
illegally crossing the border.
Increase DHS Personnel. The Budget
also advances the President’s plan to
strengthen border security and immigration
enforcement with more than $300 million
to recruit, hire, and train 500 new Border
Patrol Agents and 1,000 new Immigration
and Customs Enforcement law enforcement
personnel in 2018, plus associated support
staff. These new personnel would improve
the integrity of the immigration system by
adding capacity to interdict those aliens attempting
to cross the border illegally, as well
as to identify and remove those already in
the United States who entered illegally.
Enforce the Nation’s Laws. The Budget
enhances enforcement of immigration laws
by proposing an additional $1.5 billion above
the 2017 annualized CR level for expanded
detention, transportation, and removal of illegal
immigrants. These funds would ensure
that DHS has sufficient detention capacity
to hold prioritized aliens, including violent
criminals and other dangerous individuals,
as they are processed for removal.
Invest in Law Enforcement. The
Budget provides critical resources for DOJ
to confront terrorism, reduce violent crime,
tackle the Nation’s opioid epidemic, and combat
illegal immigration. Additional spending
is provided for DOJ to enhance public safety
and law enforcement including $214 million
above current levels for immigration enforcement—
allowing DOJ to hire 75 additional
immigration judge teams, bringing the total
number of funded immigration judge teams
to 449. In addition, $84 million more is provided
for increases in the Federal detainee
population. Increases of $188 million are
included to address violent and gun-related
crime in communities across the Nation
and to target transnational criminal organizations
and drug traffickers. As part of this
increase, $103 million is added to maintain
and expand capacity to fight against opioids
and other illicit drugs. Further, DOJ will take
steps to mitigate the risk that sanctuary jurisdictions
pose to public safety.
Invest in Cybersecurity. The internet
has transformed and modernized our society
and enabled astonishing business growth.
It has fostered education, fueled innovation,
and strengthened our military. That
transformation—and the opportunities it
has created—has been exploited by our enemies
and adversaries. Bad actors must not
be allowed to use the internet to perpetrate
crimes and threaten our security. These
crimes affect our largest companies, impact
millions of people at a time, damage our
small businesses, and affect our national security.
The Budget supports the President’s
focus on cybersecurity to ensure strong programs
and technology to defend the Federal
networks that serve the American people,
and continues efforts to share information,
standards, and best practices with critical
infrastructure and American businesses to
keep them secure. The Budget also includes
an increase in law enforcement and cybersecurity
personnel across DHS, DOD, and the
Federal Bureau of Investigation to execute
these efforts and counter cybercrime. In addition,
the Budget includes an increase in
resources for the National Cybersecurity and
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 19
Communications Integration Center, which
enables DHS to respond effectively to cyber
attacks on critical infrastructure.
Provide an Infrastructure Plan to
Support $1 Trillion in Private/Public
Infrastructure Investment. The President
has consistently emphasized that the Nation’s
infrastructure needs to be rebuilt and modernized
to create jobs, maintain America’s economic
competitiveness, and connect communities and
people to more opportunities. Unfortunately,
the United States no longer has the best infrastructure
in the world. According to the World
Economic Forum, the United States’ overall infrastructure
places 12th, with countries such as
Japan, Germany, the Netherlands, and France
ranking higher.
If the United States continues to underinvest
in infrastructure, we will continue to fall further
and further behind our peers and our economic
performance will suffer. Given these challenges,
the Administration’s goal is to seek long-term reforms
on how infrastructure projects are regulated,
funded, delivered, and maintained. Simply providing
more Federal funding for infrastructure is not
the solution. Rather, we will work to fix underlying
incentives, procedures, and policies to spur
better, and more efficient, infrastructure decisions
and outcomes, across a range of sectors, including
surface transportation, airports, waterways, ports,
drinking and waste water, broadband and key
Federal facilities. Such improvements will include
tracking the progress of major infrastructure projects
on a public dashboard to ensure transparency
and accountability of the permitting process.
The President’s target of $1 trillion will be
met with a combination of new Federal funding,
incentivized non-Federal funding, and expedited
projects that would not have happened
but for the Administration’s involvement (for
example, the Keystone XL Pipeline). While the
Administration will propose additional funding
for infrastructure, those funds will be focused
on incentivizing additional non-Federal investments.
While the Administration continues to
work with the Congress, States, localities, and
other infrastructure stakeholders to finalize
the suite of direct Federal programs that will
support this effort, the Budget includes $200
billion in outlays related to the infrastructure
initiative.
The impact of this investment will be amplified
with other administrative and regulatory
actions the Administration plans to pursue. The
Administration is comprehensively reviewing
administrative policies that impact infrastructure,
and will eliminate and revise policies
that no longer fulfill a useful purpose. Further,
as part of the regulatory reform agenda, the
Administration will eliminate or significantly
revise regulations that create unnecessary barriers
to infrastructure investment by all levels of
government and the private sector.
The United States has maintained an excellent
aviation safety record while operating the
world’s most congested airspace. Despite this record,
the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
is challenged increasingly to address the quickly
evolving needs of the Nation’s airspace users.
To accommodate growing air traffic volume
and meet the demands of aviation users, the
Administration proposes to shift the air traffic
control functions to a non-profit, non-governmental
entity. Similar efforts have been undertaken
successfully in many other countries. This transformative
undertaking will create an innovative
corporation that can more nimbly respond to the
demand for air traffic services, all while reducing
taxes and Government spending. The parts
of FAA that will remain with the Government
will retain important aviation safety regulatory
activities as well as maintain the Airport
Improvement Program grant program.
The Budget reflects the proposal to shift the
air traffic control function to an independent,
non-governmental organization beginning in
2021, with a cap reduction in discretionary
spending of $72.8 billion, and reduction in
aviation excise taxes of $115.6 billion. These estimated
changes represent a high-level reflection
of the Administration’s proposal.
20 A New Foundation for American Greatness
Support Families and Children. The
Administration is committed to helping American
families and children.
Provide Paid Parental Leave. During
his campaign, the President pledged to provide
paid family leave to help new parents.
The Budget delivers on this promise with a
fully paid-for proposal to provide six weeks of
paid family leave to new mothers and fathers,
including adoptive parents, so all families can
afford to take time to recover from childbirth
and bond with a new child without worrying
about paying their bills.
Using the Unemployment Insurance (UI)
system as a base, the proposal will allow
States to establish paid parental leave programs
in a way that is most appropriate for
their workforce and economy. States would
be required to provide six weeks of parental
leave and the proposal gives States broad
latitude to design and finance the program.
The proposal is fully offset by a package of
sensible reforms to the UI system—including
reforms to reduce improper payments, help
unemployed workers find jobs more quickly,
and encourage States to maintain reserves
in their Unemployment Trust Fund accounts.
The Administration looks forward to working
with the Congress on legislation to make paid
parental leave a reality for families across
the Nation.
Extend the Children’s Health Insurance
Program (CHIP). While the future of CHIP
is addressed alongside other health reforms,
the Budget proposes to extend CHIP funding
for two years, through 2019, providing stability
to States and families. The Budget also
proposes a series of improvements that rebalance
the State-Federal partnership, including
returning to the historic Federal matching
rate, and increasing State flexibility.
Reform Student Loan Programs. In recent
years, income-driven repayment (IDR)
plans, which offer student borrowers the option
of making affordable monthly payments based
on factors such as income and family size, have
grown in popularity. However, the numerous IDR
plans currently offered to borrowers overly complicate
choosing and enrolling in the right plan.
The Budget proposes to streamline student loan
repayment by consolidating multiple IDR plans
into a single plan. The single IDR plan would
cap a borrower’s monthly payment at 12.5 percent
of discretionary income. For undergraduate
borrowers, any balance remaining after 15 years
of repayment would be forgiven. For borrowers
with any graduate debt, any balance remaining
after 30 years of repayment would be forgiven.
To support this streamlined pathway to
debt relief for undergraduate borrowers, and
to generate savings that help put the Nation
on a more sustainable fiscal path, the Budget
eliminates the Public Service Loan Forgiveness
program, establishes reforms to guarantee that
all borrowers in IDR pay an equitable share of
their income, and eliminates subsidized loans.
These reforms will reduce inefficiencies in the
student loan program and focus assistance on
needy undergraduate student borrowers instead
of high-income, high-balance graduate borrowers.
All student loan proposals apply to loans
originated on or after July 1, 2018, except those
provided to borrowers to finish their current
course of study.
The Budget also supports expanded access to
Pell Grants for eligible recipients through Year-
Round Pell. This policy incentivizes students
to complete their degrees faster, helping them
reduce their loan debt and enter the workforce
sooner. Year-Round Pell gives students the opportunity
to earn a third semester of Pell Grant
support during an academic year, boosting total
Pell Grant aid by $1.5 billion in 2018 for approximately
900,000 students.
Extend the Current VA Choice Program.
Veterans’ access to timely, high quality health
care is one of this Administration’s highest priorities.
The Budget provides mandatory funding
to extend the Veterans Choice Program, enabling
eligible veterans to receive timely care, close to
home. As of April 2017, veterans have completed
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 21
over 8.7 million appointments through the
Choice Program. The Administration will
work with the Congress to improve this program
and implement bold change so that
the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
continues to provide the services and choices
veterans have earned. The Budget proposes
to fully offset the cost of continuing this
program through targeted programmatic
changes to mandatory benefits programs to
better align them with programmatic intents.
Through these tradeoffs, VA will focus its
budgetary resources on providing veterans
with the most efficient and effective care and
benefits.

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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:55

Summary Tables

Table S–1. Budget Totals
(In billions of dollars and as a percent of GDP)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Budget Totals in Billions of Dollars:
Receipts ����������������������������������������������� 3,268 3,460 3,654 3,814 3,982 4,161 4,390 4,615 4,864 5,130 5,417 5,724 20,001 45,751
Outlays ������������������������������������������������ 3,853 4,062 4,094 4,340 4,470 4,617 4,832 4,933 5,073 5,306 5,527 5,708 22,353 48,901
Deficit/surplus (–) ���������������������������� 585 603 440 526 488 456 442 319 209 176 110 -16 2,351 3,150
Debt held by the public ����������������������� 14,168 14,824 15,353 15,957 16,509 17,024 17,517 17,887 18,150 18,379 18,541 18,575
Gross domestic product (GDP) ��������������� 18,407 19,162 20,014 20,947 21,981 23,093 24,261 25,489 26,779 28,134 29,557 31,053
Budget Totals as a Percent of GDP:
Receipts ����������������������������������������������� 17.8% 18.1% 18.3% 18.2% 18.1% 18.0% 18.1% 18.1% 18.2% 18.2% 18.3% 18.4% 18.1% 18.2%
Outlays ������������������������������������������������ 20.9% 21.2% 20.5% 20.7% 20.3% 20.0% 19.9% 19.4% 18.9% 18.9% 18.7% 18.4% 20.3% 19.6%
Deficit/surplus (–) ���������������������������� 3.2% 3.1% 2.2% 2.5% 2.2% 2.0% 1.8% 1.3% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4% -0.1% 2.1% 1.4%
Debt held by the public ����������������������� 77.0% 77.4% 76.7% 76.2% 75.1% 73.7% 72.2% 70.2% 67.8% 65.3% 62.7% 59.8%

------------------------------------------

Table S–2. Effect of Budget Proposals on Projected Deficits
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in billions of dollars)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Projected deficits in the pre-policy baseline ��������������������������������� 585 605 413 553 647 743 881 925 956 1,082 1,234 1,338 3,238 8,775
Percent of GDP ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.2% 3.2% 2.1% 2.7% 3.0% 3.3% 3.8% 3.8% 3.8% 4.1% 4.5% 4.7%
Proposals in the 2018 Budget:
Major initiatives:
Repeal and replace Obamacare ������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... 25 30 –5 –30 –35 –40 –40 –50 –50 –55 –15 –250
Support $1 trillion in private/public infrastructure investment ��� ......... ......... 5 25 40 50 40 20 10 5 5 ......... 160 200
Reform financial regulation and prevent taxpayer-funded bailouts
����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... –2 –3 –3 –4 –4 –4 –4 –4 –5 –13 –35
Establish a paid parental leave program ��������������������������������������� ......... ......... 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 7 19
Reform Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program
(CHIP) ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –2 –3 –10 –20 –40 –60 –80 –105 –130 –165 –76 –616
Reform the welfare system �������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –9 –16 –23 –25 –30 –33 –33 –34 –35 –34 –102 –272
Reform Federal student loans ��������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –4 –7 –11 –13 –15 –17 –18 –19 –19 –20 –50 –143
Reduce improper payments Government-wide ������������������������������ ......... ......... –0 –1 –2 –3 –5 –5 –10 –21 –38 –58 –10 –142
Reform disability programs ������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –1 –1 –2 –2 –3 –5 –8 –12 –17 –22 –9 –72
Reform retirement benefits for Federal employees ������������������������ ......... ......... –4 –1 –3 –4 –6 –7 –8 –9 –10 –11 –17 –63
Limit Farm Bill subsidies and make other agricultural reforms �� ......... ......... –* –3 –4 –4 –4 –4 –4 –5 –5 –5 –15 –38
Extend the current Veterans Choice program �������������������������������� ......... ......... 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 11 29
Other spending reductions and program reforms �������������������������� ......... ......... –7 –12 –16 –17 –26 –35 –38 –27 –71 –89 –79 –339
Total, major initiatives ����������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... 4 10 –32 –67 –122 –185 –228 –276 –369 –458 –208 –1,723
Reprioritize discretionary spending:
Eliminate the defense sequester and raise the cap on defense
discretionary spending ���������������������������������������������������������������� ......... 2 42 52 52 50 49 48 47 45 43 41 245 469
Reorganize Government and apply two-penny plan to non-defense
discretionary spending ���������������������������������������������������������������� ......... –5 –15 –49 –81 –112 –133 –156 –179 –202 –226 –251 –390 –1,404
Phase down the use of Overseas Contingency Operations funding 1 ���� ......... 1 –2 –16 –33 –51 –69 –77 –82 –85 –87 –90 –171 –593
Total, reprioritize discretionary spending ���������������������������������� ......... –3 25 –13 –63 –113 –152 –185 –214 –243 –271 –299 –316 –1,528
Debt service and indirect interest effects ������������������������������������������� ......... –* * * –1 –5 –12 –24 –38 –55 –76 –101 –18 –311
Total proposals in the 2018 Budget ����������������������������������������� ......... –3 29 –3 –96 –185 –287 –394 –480 –573 –715 –858 –542 –3,563
Effect of economic feedback ��������������������������������������������������������������������� ......... * –2 –24 –63 –102 –153 –213 –267 –333 –408 –496 –345 –2,062
Total deficit reduction in the 2018 Budget ������������������������������������� ......... –3 27 –28 –159 –288 –440 –607 –747 –906 –1,124 –1,354 –887 –5,625
Resulting deficit/surplus (–) in the 2018 Budget ��������������������������� 585 603 440 526 488 456 442 319 209 176 110 –16 2,351 3,150
Percent of GDP ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.2% 3.1% 2.2% 2.5% 2.2% 2.0% 1.8% 1.3% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4% –0.1%
* $500 million or less
1 Reductions associated with OCO are relative to the BBEDCA baseline and are based on notional placeholder amounts that are consistent with a potential transition of
certain OCO costs into the base budget while continuing to fund contingency operations. The placeholder amounts do not reflect specific decisions or assumptions about OCO funding in any particular year.
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 9:58

Summary Tables

able S–3. Baseline by Category 1
(In billions of dollars)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Outlays:
Discretionary programs:
Defense �������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 585 592 600 623 640 653 665 676 695 713 732 750 3,181 6,747
Non-defense ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 600 624 618 629 637 650 659 672 688 705 722 739 3,193 6,718
Subtotal, discretionary programs ������������������������������������ 1,185 1,215 1,219 1,251 1,277 1,303 1,323 1,348 1,384 1,418 1,453 1,488 6,373 13,464
Mandatory programs:
Social Security ���������������������������������������������������������������������� 910 946 1,005 1,070 1,138 1,207 1,281 1,362 1,448 1,537 1,630 1,728 5,702 13,406
Medicare ������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 588 593 582 646 701 757 854 885 913 1,012 1,106 1,195 3,541 8,650
Medicaid ������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 368 378 408 432 454 480 507 537 570 604 648 688 2,280 5,328
Other mandatory programs ������������������������������������������������� 560 656 589 626 643 670 717 719 726 759 821 846 3,244 7,115
Subtotal, mandatory programs ��������������������������������������� 2,427 2,573 2,583 2,774 2,936 3,114 3,359 3,503 3,656 3,912 4,205 4,457 14,767 34,500
Net interest ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 240 276 316 372 431 487 542 592 634 670 706 741 2,147 5,489
Total outlays ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3,853 4,065 4,118 4,398 4,643 4,905 5,224 5,443 5,673 6,000 6,364 6,687 23,287 53,453
Receipts:
Individual income taxes ����������������������������������������������������������� 1,546 1,660 1,836 1,934 2,042 2,165 2,291 2,425 2,568 2,719 2,880 3,058 10,268 23,918
Corporation income taxes �������������������������������������������������������� 300 324 355 375 401 400 414 425 439 455 475 497 1,945 4,235
Social insurance and retirement receipts:
Social Security payroll taxes ���������������������������������������������� 810 857 892 931 972 1,027 1,081 1,133 1,191 1,251 1,316 1,379 4,903 11,173
Medicare payroll taxes �������������������������������������������������������� 247 258 270 283 297 315 332 348 367 386 407 427 1,497 3,432
Unemployment insurance ��������������������������������������������������� 49 49 50 49 49 50 51 52 53 54 56 57 248 519
Other retirement ������������������������������������������������������������������ 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 15 16 56 127
Excise taxes ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 95 87 106 107 110 114 116 119 123 127 131 136 553 1,189
Estate and gift taxes ���������������������������������������������������������������� 21 23 24 26 28 29 31 33 36 38 40 43 139 328
Customs duties ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 35 34 40 42 43 44 46 50 53 56 60 65 214 499
Deposits of earnings, Federal Reserve System ����������������������� 116 97 70 56 49 51 60 70 78 86 91 98 286 709
Other miscellaneous receipts �������������������������������������������������� 40 60 54 56 57 58 60 61 64 65 67 69 284 610
Total receipts ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 3,268 3,460 3,707 3,869 4,059 4,264 4,495 4,730 4,984 5,251 5,538 5,844 20,394 46,741
Deficit ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 585 605 411 529 584 641 728 713 689 749 826 842 2,894 6,712
Net interest ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 240 276 316 372 431 487 542 592 634 670 706 741 2,147 5,489
Primary deficit ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 345 329 95 157 153 154 187 121 55 79 120 101 746 1,224
On-budget deficit ���������������������������������������������������������������������� 620 647 436 533 564 612 682 640 593 627 681 668 2,826 6,035
Off-budget deficit/surplus (–) ��������������������������������������������������� –36 –42 –25 –4 20 29 47 72 97 122 145 174 68 678
28 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–3. Baseline by Category 1—Continued
(In billions of dollars)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Memorandum, budget authority for discretionary
programs:
Defense ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 607 616 616 630 645 661 677 694 711 729 747 765 3,229 6,875
Non-defense ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 560 551 548 562 575 589 604 619 634 650 667 683 2,879 6,133
Total, discretionary budget authority ��������������������������������� 1,167 1,167 1,164 1,192 1,221 1,250 1,281 1,313 1,346 1,379 1,414 1,449 6,108 13,008
Memorandum, totals with pre-policy economic assumptions:
Receipts ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 3,268 3,467 3,707 3,838 3,991 4,151 4,330 4,505 4,703 4,902 5,116 5,339 20,017 44,581
Outlays ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3,853 4,072 4,120 4,392 4,638 4,894 5,211 5,431 5,659 5,984 6,350 6,678 23,255 53,356
Deficit ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 585 605 413 553 647 743 881 925 956 1,082 1,234 1,338 3,238 8,775
1 Baseline estimates are on the basis of the economic assumptions shown in Table S-9, which incorporate the effects of the Administration’s fiscal policies. Baseline totals reflecting current-law economic assumptions are shown in a memorandum bank.

----------------------------

Table S–4. Proposed Budget by Category
(In billions of dollars)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Outlays:
Discretionary programs:
Defense ��������������������������������������������������������� 585 594 643 665 670 667 662 665 679 693 708 722 3,307 6,774
Non-defense �������������������������������������������������� 600 619 601 567 537 506 485 464 455 446 437 429 2,696 4,927
Subtotal, discretionary programs ������������ 1,185 1,213 1,244 1,232 1,207 1,173 1,148 1,129 1,134 1,139 1,145 1,151 6,003 11,701
Mandatory programs:
Social Security ���������������������������������������������� 910 946 1,005 1,070 1,137 1,205 1,279 1,360 1,446 1,535 1,628 1,725 5,696 13,392
Medicare ������������������������������������������������������� 588 593 582 646 700 756 851 882 910 1,017 1,085 1,166 3,535 8,594
Medicaid ������������������������������������������������������� 368 378 404 423 439 460 467 477 490 499 518 524 2,193 4,701
Other mandatory programs ������������������������� 560 656 570 603 609 622 658 653 649 667 687 678 3,062 6,396
Allowance for Obamacare repeal and
replacement ���������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –30 –30 –90 –130 –140 –155 –160 –170 –170 –175 –420 –1,250
Allowance for infrastructure initiative ������� ......... ......... 5 25 40 50 40 20 10 5 5 ......... 160 200
Subtotal, mandatory programs ��������������� 2,427 2,573 2,535 2,736 2,835 2,963 3,156 3,237 3,345 3,553 3,754 3,919 14,226 32,033
Net interest ������������������������������������������������������ 240 276 315 371 428 481 528 567 595 613 629 639 2,123 5,166
Total outlays ������������������������������������������������� 3,853 4,062 4,094 4,340 4,470 4,617 4,832 4,933 5,073 5,306 5,527 5,708 22,353 48,901
Receipts:
Individual income taxes ����������������������������������� 1,546 1,660 1,836 1,935 2,044 2,167 2,293 2,428 2,572 2,723 2,884 3,062 10,275 23,945
Corporation income taxes �������������������������������� 300 324 355 375 401 400 414 425 439 455 475 497 1,946 4,236
Social insurance and retirement receipts:
Social Security payroll taxes ���������������������� 810 857 892 931 972 1,027 1,081 1,133 1,191 1,251 1,316 1,379 4,903 11,173
Medicare payroll taxes �������������������������������� 247 258 270 283 297 315 332 348 367 386 407 427 1,497 3,432
Unemployment insurance ��������������������������� 49 49 50 49 50 53 55 54 56 56 59 62 257 543
Other retirement ������������������������������������������ 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 23 24 25 26 80 199
Excise taxes ������������������������������������������������������ 95 87 106 107 110 99 101 104 106 109 113 117 524 1,072
Estate and gift taxes ���������������������������������������� 21 23 24 26 28 29 31 33 36 38 40 43 139 328
Customs duties ������������������������������������������������� 35 34 40 42 43 44 46 50 53 56 60 65 214 499
Deposits of earnings, Federal Reserve System ��� 116 97 70 56 50 52 61 71 78 87 92 99 290 717
Other miscellaneous receipts �������������������������� 40 60 54 55 57 57 59 61 63 64 66 69 282 606
Allowance for Obamacare repeal and
replacement �������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –55 –60 –85 –100 –105 –115 –120 –120 –120 –120 –405 –1,000
Total receipts ������������������������������������������������ 3,268 3,460 3,654 3,814 3,982 4,161 4,390 4,615 4,864 5,130 5,417 5,724 20,001 45,751
Deficit/surplus (–) ��������������������������������������������� 585 603 440 526 488 456 442 319 209 176 110 –16 2,351 3,150
Net interest ������������������������������������������������������ 240 276 315 371 428 481 528 567 595 613 629 639 2,123 5,166
Primary deficit/surplus (–) ������������������������������� 345 326 125 155 60 –25 –87 –249 –386 –438 –518 –654 228 –2,017
On-budget deficit/surplus (–) ��������������������������� 620 644 466 534 472 431 399 251 117 59 –30 –185 2,301 2,514
Off-budget deficit/surplus (–) ��������������������������� –36 –42 –25 –8 16 25 42 68 92 117 140 169 50 636
30 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–4. Proposed Budget by Category—Continued
(In billions of dollars)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Memorandum, budget authority for discretionary
programs:
Defense ��������������������������������������������������������� 607 646 668 668 668 666 665 679 693 707 722 737 3,335 6,873
Non-defense �������������������������������������������������� 560 536 479 464 450 428 419 410 402 394 386 378 2,239 4,209
Total, discretionary funding �������������������� 1,167 1,182 1,147 1,132 1,118 1,094 1,084 1,089 1,095 1,101 1,108 1,115 5,574 11,081
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:01

Table S–5. Proposed Budget by Category as a Percent of GDP
(As a percent of GDP)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Outlays:
Discretionary programs:
Defense ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 3.0 2.7
Non-defense ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 2.5 2.0
Subtotal, discretionary programs ������������������������������� 6.4 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.5 5.1 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7 5.5 4.8
Mandatory programs:
Social Security ����������������������������������������������������������������� 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.3
Medicare �������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.4
Medicaid �������������������������������������������������������������������������� 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.9
Other mandatory programs �������������������������������������������� 3.0 3.4 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.8 2.6
Allowance for Obamacare repeal and replacement ������� ......... ......... –0.1 –0.1 –0.4 –0.6 –0.6 –0.6 –0.6 –0.6 –0.6 –0.6 –0.4 –0.5
Allowance for infrastructure initiative �������������������������� ......... ......... * 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * * ......... 0.1 0.1
Subtotal, mandatory programs ���������������������������������� 13.2 13.4 12.7 13.1 12.9 12.8 13.0 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.6 12.9 12.8
Net interest ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0
Total outlays �������������������������������������������������������������������� 20.9 21.2 20.5 20.7 20.3 20.0 19.9 19.4 18.9 18.9 18.7 18.4 20.3 19.6
Receipts:
Individual income taxes ������������������������������������������������������ 8.4 8.7 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.3 9.5
Corporation income taxes ��������������������������������������������������� 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Social insurance and retirement receipts:
Social Security payroll taxes ����������������������������������������� 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Medicare payroll taxes ��������������������������������������������������� 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Unemployment insurance ���������������������������������������������� 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Other retirement ������������������������������������������������������������� 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Excise taxes ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Estate and gift taxes ����������������������������������������������������������� 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Customs duties �������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Deposits of earnings, Federal Reserve System ������������������ 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Other miscellaneous receipts ��������������������������������������������� 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Allowance for Obamacare repeal and replacement ����������� ......... ......... –0.3 –0.3 –0.4 –0.4 –0.4 –0.5 –0.4 –0.4 –0.4 –0.4 –0.4 –0.4
Total receipts ������������������������������������������������������������������� 17.8 18.1 18.3 18.2 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.1 18.2
Deficit/surplus (–) ���������������������������������������������������������������� 3.2 3.1 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.4 –0.1 2.1 1.4
Net interest ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0
Primary deficit/surplus (–) �������������������������������������������������� 1.9 1.7 0.6 0.7 0.3 –0.1 –0.4 –1.0 –1.4 –1.6 –1.8 –2.1 0.2 –0.7
On-budget deficit/surplus (–) ���������������������������������������������� 3.4 3.4 2.3 2.5 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.0 0.4 0.2 –0.1 –0.6 2.1 1.1
Off-budget deficit/surplus (–) ���������������������������������������������� –0.2 –0.2 –0.1 –* 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 * 0.2
32 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–5. Proposed Budget by Category as a Percent of GDP—Continued
(As a percent of GDP)
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Memorandum, budget authority for discretionary
programs:
Defense ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 3.0 2.8
Non-defense ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.0 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 2.0 1.7
Total, discretionary funding ��������������������������������������� 6.3 6.2 5.7 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6 5.1 4.5

*0.05 percent of GDP or less.
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:01

able S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Agriculture:
Farm Bill savings:
Limit crop insurance premium subsidy to
$40,000 ������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –1,552 –1,620 –1,815 –1,826 –1,845 –1,856 –1,885 –1,897 –1,920 –6,813 –16,218
Limit eligiblity for agricultural commodity
payments to $500,000 Adjusted Gross
Income (AGI) ���������������������������������������������� ......... –72 –60 –77 –73 –71 –67 –64 –60 –56 –53 –353 –653
Limit Crop Insurance eligiblity to $500,000
AGI �������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –34 –35 –40 –42 –45 –49 –53 –58 –64 –151 –420
Eliminate Harvest Price Option for Crop
Insurance ���������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –1,212 –1,251 –1,314 –1,325 –1,335 –1,353 –1,365 –1,378 –1,390 –5,103 –11,924
Streamline conservation programs ��������������� ......... –84 –210 –272 –319 –402 –560 –716 –886 –1,072 –1,234 –1,287 –5,755
Eliminate small programs ����������������������������� ......... –111 –304 –313 –339 –335 –335 –335 –335 –335 –335 –1,402 –3,077
Total Farm Bill savings ������������������������������ ......... –267 –3,372 –3,568 –3,900 –4,001 –4,188 –4,373 –4,584 –4,797 –4,996 –15,108 –38,046
Establish Food Safety and Inspection Service
(FSIS) user fee ������������������������������������������������ ......... ......... –660 –660 –660 –660 –660 –660 –660 –660 –660 –2,640 –5,940
Establish Animal Plant and Health Inspection
Service (APHIS) user fee ������������������������������� ......... –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –100 –200
Establish Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards
Administration (GIPSA) user fee ����������� ......... –30 –30 –30 –30 –30 –30 –30 –30 –30 –30 –150 –300
Establish Agricultural Marketing Service
(AMS) user fee ������������������������������������������������ ......... –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –20 –100 –200
Eliminate interest payments to electric &
telecommunications utilities ������������������������� ......... –131 –136 –136 –140 –142 –137 –138 –139 –139 –139 –685 –1,377
Eliminate the Rural Economic Development
Program ���������������������������������������������������������� ......... –6 –154 –158 –159 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –477 –477
Total, Agriculture ������������������������������������������� ......... –474 –4,392 –4,592 –4,929 –4,873 –5,055 –5,241 –5,453 –5,666 –5,865 –19,260 –46,540
Education:
Create single income-driven student loan
repayment plan 1 �������������������������������������������� ......... –1,685 –3,333 –5,317 –6,830 –8,141 –9,060 –9,972 –10,394 –10,726 –10,946 –25,306 –76,404
Eliminate subsidized student loans ������������������ ......... –1,052 –2,157 –3,098 –3,791 –4,199 –4,499 –4,744 –4,960 –5,145 –5,228 –14,297 –38,873
Eliminate Public Service Loan Forgiveness ����� ......... –859 –1,466 –2,179 –2,679 –3,030 –3,263 –3,493 –3,575 –3,491 –3,436 –10,213 –27,471
Eliminate account maintenance fee payments
to guaranty agencies �������������������������������������� ......... –443 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –443 –443
Support Year-Round Pell grants ������������������������ ......... 81 314 322 327 332 338 344 350 356 361 1,376 3,125
Reallocate mandatory Pell funding to support
Year-Round Pell Grants ��������������������������������� ......... –81 –314 –322 –327 –332 –338 –344 –350 –356 –361 –1,376 –3,125
Total, Education ��������������������������������������������� ......... –4,038 –6,956 –10,594 –13,300 –15,370 –16,823 –18,209 –18,930 –19,362 –19,609 –50,259 –143,192
Energy:
Reduce Strategic Petroleum Reserve by half ��� ......... –500 –500 –552 –1,390 –1,426 –1,489 –1,519 –1,549 –3,793 –3,868 –4,368 –16,586
Restart Nuclear Waste Fund Fee in 2020 ��������� ......... ......... ......... –381 –381 –382 –382 –382 –382 –382 –382 –1,144 –3,054
Repeal borrowing authority for Western Area
Power Administration (WAPA) ���������������������� ......... –610 –900 –1,095 –660 –725 –235 –50 –50 –50 –50 –3,990 –4,425
34 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals—Continued
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Divest Southwestern Power Administration
transmission assets ���������������������������������������� ......... ......... –13 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –13 –13
Divest WAPA transmission assets �������������������� ......... ......... –580 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –580 –580
Divest Bonneville Power Administration transmission
assets ������������������������������������������������ ......... ......... –1,821 –396 –386 –386 –386 –386 –386 –386 –386 –2,989 –4,919
Total, Energy �������������������������������������������������� ......... –1,110 –3,814 –2,424 –2,817 –2,919 –2,492 –2,337 –2,367 –4,611 –4,686 –13,084 –29,576
Health and Human Services:
Reform Medicaid ������������������������������������������������ ......... ......... ......... –10,000 –20,000 –40,000 –60,000 –80,000 –105,000 –130,000 –165,000 –70,000 –610,000
Extend Children’s Health Insurance Program
(CHIP) funding through 2019 2 ��������������������� ......... –2,359 –3,365 159 –250 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –5,815 –5,815
Repeal the Independent Payment Advisory
Board (IPAB) �������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 1,040 1,471 1,583 1,700 1,828 ......... 7,621
Improve the Medicare appeals system ������������� ......... 127 127 127 127 127 127 127 127 127 127 635 1,270
Improve 340B program integrity ���������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Prohibit governmental discrimination against
health care providers that refuse to cover
abortion ����������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Interactions �������������������������������������������������������� ......... –20 ......... 17 13 2 –3 –3 –5 –3 –4 12 –6
Strengthen Child Support Enforcement and
Establishment ������������������������������������������������ ......... –22 –35 –54 –68 –85 –86 –87 –90 –90 –91 –264 –708
Establish a Child Support Technology Fund ���� ......... –110 –122 –120 –121 –136 –43 –48 –55 –36 –42 –609 –833
Shift Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) expenditures
to Foster Care and Permanency �������� ......... 18 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 109 224
Extend certain Medicare Access and CHIP
Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) programs
through 2019:
Extend Health Centers ���������������������������������� ......... 1,439 3,346 2,161 254 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 7,200 7,200
Extend the National Health Service Corps ��� ......... 62 248 232 56 16 6 ......... ......... ......... ......... 614 620
Extend Teaching Health Centers Graduate
Medical Education ������������������������������������� ......... 60 60 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 120 120
Extend Family to Family Health Information
Centers ������������������������������������������������������� ......... 1 4 4 1 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 10 10
Extend the Maternal, Infant, and Early
Childhood Home Visiting Program ����������� ......... 16 112 316 268 68 20 ......... ......... ......... ......... 780 800
Extend the Special Diabetes Program for
the National Institutes of Health and the
Indian Health Service �������������������������������� ......... 180 266 111 30 8 4 2 ......... ......... ......... 595 601
Extend Medicare Enrollment Assistance
Programs ���������������������������������������������������� ......... 18 32 18 6 2 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 76 76
Extend Abstinence Education and Personal
Responsibility Education Program ����������� ......... 3 88 116 54 10 1 5 ......... ......... ......... 271 277
Extend Health Profession Opportunity
Grants ��������������������������������������������������������� ......... 3 45 75 39 7 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 169 169
Total Health and Human Services ���������������� ......... –584 828 –6,815 –19,568 –39,958 –58,911 –78,510 –103,417 –128,279 –163,159 –66,097 –598,374
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 35
Table S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals—Continued
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Homeland Security:
Extend expiring Customs and Border Protection
(CBP) fees ����������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –3,931 –4,143 ......... –8,074
Increase Customs user fees ������������������������������� ......... –7 –9 –12 –19 –26 –38 –46 –52 –66 –78 –73 –353
Increase immigration user fees ������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Establish Electronic Visa Update System user
fee 2 ����������������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Reform the National Flood Insurance Program ��� ......... –95 –301 –509 –730 –971 –1,076 –1,141 –1,260 –1,375 –1,432 –2,606 –8,890
Authorize mandatory outlays for U.S. Coast
Guard Continuation Pay �������������������������������� ......... 3 9 28 31 33 34 35 36 37 38 104 284
Eliminate BrandUSA; make revenue available
to CBP 2 ���������������������������������������������������������� ......... 62 70 78 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 210 210
Transfer Electronic System for Travel Authorization
receipts to International Trade
Administration 2 ��������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Total, Homeland Security ������������������������������ ......... –36 –231 –415 –718 –964 –1,080 –1,152 –1,276 –5,335 –5,615 –2,365 –16,823
Interior:
Lease oil and gas in the Arctic National Wildlife
Refuge (ANWR) ���������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –400 –500 ......... ......... –400 –500 –400 –1,800
Repeal Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act
(GOMESA) State payments ��������������������������� ......... –272 –327 –344 –366 –376 –375 –375 –375 –375 –375 –1,685 –3,560
Cancel Southern Nevada Public Land Management
Act (SNPLMA) balances ����������������������� ......... –83 –69 –78 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –230 –230
Repeal enhanced geothermal payments to
counties ����������������������������������������������������������� ......... –3 –3 –3 –4 –4 –4 –4 –4 –4 –4 –17 –37
Reauthorize the Federal Land Transaction
Facilitation Act ����������������������������������������������� ......... –5 –6 –9 –12 –3 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –35 –35
Total, Interior ������������������������������������������������� ......... –363 –405 –434 –382 –783 –879 –379 –379 –779 –879 –2,367 –5,662
Labor:
Establish a paid parental leave program:
Provide paid parental leave benefits 2 ���������� ......... 709 709 2,420 1,644 1,868 2,109 2,172 2,296 2,415 2,160 7,350 18,502
Establish an Unemployment Insurance (UI)
solvency standard 2 ������������������������������������ ......... ......... ......... –758 –1,894 –2,568 –1,045 –1,833 –1,072 –1,488 –2,254 –5,220 –12,912
Improve UI program integrity 2 �������������������� ......... –94 –215 –251 –249 –243 –211 –253 –249 –241 –228 –1,052 –2,234
Provide for Reemployment Services and
Eligibility Assessments 2 ��������������������������� ......... ......... –88 –541 –562 –522 –411 –413 –493 –499 –519 –1,713 –4,048
Total, establish a paid parental leave
program �������������������������������������������������� ......... 615 406 870 –1,061 –1,465 442 –327 482 187 –841 –635 –692
Improve Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
(PBGC) solvency ������������������������������������� ......... –1,196 –1,202 –1,210 –1,294 –1,507 –1,625 –1,705 –1,546 –2,238 –2,335 –6,409 –15,858
Accelerate PBGC premium payment ���������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 3,088 –3,088 –5,005 ......... –5,005
Total, Labor ���������������������������������������������������� ......... –581 –796 –340 –2,355 –2,972 –1,183 –2,032 2,024 –5,139 –8,181 –7,044 –21,555
36 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals—Continued
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Transportation:
Air Traffic Control:
Reform Air Traffic Control 2 ��������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... 14,391 14,976 15,627 16,382 17,302 18,073 18,881 29,367 115,632
Outlay savings from discretionary cap adjustment
������������������������������������������������������ ......... ......... ......... ......... –8,786 –9,669 –10,058 –10,293 –10,407 –10,407 –10,407 –18,455 –70,027
Reform Essential Air Service 2 �������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... 52 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 52 52
Assume Highway Trust Fund outlays conform
to baseline levels of Highway Trust Fund
revenues ��������������������������������������������������������� ......... 367 637 173 –919 –5,546 –15,164 –16,833 –18,156 –19,436 –20,399 –5,288 –95,276
Total, Transportation ������������������������������������� ......... 367 637 173 4,738 –239 –9,595 –10,744 –11,261 –11,770 –11,925 5,676 –49,619
Treasury:
Provide authority for Bureau of Engraving and
Printing to construct new facility 2 ��������������� ......... –15 –74 –3 5 –314 5 14 3 165 –494 –401 –708
Veterans Affairs:
Continue the Veterans Choice Program ����������� ......... 718 1,593 2,469 3,056 3,437 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 11,273 28,773
Cap Post–9/11 GI Bill Flight Training �������������� ......... –42 –43 –46 –48 –50 –52 –54 –56 –59 –61 –229 –511
Extend round-down of cost-of-living adjustments
(COLAs) ����������������������������������������������� ......... –20 –66 –127 –182 –235 –295 –347 –403 –466 –536 –630 –2,677
Modernize Individual Unemployability ������������ ......... –3,205 –3,394 –3,582 –3,773 –3,968 –4,166 –4,369 –4,576 –4,787 –5,002 –17,922 –40,822
Total, Veterans Affairs ����������������������������������� ......... –2,549 –1,910 –1,286 –947 –816 –1,013 –1,270 –1,535 –1,812 –2,099 –7,508 –15,237
Corps of Engineers:
Divest Washington Aqueduct ���������������������������� ......... ......... ......... –119 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –119 –119
Reform inland waterways financing 2 ��������������� ......... –108 –107 –106 –105 –104 –103 –103 –101 –100 –100 –530 –1,037
Total, Corps of Engineers ������������������������������ ......... –108 –107 –225 –105 –104 –103 –103 –101 –100 –100 –649 –1,156
Environmental Protection Agency:
Expand use of pesticide licensing fees �������������� ......... 5 4 4 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 21 29
Office of Personnel Management (OPM):
Reduce Federal retirement benefits:
Eliminate Federal Employee Retirement
System COLA; reduce Civil Service Retirement
System COLA by 0.5% ��������������� ......... –524 –1,187 –1,892 –2,657 –3,481 –4,369 –5,322 –6,344 –7,432 –8,591 –9,740 –41,799
Other Federal retirement changes ���������������� ......... –1,875 –2,134 –3,055 –2,617 –3,298 –3,620 –3,943 –4,383 –4,841 –5,280 –12,979 –35,046
Increase Employee Contributions:
Increase employee contributions to 50% of
cost with 6-year phase-in (1% per year) 2 ��� ......... –1,719 –3,227 –4,810 –6,372 –7,959 –9,537 –9,568 –9,599 –9,624 –9,640 –24,087 –72,055
Intragovernmental effects of OPM proposals
(non-scoreable):
Loss of mandatory offsetting receipts from
OPM proposals ������������������������������������������� ......... ......... 12,295 13,957 15,779 17,425 19,050 19,166 19,280 19,384 19,472 59,456 155,808
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 37
Table S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals—Continued
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Discretionary effect of OPM proposals ��������� ......... ......... –6,657 –7,230 –7,826 –8,265 –8,624 –8,290 –7,966 –7,650 –7,341 –29,978 –69,849
Total, Office of Personnel Management ���� ......... –4,117 –910 –3,031 –3,692 –5,578 –7,100 –7,957 –9,012 –10,163 –11,380 –17,329 –62,941
Other Independent Agencies:
Federal Communications Commission:
Enact Spectrum License User Fee ���������������� ......... –50 –150 –300 –450 –500 –500 –500 –500 –500 –500 –1,450 –3,950
Reform the Postal Service ���������������������������������� ......... –2,807 –4,685 –4,871 –4,791 –4,923 –4,904 –4,913 –4,795 –4,676 –4,655 –22,077 –46,020
Restructure the Consumer Financial Protection
Bureau ����������������������������������������������������� ......... –145 –650 –683 –706 –726 –745 –764 –784 –804 –826 –2,910 –6,833
Eliminate the Securities and Exchange Commission
Reserve Fund ������������������������������������ ......... ......... –50 –50 –50 –50 –50 –50 –50 –50 –50 –200 –450
Mandatory effects of agency eliminations �������� ......... 1 ......... ......... ......... –1 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Total, Other Independent Agencies ��������������� ......... –3,001 –5,535 –5,904 –5,997 –6,200 –6,199 –6,227 –6,129 –6,030 –6,031 –26,639 –57,255
Cross-cutting reforms:
Repeal and replace Obamacare 2 ����������������������� ......... 25,000 30,000 –5,000 –30,000 –35,000 –40,000 –40,000 –50,000 –50,000 –55,000 –15,000 –250,000
Implement an infrastructure initiative ������������ ......... 5,000 25,000 40,000 50,000 40,000 20,000 10,000 5,000 5,000 ......... 160,000 200,000
Reform welfare programs:
Reform Supplemental Nutrition Assistance
Program (SNAP) ���������������������������������������� ......... –4,637 –7,627 –13,990 –16,928 –21,130 –24,871 –24,634 –25,714 –26,135 –25,266 –64,312 –190,932
Establish a SNAP authorized retailer application
fee ����������������������������������������������������� ......... –252 –246 –241 –236 –230 –230 –230 –230 –230 –230 –1,205 –2,355
Eliminate SSBG ��������������������������������������������� ......... –1,411 –1,683 –1,700 –1,700 –1,700 –1,700 –1,700 –1,700 –1,700 –1,700 –8,194 –16,694
Reduce Temporary Assistance for Needy
Families (TANF) block grant ��������������������� ......... –1,218 –1,491 –1,550 –1,582 –1,615 –1,632 –1,632 –1,632 –1,632 –1,632 –7,456 –15,616
Provide funding for welfare research and
Census Bureau Survey of Income and
Program Participation, transferred from
TANF ���������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Eliminate TANF Contingency Fund ������������� ......... –567 –608 –608 –608 –608 –608 –608 –608 –608 –608 –2,999 –6,039
Require Social Security Number (SSN) for
Child Tax Credit & Earned Income Tax
Credit 2 �������������������������������������������������������� ......... –449 –4,512 –4,447 –4,358 –4,309 –4,296 –4,373 –4,460 –4,555 –4,652 –18,075 –40,411
Total, reform welfare programs ����������������� ......... –8,534 –16,167 –22,536 –25,412 –29,592 –33,337 –33,177 –34,344 –34,860 –34,088 –102,241 –272,047
Reform disability programs and test new
approaches:
Test new approaches to increase labor force
participation ����������������������������������������������� ......... 100 100 100 100 100 –2,494 –5,069 –9,332 –13,809 –18,627 500 –48,831
Reinstate the reconsideration review stage
in 10 States ������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... 71 –10 –59 –526 –246 –263 –305 –354 –376 –524 –2,068
Reduce 12 month retroactive Disability
Insurance benefits to six months �������������� ......... –113 –643 –797 –951 –1,043 –1,112 –1,191 –1,272 –1,349 –1,430 –3,547 –9,901
Create sliding scale for multi-recipient Supplemental
Security Income families ��������� ......... –743 –827 –861 –882 –956 –906 –862 –955 –979 –1,002 –4,269 –8,973
38 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals—Continued
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Create a probationary period for Administrative
Law Judges (ALJs) ������������������������ ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Eliminate Workers Compensation Reverse
Offsets ��������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –3 –8 –12 –16 –19 –22 –25 –28 –31 –39 –164
Offset overlapping unemployment and disability
payments 2 �������������������������������������� ......... ......... –58 –249 –329 –324 –319 –323 –323 –296 –317 –960 –2,538
Total, reform disability programs and test
new approaches �������������������������������������� ......... –756 –1,360 –1,825 –2,133 –2,765 –5,096 –7,730 –12,212 –16,815 –21,783 –8,839 –72,475
Reduce improper payments:
Reduce improper payments Government-
wide ��������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –719 –1,482 –2,383 –4,288 –4,549 –9,652 –20,480 –38,024 –57,633 –8,872 –139,210
Allow Government-wide use of CBP entry/
exit data to prevent improper payments ��� ......... ......... ......... –1 –5 –11 –20 –26 –31 –40 –43 –17 –177
Use Death Master File to prevent improper
payments ���������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Authorize Social Security Administration
(SSA) to use all collection tools to recover
funds ����������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... –2 –2 –3 –4 –4 –5 –5 –5 –11 –11 –41
Hold fraud facilitators liable for overpayments
���������������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –3 –8
Increase overpayment collection threshold
for Old Age, Survivors, and Disability
Insurance ���������������������������������������������������� ......... –8 –26 –43 –59 –77 –93 –107 –135 –144 –156 –213 –848
Exclude SSA debts from discharge in bankruptcy
���������������������������������������������������������� ......... –9 –18 –23 –29 –34 –36 –38 –40 –43 –45 –113 –315
Allow SSA to use commercial database to
verify real property ������������������������������������ ......... –12 –28 –44 –53 –60 –69 –70 –68 –76 –79 –197 –559
Increase oversight of paid tax return preparers
2 ������������������������������������������������������������� ......... –14 –31 –35 –38 –42 –47 –50 –55 –61 –66 –160 –439
Provide more flexible authority for the Internal
Revenue Service to address correctable
errors 2 ������������������������������������������������ ......... –30 –61 –64 –65 –67 –70 –71 –74 –76 –77 –287 –655
Total, reduce improper payments �������������� ......... –73 –885 –1,695 –2,636 –4,584 –4,889 –10,020 –20,889 –38,470 –58,111 –9,873 –142,252
Reform the medical liability system 2 ��������������� ......... –179 –1,097 –1,928 –3,308 –4,827 –6,541 –8,082 –9,114 –9,642 –10,295 –11,339 –55,013
Reform financial regulation and prevent taxpayer-
funded bailouts ������������������������������������ ......... ......... –2,400 –3,000 –3,400 –4,300 –4,400 –4,300 –4,300 –4,400 –4,500 –13,100 –35,000
Conduct spectrum auctions below 6 gigahertz ��� ......... ......... ......... –300 –300 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –6,000 –600 –6,600
Eliminate allocations to the Housing Trust
Fund and Capital Magnet Fund 2 ����������������� ......... –194 –104 –177 –247 –321 –335 –348 –367 –375 –378 –1,044 –2,846
Authorize additional Afghan Special Immigrant
Visas ����������������������������������������������������� ......... 15 20 20 18 18 18 16 15 16 16 91 172
Modify TRICARE Pharmacy fees (includes
non-scoreable accrual effect) ������������������������� ......... 293 209 161 117 102 51 29 –49 –93 –187 881 632
Extend Joint Committee mandatory sequestration
������������������������������������������������������������������ ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 8,361 –20,341 –27,435 ......... –39,415
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 39
Table S–6. Mandatory and Receipt Proposals—Continued
(Deficit increases (+) or decreases (-) in millions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2022
2018-
2027
Total, cross-cutting reforms ��������������������������� ......... 20,571 33,216 3,720 –17,301 –41,270 –74,529 –93,612 –117,899 –169,980 –217,761 –1,063 –674,845
Total, mandatory and receipt proposals ������� ......... 3,967 9,555 –32,168 –67,365 –122,356 –184,954 –227,758 –275,731 –368,861 –457,782 –208,367 –1,723,454
1 The single income-driven repayment plan proposal has sizeable interactive effects with the proposals to eliminate subsidized loans and Public Service Loan Forgiveness.
These effects, $7.4 billion over 10 years, are included in the single income-driven repayment plan subtotal.
2 The estimates for this proposal include effects on receipts. The receipt effects included in the totals above are as follows:
Extend Children’s Health Insurance Program
(CHIP) funding through 2019 ����������������������� ......... 49 –219 –367 –67 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –604 –604
Establish Electronic Visa Update System user
fee �������������������������������������������������������������������� ......... –27 –27 –31 –28 –29 –28 –31 –28 –29 –28 –142 –286
Eliminate BrandUSA; make revenue available
to CBP ������������������������������������������������������������� ......... 162 170 178 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... 510 510
Transfer Electronic System for Travel Authorization
receipts to International Trade
Administration ����������������������������������������������� ......... –162 –171 –178 –185 –193 –200 –208 –215 –223 –230 –889 –1,965
Provide paid parental leave benefits ����������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... –916 –962 –971 –1,158 –1,264 –1,365 –1,459 –1,878 –8,095
Establish an Unemployment Insurance (UI)
solvency standard ������������������������������������������ ......... ......... ......... –758 –1,894 –2,568 –1,045 –1,833 –1,072 –1,488 –2,254 –5,220 –12,912
Improve UI program integrity ��������������������������� ......... ......... 4 8 23 42 86 57 81 102 132 77 535
Provide for Reemployment Services and Eligibility
Assessments ������������������������������������������ ......... ......... –1 ......... 18 89 238 269 229 264 284 106 1,390
Reform Air Traffic Control ��������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... 14,391 14,976 15,627 16,382 17,302 18,073 18,881 29,367 115,632
Reform Essential Air Service ���������������������������� ......... ......... ......... ......... 129 130 132 133 134 136 137 259 931
Authority for Bureau of Engraving and Printing
to construct new facility �������������������������� ......... –15 –74 –3 5 –314 5 14 3 165 –494 –401 –708
Reform inland waterways financing ����������������� ......... –108 –107 –106 –105 –104 –103 –103 –101 –100 –100 –530 –1,037
Increase employee contributions to 50% of cost
with 6-year phase-in (1% per year) ��������������� ......... –1,719 –3,227 –4,810 –6,372 –7,959 –9,537 –9,568 –9,599 –9,624 –9,640 –24,087 –72,055
Repeal and replace Obamacare ������������������������� ......... 55,000 60,000 85,000 100,000 105,000 115,000 120,000 120,000 120,000 120,000 405,000 1,000,000
Require Social Security Number (SSN) for
Child Tax Credit & Earned Income Tax
Credit �������������������������������������������������������������� ......... –298 –1,176 –1,194 –1,228 –1,261 –1,313 –1,381 –1,455 –1,526 –1,618 –5,157 –12,450
Offset overlapping unemployment and disability
payments ���������������������������������������������������� ......... ......... ......... 1 3 7 13 18 23 46 36 11 147
Increase oversight of paid tax return preparers ��� ......... –12 –18 –20 –22 –24 –27 –29 –32 –36 –39 –96 –259
Provide more flexible authority for the IRS to
address correctable errors ����������������������������� ......... –5 –10 –11 –11 –12 –13 –13 –14 –15 –15 –49 –119
Reform the medical liability system ����������������� ......... –24 –222 –545 –982 –1,468 –2,054 –2,666 –3,053 –3,261 –3,444 –3,241 –17,719
Eliminate allocations to the Housing Trust
Fund and Capital Magnet Fund ������������������� ......... –75 –79 –96 –110 –117 –122 –126 –129 –131 –134 –477 –1,120
Total receipt effects of mandatory proposals ��� ......... 52,766 54,843 77,068 102,649 105,233 115,688 119,757 120,810 120,987 120,015 392,559 989,815
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:03

Table S–7. Proposed Discretionary Caps for 2018 Budget
(Net budget authority in billions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2027
Current Law Base Caps: 1
Defense ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 551 549 562 576 590 605 620 636 652 668 685 6,144
Non-Defense �������������������������������������������������������������� 519 516 530 543 556 570 584 599 614 629 645 5,784
Total, Base Current Law Caps �������������������������������� 1,070 1,065 1,092 1,119 1,146 1,174 1,204 1,234 1,266 1,298 1,331 11,928
Proposed Base Cap Changes: 2
Defense ������������������������������������������������������������������ +25 +54 +54 +53 +52 +50 +49 +47 +45 +44 +42 +489
Non-Defense ����������������������������������������������������������� –15 –54 –77 –99 –121 –144 –167 –190 –213 –236 –260 –1,559
Total, Base Cap Changes ������������������������������������ +10 +* –23 –46 –69 –93 –118 –142 –168 –193 –219 –1,070
Proposed Base Caps:
Defense 3 ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 576 603 616 629 642 655 669 683 697 712 727 6,633
Non-Defense �������������������������������������������������������������� 504 462 453 444 435 426 417 409 401 393 385 4,225
Total, Base Caps ��������������������������������������������������������� 1,080 1,065 1,069 1,073 1,077 1,081 1,086 1,092 1,098 1,105 1,112 10,858
Additional Non-Defense (NDD) Cap Reductions for Budget Proposals: 4
Air Traffic Control Reform ������������������������������������ ......... ......... ......... ......... –10 –10 –10 –10 –10 –10 –10 –73
Federal Employee Retirement
Cost Share Reduction ���������������������������������������� ......... ......... –7 –7 –8 –8 –9 –8 –8 –8 –7 –70
Total, Proposed NDD Cap Reductions �������������� ......... ......... –7 –7 –18 –19 –19 –19 –18 –18 –18 –143
Proposed Base Caps with Additional NDD Adjustments:
Defense 3 ��������������������������������������������������������������������� 576 603 616 629 642 655 669 683 697 712 727 6,633
Non-Defense �������������������������������������������������������������� 504 462 446 437 417 407 398 390 383 375 367 4,082
Total, Proposed Base Caps �������������������������������������� 1,080 1,065 1,062 1,066 1,059 1,062 1,067 1,073 1,080 1,087 1,094 10,715
Cap Adjustments: 5
Overseas Contingency Operations 6 ������������������������� 89 77 60 43 26 12 12 12 12 12 12 278
Defense ������������������������������������������������������������������� 70 65 52 39 24 10 10 10 10 10 10 240
Non-Defense ����������������������������������������������������������� 19 12 8 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 38
Emergency Requirements ���������������������������������������� 3 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Program Integrity ����������������������������������������������������� 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 20
Disaster Relief 7 ��������������������������������������������������������� 8 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 68
Total, Cap Adjustments �������������������������������������������� 101 85 69 52 35 21 21 21 21 21 21 365
Total, Discretionary Budget Authority ���������������� 1,181 1,150 1,131 1,117 1,093 1,083 1,088 1,094 1,101 1,108 1,115 11,080
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 41
Table S–7. Proposed Discretionary Caps for 2018 Budget—Continued
(Net budget authority in billions of dollars)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Totals
2018-
2027
Memorandum—Appropriations Counted Outside of Discretionary Caps:
21st Century Cures Appropriations 8 ������������������������ 1 1 1 1 * 1 1 * * * ......... 5
Non-BBEDCA Emergency Funding 9 ������������������������ –* –5 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... –5
* $500 million or less.
1 The caps presented here are equal to the levels estimated for 2017 through 2021 in the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (BBEDCA) with
separate categories of funding for “defense” (or Function 050) and “non-defense” programs. The 2017 caps were revised in the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 and the 2018
through 2021 caps include OMB estimates of Joint Committee enforcement (also known as “sequestration”). For 2022 through 2027, programs are assumed to grow at
current services growth rates consistent with current law.
2 The Administration proposed in its March 16 Blueprint an increase in the existing defense caps for 2017 and 2018 that is offset with decreases to the non-defense caps.
One-half of the 2017 increase ($5 billion of which is classified as Overseas Contingency Operations) is paid for out of non-defense in 2017 while the entire increase in 2018
is paid for out of non-defense. After 2018, the Budget proposes caps through 2027 that reflect an annual 2.1 percent increase for defense programs and an annual two percent
(or “2-penny”) decrease for non-defense programs.
3 The defense base cap estimates for 2019-2027 reflect inflated 2018 levels, not a policy judgment. The Administration will determine 2019-2027 defense funding levels in
the 2019 Budget, in accordance with the National Security Strategy, National Defense Strategy, and Nuclear Posture Review that are currently under development.
4 These cap reductions are for reforms in the Budget that would shift the Federal Aviation Administration’s air traffic control function to an independent, non-governmental
organization beginning in 2021 and reduce Federal agency costs through changes to current civilian employee retirement plans.
5 The funding amounts below are cap adjustments that are designated pursuant to Section 251(b)(2) of BBEDCA.
6 The outyear amounts for OCO in the 2018 Budget reflect notional placeholders consistent with a potential transition of certain OCO costs into the base budget while continuing
to fund contingency operations. The placeholder amounts do not reflect specific decisions or assumptions about OCO funding in any particular year.
7 “Disaster Relief” appropriations are amounts designated as such by the Congress provided they are for activities carried out pursuant to a determination under the
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. These amounts are held to a funding ceiling that is determined one year at a time and OMB currently
estimates the 2018 ceiling to be at $7.4 billion. The Administration is requesting $6.8 billion in 2018, but does not explicitly request disaster-designated appropriations in
any year after the budget year. A placeholder set at the budget year request level is included in each of the outyears.
8 The 21st Century Cures Act permitted funds to be appropriated each year and not counted towards the discretionary caps so long as the appropriations were specifically
provided for the authorized purposes. These amounts are displayed outside of the discretionary totals for this reason and the levels included through the budget window
reflect authorized levels.
9 The 2018 Budget includes a permanent cancellation of balances of emergency funding in the Department of Energy that were not designated pursuant to BBEDCA. These
cancellations are not being re-designated as emergency; therefore no savings are being achieved under the caps nor will the caps be adjusted for these cancellations.
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:03

able S–8. 2018 Discretionary Overview by Major Agency
(Net budget authority in billions of dollars)
2017
Estimate 1,2
2018
Request 2
2018 Request less
2017 Estimate
Dollar Percent
Base Discretionary Funding:
Cabinet Departments:
Agriculture 3 ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 22.7 18.0 –4.6 –20.5%
Commerce �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9.2 7.8 –1.5 –15.8%
Defense: 1
CR/Enacted for 2017 ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 521.8 574.5 +52.8 +10.1%
Adjustment for March Defense Request for 2017 �������������������������������������������������������� 27.4 ......... –27.4 N/A
Total, Defense Policy ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 549.1 574.5 +25.4 +4.6%
Education ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 68.2 59.0 –9.2 –13.5%
Energy ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 29.7 28.0 –1.7 –5.6%
National Nuclear Security Administration ����������������������������������������������������������������� 12.5 13.9 +1.4 +11.4%
Other Energy ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 17.2 14.1 –3.1 –18.0%
Health and Human Services 4 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 78.0 65.3 –12.7 –16.2%
Homeland Security (DHS):
DHS excluding 2017 Border Request ��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 41.3 44.1 +2.8 +6.8%
March Border Security Request for 2017 1 �������������������������������������������������������������������� 3.0 ......... –3.0 N/A
Housing and Urban Development (HUD):
HUD gross total (excluding receipts) ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 46.9 40.7 –6.2 –13.2%
HUD receipts ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� –13.2 –9.5 +3.7 N/A
Interior ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 13.2 11.7 –1.4 –10.9%
Justice (DOJ):
DOJ program level (excluding offsets) ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28.8 27.7 –1.1 –3.8%
DOJ mandatory spending changes (CHIMPs) ������������������������������������������������������������� –11.8 –11.3 +0.5 N/A
Labor ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 12.1 9.7 –2.4 –19.8%
State and Other International Programs 3 ���������������������������������������������������������������������� 39.7 28.2 –11.5 –29.1%
Transportation ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 18.6 16.2 –2.4 –12.7%
Treasury:
Treasury program level (excluding offsets) ������������������������������������������������������������������ 12.6 12.1 –0.5 –4.1%
Treasury mandatory spending changes (CHIMPs) ������������������������������������������������������ –0.9 –0.9 ......... N/A
Veterans Affairs ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 74.5 78.8 +4.3 +5.8%
Major Agencies:
Corps of Engineers ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 6.0 5.0 –1.0 –16.3%
Environmental Protection Agency ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8.2 5.7 –2.6 –31.4%
General Services Administration ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.2 0.5 +0.3 N/A
National Aeronautics and Space Administration ������������������������������������������������������������ 19.2 19.1 –0.2 –0.8%
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 43
Table S–8. 2018 Discretionary Overview by Major Agency—Continued
(Net budget authority in billions of dollars)
2017
Estimate 1,2
2018
Request 2
2018 Request less
2017 Estimate
Dollar Percent
National Science Foundation �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 7.4 6.7 –0.8 –10.7%
Small Business Administration ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.9 0.8 –* –4.9%
Social Security Administration 4 ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 9.0 9.1 +* +0.3%
Other Agencies ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 20.4 17.9 –2.6 –12.5%
2017 Allowance 1 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� –13.6 ......... +13.6 N/A
Subtotal, Discretionary Base Budget Authority ������������������������������������������������������������ 1,079.6 1,065.0 –14.6 –1.4%
Cap Adjustment Funding:
Overseas Contingency Operations:
Defense: 1
CR/Enacted for 2017 ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 65.0 64.6 –0.4 –0.6%
Adjustment for March Defense Request for 2017 �������������������������������������������������������� 4.7 ......... –4.7 N/A
Total, Defense Policy ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 69.7 64.6 –5.1 –7.3%
Homeland Security ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.2 ......... –0.2 –100.0%
State and Other International Programs ������������������������������������������������������������������������ 19.2 12.0 –7.2 –37.4%
Subtotal, Overseas Contingency Operations ����������������������������������������������������������������������� 89.0 76.6 –12.4 –14.0%
Emergency Requirements:
Agriculture ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 0.2 ......... –0.2 N/A
Housing and Urban Development ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 0.4 ......... –0.4 N/A
Transportation ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 1.0 ......... –1.0 N/A
Corps of Engineers ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 1.0 ......... –1.0 N/A
National Aeronautics and Space Administration ������������������������������������������������������������ 0.1 ......... –0.1 N/A
Subtotal, Emergency Requirements ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 2.7 ......... –2.7 N/A
Program Integrity:
Health and Human Services �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.4 0.4 +0.1 +17.3%
Social Security Administration ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1.2 1.5 +0.3 +26.8%
Subtotal, Program Integrity ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1.5 1.9 +0.4 +24.5%
Disaster Relief: 5
Homeland Security ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6.7 6.8 +0.1 +1.2%
Housing and Urban Development ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 1.4 ......... –1.4 N/A
Subtotal, Disaster Relief ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8.1 6.8 –1.3 –16.4%
Subtotal, Cap Adjustment Funding ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 101.4 85.3 –16.1 –15.9%
Total, Discretionary Budget Authority ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 1,181.0 1,150.3 –30.7 –2.6%
44 SUMMARY TABLES
Table S–8. 2018 Discretionary Overview by Major Agency—Continued
(Net budget authority in billions of dollars)
2017
Estimate 1,2
2018
Request 2
2018 Request less
2017 Estimate
Dollar Percent
Memorandum - Appropriations Counted Outside of Discretionary Caps:
21st Century Cures Appropriations: 6
Health and Human Services ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 0.9 1.1 +0.2 +21.1%
Non-BBEDCA Emergency Appropriations:
Agriculture ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� –* ......... +* N/A
Energy 7 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ......... –4.7 –4.7 N/A
* $50 million or less.
1 At the time the 2018 Budget was prepared, 2017 appropriations remained incomplete and the 2017 column reflects at the account level enacted
full-year and continuing appropriations provided under the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2017 (Division C of Public Law 114-223,
as amended by Division A of Public Law 114-254 and amended further by Public Law 115-30) that expired on May 5. In addition, the levels
are adjusted to illustratively reflect the current law caps for 2017 and the Administration’s March 16 request for additional appropriations
for defense and border security, which are included with the levels shown for the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security.
The 2017 levels include a further allowance adjustment to reflect the reductions to non-defense programs proposed by the Administration.
2 Enacted, continuing, and proposed changes in mandatory programs (CHIMPs) are included in both 2017 and 2018.
3 Funding for Food for Peace Title II Grants is included in the State and Other International Programs total. Although the funds are appropriated
to the Department of Agriculture, the funds are administered by the U.S. Agency for International Development.
4 Funding from the Hospital Insurance and Supplementary Medical Insurance trust funds for administrative expenses incurred by the
Social Security Administration that support the Medicare program are included in the Health and Human Services total and not in the
Social Security Administration total.
5 “Disaster Relief” appropriations are amounts designated by the Congress provided they are for activities carried out pursuant to a determination
under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. These amounts are held to a funding ceiling that is
determined one year at a time and OMB currently estimates the 2018 ceiling to be at $7.4 billion. The Administration is requesting $6.8
billion in 2018.
6 The 21st Century Cures Act permitted funds to be appropriated each year for certain activities and not counted toward the discretionary
caps so long as the appropriations were specifically provided for the authorized purposes. These amounts are displayed outside of the
discretionary totals for this reason.
7 The 2018 Budget proposes to eliminate the Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program and the Advanced Technology Vehicles
Manufacturing Loan Program in the Department of Energy. This proposal includes a permanent cancellation of most of the remaining
balances of emergency funding that were not designated pursuant to BBEDCA. These cancellations are not being re-designated as
emergency; therefore no savings are being achieved under the caps nor will the caps be adjusted for these cancellations.
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:04

Table S–9. Economic Assumptions 1
(Calendar years)
Actual Projections
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Gross Domestic Product (GDP):
Nominal level, billions of dollars ������������������������������������������ 18,037 18,566 19,367 20,237 21,197 22,253 23,379 24,563 25,806 27,111 28,483 29,924 31,439
Percent change, nominal GDP, year/year ����������������������������� 3.7 2.9 4.3 4.5 4.7 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Real GDP, percent change, year/year ����������������������������������� 2.6 1.6 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Real GDP, percent change, Q4/Q4 ���������������������������������������� 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
GDP chained price index, percent change, year/year ���������� 1.1 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Consumer Price Index, 2 percent change, year/year ������ 0.1 1.3 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Interest rates, percent: 3
91-day Treasury bills 4 ����������������������������������������������������������� * 0.3 0.8 1.5 2.1 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
10-year Treasury notes ��������������������������������������������������������� 2.1 1.8 2.7 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Unemployment rate, civilian, percent 3 ���������������������������� 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
* 0.05 percent or less.
Note: A more detailed table of economic assumptions appears in Chapter 2, “Economic Assumptions and Interactions with the Budget,” in the Analytical Perspectives volume
of the Budget.
1 Based on information available as of early March, 2017.
2 Seasonally adjusted CPI for all urban consumers.
3 Annual average.
4 Average rate, secondary market (bank discount basis).
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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:04

able S–10. Federal Government Financing and Debt
(Dollar amounts in billions)
Actual
2016
Estimate
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Financing:
Unified budget deficit/surplus (–):
Primary deficit/surplus (–) ���������������������������������������������������� 345 326 125 155 60 –25 –87 –249 –386 –438 –518 –654
Net interest ��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 240 276 315 371 428 481 528 567 595 613 629 639
Unified budget deficit/surplus (–) ������������������������������������� 585 603 440 526 488 456 442 319 209 176 110 –16
As a percent of GDP ������������������������������������������������������ 3.2% 3.1% 2.2% 2.5% 2.2% 2.0% 1.8% 1.3% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4% –0.1%
Other transactions affecting borrowing from the public:
Changes in financial assets and liabilities: 1
Change in Treasury operating cash balance ������������������� 155 –3 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Net disbursements of credit financing accounts:
Direct loan and Troubled Asset Relief Program
(TARP) equity purchase accounts ���������������������������� 83 67 88 81 68 65 61 61 60 60 58 55
Guaranteed loan accounts �������������������������������������������� 16 –9 2 –1 –2 –5 –7 –9 –5 –5 –5 –4
Net purchases of non-Federal securities by the National
Railroad Retirement Investment Trust (NRRIT) �������� * –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –*
Net change in other financial assets and liabilities 2 ������ 213 ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... ......... .........
Subtotal, changes in financial assets and liabilities ��� 467 54 90 79 64 59 53 51 54 54 52 50
Seigniorage on coins �������������������������������������������������������������� –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1 –1
Total, other transactions affecting borrowing from the
public ������������������������������������������������������������������������� 466 54 89 78 64 59 52 51 54 54 52 50
Total, requirement to borrow from the public
(equals change in debt held by the public) ������ 1,051 656 529 604 552 515 494 369 263 229 162 34
Changes in Debt Subject to Statutory Limitation:
Change in debt held by the public �������������������������������������������� 1,051 656 529 604 552 515 494 369 263 229 162 34
Change in debt held by Government accounts ������������������������ 368 159 210 142 112 96 39 54 76 * –20 –140
Change in other factors ������������������������������������������������������������ 6 1 2 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 2
Total, change in debt subject to statutory limitation ���������� 1,425 816 740 749 666 613 535 426 341 230 143 –104
Debt Subject to Statutory Limitation, End of Year:
Debt issued by Treasury ����������������������������������������������������������� 19,513 20,328 21,067 21,815 22,479 23,091 23,625 24,049 24,389 24,620 24,763 24,658
Adjustment for discount, premium, and coverage 3 ����������������� 25 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 36 36 36 37
Total, debt subject to statutory limitation 4 ������������������������� 19,538 20,355 21,095 21,844 22,510 23,123 23,658 24,084 24,425 24,656 24,799 24,695
Debt Outstanding, End of Year:
Gross Federal debt: 5
Debt issued by Treasury ������������������������������������������������������� 19,513 20,328 21,067 21,815 22,479 23,091 23,625 24,049 24,389 24,620 24,763 24,658
Debt issued by other agencies ���������������������������������������������� 26 27 26 25 24 23 23 21 20 19 19 18
Total, gross Federal debt ��������������������������������������������������� 19,539 20,354 21,093 21,840 22,503 23,114 23,647 24,071 24,410 24,639 24,781 24,676
As a percent of GDP ������������������������������������������������������ 106.1% 106.2% 105.4% 104.3% 102.4% 100.1% 97.5% 94.4% 91.2% 87.6% 83.8% 79.5%
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 47
Table S–10. Federal Government Financing and Debt—Continued
(Dollar amounts in billions)
Actual
2016
Estimate
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
Held by:
Debt held by Government accounts ������������������������������������� 5,372 5,531 5,740 5,883 5,994 6,090 6,130 6,184 6,260 6,260 6,240 6,101
Debt held by the public 6 ������������������������������������������������������� 14,168 14,824 15,353 15,957 16,509 17,024 17,517 17,887 18,150 18,379 18,541 18,575
As a percent of GDP ���������������������������������������������������������� 77.0% 77.4% 76.7% 76.2% 75.1% 73.7% 72.2% 70.2% 67.8% 65.3% 62.7% 59.8%
Debt Held by the Public Net of Financial Assets:
Debt held by the public ������������������������������������������������������������� 14,168 14,824 15,353 15,957 16,509 17,024 17,517 17,887 18,150 18,379 18,541 18,575
Less financial assets net of liabilities:
Treasury operating cash balance ����������������������������������������� 353 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350
Credit financing account balances:
Direct loan and TARP equity purchase accounts ������������ 1,227 1,294 1,383 1,464 1,532 1,597 1,658 1,719 1,779 1,839 1,897 1,952
Guaranteed loan accounts ������������������������������������������������ 28 18 20 19 17 12 5 –4 –9 –14 –19 –23
Government-sponsored enterprise preferred stock ������������� 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109 109
Non-Federal securities held by NRRIT �������������������������������� 24 24 22 21 20 19 18 17 17 16 16 15
Other assets net of liabilities ����������������������������������������������� –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42 –42
Total, financial assets net of liabilities ���������������������������� 1,699 1,753 1,842 1,921 1,985 2,045 2,097 2,149 2,203 2,257 2,310 2,360
Debt held by the public net of financial assets ������������ 12,469 13,071 13,511 14,036 14,524 14,979 15,420 15,738 15,947 16,122 16,232 16,215
As a percent of GDP �������������������������������������������������� 67.7% 68.2% 67.5% 67.0% 66.1% 64.9% 63.6% 61.7% 59.5% 57.3% 54.9% 52.2%
* $500 million or less.
1 A decrease in the Treasury operating cash balance (which is an asset) is a means of financing a deficit and therefore has a negative sign. An increase in checks outstanding
(which is a liability) is also a means of financing a deficit and therefore also has a negative sign.
2 Includes checks outstanding, accrued interest payable on Treasury debt, uninvested deposit fund balances, allocations of special drawing rights, and other liability accounts;
and, as an offset, cash and monetary assets (other than the Treasury operating cash balance), other asset accounts, and profit on sale of gold.
3 Consists mainly of debt issued by the Federal Financing Bank (which is not subject to limit), the unamortized discount (less premium) on public issues of Treasury notes
and bonds (other than zero-coupon bonds), and the unrealized discount on Government account series securities.
4 The statutory debt limit is approximately $19,809 billion, as increased after March 15, 2017.
5 Treasury securities held by the public and zero-coupon bonds held by Government accounts are almost all measured at sales price plus amortized discount or less amortized
premium. Agency debt securities are almost all measured at face value. Treasury securities in the Government account series are otherwise measured at face value
less unrealized discount (if any).
6 At the end of 2016, the Federal Reserve Banks held $2,463.5 billion of Federal securities and the rest of the public held $11,704.3 billion. Debt held by the Federal Reserve
Banks is not estimated for future years.
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:09

AINSI SOIT JE...

OMB CONTRIBUTORS TO THE 2018 BUDGET
The following personnel contributed to the preparation of this publication.
Hundreds, perhaps thousands,
of others throughout the Government also
deserve credit for their valuable contributions.

A
Andrew Abrams
Chandana L. Achanta
Brenda Aguilar
Natalie Ahinakwa
Ruby Ahmed
Shagufta Ahmed
Steve Aitken
Jason Alleman
Victoria Allred
Lois E. Altoft
Jessica C. Anderson
Jessica A. Andreasen
Analisa Archer
David Armitage
Benton T. Arnett
Anna R. Arroyo
Emily Schultz Askew
Lisa L. August
Renee Austin
Kristin B. Aveille
Anjam Aziz
B
Leah G. Babins
Michelle B. Bacon
Jessie W. Bailey
Ally Pregulman Bain
Coalter Baker
Paul W. Baker
Christian Bale
Carol A. Bales
Pratik S. Banjade
Avital Bar-Shalom
Amy C. Barker
Patti A. Barnett
Jody M. Barringer
Sarah O. Bashadi
Amy Batchelor
Jennifer Wagner Bell
Anna M. Bellantoni
Nathaniel Benjamin
Joseph J. Berger
Elizabeth A. Bernhard
Antonia K. Bernhardt
Jamie Berryhill
Kyle Bibby
Emily R. Bilbao
Christopher Biolsi
Samuel J. Black
Robert B. Blair
Daniel Block
Mathew C. Blum
James Boden
Erin Boeke Burke
Cassie L. Boles
Melissa B. Bomberger
William J. Boyd
Mollie Bradlee
Sean W. T. Branchaw
Michael Branson
Alex M. Brant
Joseph F. Breighner
Julie A. Brewer
Andrea M. Brian
Erik G. Brine
Candice M. Bronack
Jonathan M. Brooks
Dustin S. Brown
Sheila Bruce
Michael T. Brunetto
Robert W. Buccigrossi
Nicole J. Buell
Pearl Buenvenida
Tom D. Bullers
Scott H. Burgess
Ben Burnett
John D. Burnim
Meghan K. Burris
John C. Burton
Nicholas S. Burton
Mark Bussow
Dylan W. Byrd
C
Steve E. Cahill
Gregory J. Callanan
Eric Cardoza
Matthew B. Carney
Kerrie Carr
J. Kevin Carroll
William S. S. Carroll
Scott D. Carson
Sean C. Casey
Mary Cassell
James Chase
Nida Chaudhary
Michael Chelen
Anita Chellaraj
Yungchih Chen
Gezime Christian
Michael Clark
Angela Colamaria
William P. Cole
Victoria W. Collin
Debra M. Collins
Kelly T. Colyar
Jose A. Conde
David Connolly
Daniel Consigili
Sara A. Cortez
Drew W. Cramer
Catherine E. Crato
Tyler Overstreet Cromer
Rose Crow
Juliana Crump
Craig Crutchfield
David M. Cruz-Glaudemans
Lily Cuk
C. Tyler Curtis
William Curtis
Charles R. Cutshall
Ashley Nathanson Czin
John (CZ) Czwartacki
D
Veronica Daigle
Nadir Dalal
D. Michael Daly
Rody Damis
Neil B. Danberg
Charlie Dankert
Kristy L. Daphnis
Alexander J. Daumit
Joanne Chow Davenport
Kenneth L. Davis
Chad J. Day
Brandon F. DeBruhl
Tasha M. Demps
Paul J. Denaro
Catherine A. Derbes
Chris J. DeRusha
John H. Dick
Darbi S. Dillon
Julie Allen Dingley
Angela M. Donatelli
Paul S. Donohue
Vladik Dorjets
Anjelica B. Dortch
Emma Doyle
Lisa Cash Driskill
Laura E. Duke
Carolyn Dula-Wilson
E
Matthew C. Eanes
Jacqueline A. Easley
Kathryn Edelman
Jeanette Edwards
Emily M. Eelman
Claire Ehmann
Anthony J. Eleftherion
Jeffrey M. Elkin
Christopher J. Elliott
Tonya L. Ellison-Mays
Michelle Enger

OMB CONTRIBUTORS TO THE 2018 BUDGET
The following personnel contributed
to the preparation of this publication.
Hundreds, perhaps thousands,
of others throughout
the Government also deserve
credit for their valuable contributions.
50 OMB Contributors to the 2018 Budget

Diana F. Epstein
Neal R. Erickson
Edward V. Etzkorn
F
Farnoosh Faezi-Marian
Robert Fairweather
Ladan Fakory
Edna Falk Curtin
Michael C. Falkenheim
Hunter Fang
Kara L. Farley-Cahill
Christine E.
Farquharson
Kira R. Fatherree
Christopher M. Felix
Russell Ficken
Lesley A. Field
Mary S. Fischietto
E Holly Fitter
John J. Fitzpatrick
Tana Fitzpatrick
Darlene B. Fleming
Carolyn Fleming-
Williams
Nicholas A. Fraser
Jeffrey K. Freeland
G
Andrew J. Galkowski
Arianne J. Gallagher
Ryan J. Galloway
Christopher D.
Gamache
Mar Gamboa
Amy T. Gao
Mathias A. Gardner
Marc Garufi
Thomas O. Gates
Roy J. Gelfand
Emily R. Gentile
Paul A. Gill
Brian Gillis
Janelle R. Gingold
Joshua S. Glazer
Andrea L. Goel
Ja’Cia D. Goins
Jeffrey D. Goldstein
Anthony A. Gonzalez
Oscar Gonzalez
Margie Graves
John W. Gray
Robert A. Green
Aron Greenberg
Brandon H. Greene
Justin M. Grimes
Hester C. Grippando
Joe Grogan
Stephanie Grosser
Andrea L. Grossman
H
Michael B. Hagan
Tia Hall
William F. Hamele
Daniel Hanlon
Brian Hanson
Jennifer L. Hanson
Linda W. Hardin
Dionne Hardy
Melanie Harris
Deidre A. Harrison
Paul Harvey
Alyson M. Hatchett
Kyle Hathaway
Laurel S. Havas
Nora K. Hawkins
Nichole M. Hayden
Mark Hazelgren
Noreen Hecmanczuk
John David Henson
Kevin W. Herms
Lindsay Herron
Jim Herz
David G. Hester
Alexander G.
Hettinger
Gretchen T. Hickey
Michael J. Hickey
Amanda M. Hill
Andrew D. Hire
Tom Hitter
Jennifer E. Hoef
Adam Hoffberg
Stuart Hoffman
Trent W. Holbrook
Troy Holland
Brian C. Holloway
James S. Holm
Kristen T. Honey
Lynette Hornung
Carole House
Rory C. Howe
Grace Hu
Jamie W. Huang
Kathy M. Hudgins
Alexander T. Hunt
Lorraine D. Hunt
James C. Hurban
Veta P. Hurst
I
Adrian B. Ilagan
Tae H. Im
Mason C. Ingram
Janet E. Irwin
J
Brian M. Jacob
Manish Jain
Varun M. Jain
Carol Jenkins
Carol Johnson
Michael D. Johnson
Danielle Y. Jones
Denise Bray Jones
Lisa M. Jones
Othni A. Jones
Thomas J. Jones
Hee Jun
K
Paul A. Kagan
Sandra Kalmus
Daniel S. Kaneshiro
Jacob H. Kaplan
Regina L. Kearney
Daniel J. Keenaghan
Matthew J. Keeneth
Hunter S. Kellett
Nancy B. Kenly
Alper A. Kerman
Saha Khaterzai
Shubha Khot
Paul E. Kilbride
Emily C. Kilcrease
Rachael Y. Kim
Barry King
Emily C. King
Kelly A. Kinneen
David E. Kirkpatrick
Benjamin W. Klay
Robert T. Klein
Chloe Kontos
Andrea G. Korovesis
Kathy Kraninger
Lori A. Krauss
Kristen L. Kruger
Steven B. Kuennen
Joydip Kundu
L
Christopher D. LaBaw
Leonard L. Lainhart
James A. Laity
Lawrence L. Lambert
Daniel LaPlaca
Anthony Larkins
Derek B. Larson
Eric P. Lauer
Jessie L. LaVine
Matthew J. Lawrence
Suzette Lawson
Christopher Leach
Jessica Lee
Karen F. Lee
Susan E. Leetmaa
Bryan León
Annika N. Lescott
Kerrie Leslie
Stuart Levenbach
Malissa C. Levesque
Sheila Lewis
Wendy L. Liberante
Richard Alan
Lichtenberger
Kristina E. Lilac
Erika Liliedahl
Adam Lipton
Joseph M. Liss
Tsitsi Liywalii
Patrick Locke
Sara R. López
Alexander W. Louie
Adrienne Lucas
Gideon F. Lukens
M
Chi T. Mac
Ryan MacMaster
Claire A. Mahoney
Dominic J. Mancini
Noah S. Mann
Sharon Mar
Celinda A. Marsh
Lexi Marten
Brendan A. Martin
Shelly McAllister
THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018 51
George H. McArdle
Alexander J.
McClelland
Connor G. McCrone
Timothy D. McCrosson
Anthony W. McDonald
Christine A. McDonald
Katrina A. McDonald
Renford A. McDonald
Kevin E. McGinnis
Kevin J. McKernin
Charlie E. McKiver
Moutray McLaren
William M. McLaren
Robin J. McLaughry
Megan B. McPhaden
William J. McQuaid
William J. Mea
Melissa R. Medeiros
Inna L. Melamed
Patrick J. Mellon
Barbara A. Menard
Flavio Menasce
Jose A. Mendez
P. Thaddeus
Messenger
Todd Messer
William L. Metzger
Daniel J. Michelson-
Horowitz
Julie L. Miller
Kimberly Miller
Susan M. Minson
Asma Mirza
Mia Mitchell
Rehana I. Mohammed
Emily A. Mok
Claire Monteiro
Joe Montoni
Zachary Morgan
Kelly Morrison
Joshua A. Moses
James S. Mulligan
Mick Mulvaney
Christian G. Music
Hayley W. Myers
Kimberley L Myers
N
Jennifer M. Nading
Jeptha E. Nafziger
Larry J. Nagl
Anna M. Naimark
Barry Napear
Robert Nassif
Kimberly P. Nelson
Melissa K. Neuman
Joanie F. Newhart
Kimberly Armstrong
Newman
Anthony (Tony)
Nguyen
Teresa O. Nguyen
Brian A. Nichols
Tige Nishimoto
Douglas E. Nivens, II
Ross Nodurft
Tim H. Nusraty
Joseph B. Nye
O
Erin O’Brien
Matthew J. O’Kane
Brendan J. O’Meara
Jared Ostermiller
P
Benjamin J. Page
Heather C. Pajak
Jennifer Park
John C. Pasquantino
Neal A. Patel
Tarlika Patel
Terri B. Payne
Marcus Peacock
Falisa L. Peoples-Tittle
Michael A. Perz
David B. Peterson
Andrea M. Petro
Stephen P. Petzinger
Stacey Que-Chi Pham
Carolyn R. Phelps
Karen A. Pica
Kailey Pickitt
Brian K. Pipa
Joseph Pipan
Mark J. Pomponio
Ruxandra Pond
Nancy Potok
Celestine Michelle
Pressley
Larrimer S. Prestosa
Jamie M. Price
Daniel Proctor
Rob Purdy
Rob Pyron
R
Lucas R. Radzinschi
Latonda Glass Raft
Christopher P. Rahaim
Moshiur Rahman
Maria S. Raphael
Aaron D. Ray
Alex Reed
Meagan E. Reed
Mark A. Reger
Rudolph G. Regner
Paul B. Rehmus
Sean C. Reilly
Thomas M. Reilly
Bryant D. Renaud
Hubbard A. Rhea
Keri A. Rice
Shannon A. Richter
Kyle S. Riggs
Emma K. Roach
Amanda Robbins
Beth Higa Roberts
Kelly M. Roberts
Donovan Robinson
Marshall J. Rodgers
Meredith B. Romley
Eric Rosenfield
Jefferson Rosman
David J. Rowe
Mario Roy
Jaqueline Rudas
Erika H. Ryan
S
Fouad P. Saad
John Asa Saldivar
Alvand A. Salehi
Cesar Xicotencatl
Sanchez
Mark S. Sandy
Tricia Schmitt
Daniel K. Schory
Nancy E. Schwartz
Mariarosaria
Sciannameo
Jasmeet K. Seehra
Robert B. Seidner
Douglas Sellers
Shahid N. Shah
Shabnam
Sharbatoghlie
Dianne Shaughnessy
Sanchez M. Shaun
Paul Shawcross
David Shorkrai
Gary F. Shortencarrier
Sara R. Sills
Samantha E.
Silverberg
Robert Sivinski
Benjamin J. Skidmore
Jonathan Slemrod
Jack Smalligan
Curtina O. Smith
Stannis M. Smith
Rachel B. Snyderman
Erica Socker
Silvana Solano
Roderic A. Solomon
Amanda R.K. Sousan
Rebecca L. Spavins
Raquel A. Spencer
Sarah Whittle Spooner
Linda Springer
Travis Stalcup
Scott R. Stambaugh
Nora Stein
Lamar R. Stewart
Gary R. Stofko
Terry W. Stratton
Joseph G. Stuntz
Frank Sturges
Thomas J. Suarez
Kathy L. Suber
Alec J Sugarman
Joseph Lee Suh
Kevin J. Sullivan
Jessica L. Sun
Christina Swoope
Katherine M. Sydor
Aaron L. Szabo
T
Jamie R. Taber
John Tambornino
Naomi S. Taransky
Joseph Tawney
Myra L. Taylor
Emma K. Tessier
Amanda L. Thomas
Payton A. Thomas
Will Thomas
52 OMB Contributors to the 2018 Budget
Rich Thoreau
Philip Tizzani
Thomas Tobasko
Gia Tonic
Mariel E. Townsend
Gil M. Tran
Donald L. Tuck
Austin Turner
Benjamin J. Turpen
U
Nicholas Ufier
Shraddha A.
Upadhyaya
Darrell J. Upshaw
Taylor J. Urbanski
Euler V. Uy
V
Matthew J. Vaeth
Cynthia Vallina
Haley Van Dyck
Sarita Vanka
Areletha L. Venson
Alexandra Ventura
Patricia A. Vinkenes
Dean R. Vonk
Russ Vought
Ann M. Vrabel
W
James A. Wade
Brett Waite
Heather V. Walsh
Kan Wang
Tim Wang
Gary Waxman
Bess M. Weaver
Jeffrey A. Weinberg
David Weisshaar
Nathan Wells
Philip R. Wenger
Max W. West
Steve Wetzel
Arnette C. White
Ashley M. White
Catherine E. White
Kamela White
Kim S. White
RaeShawn White
Sherron R. White
Chad S. Whiteman
Katie Whitman
Brian Widuch
Mary Ellen Wiggins
Debra (Debbie) L.
Williams
Michael B. Williams
Jamie S. Wilson
Ron Wilson
Paul A. Winters
Julia B. Wise
Julie Wise
Elizabeth D. Wolkomir
Minzy Won
Raymond J.M. Wong
Charles E.
Worthington
Sophia M. Wright
William Wu
Bert Wyman
Y
Melany N. Yeung
David Y. Yi
Elliot Y. Yoon
Z
Bill Zielinski



Executive Office of the President

DANS LE RESPECT DU RAPPORT PRESIDENTIELLE ET SANS RAJOUT GROSSIER
OU LA MOINDRE MODIFICATION DU RAPPORT ORIGINEL...

AINSI SOIT JE...

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Nombre de messages : 6033
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   Mar 23 Mai à 10:23

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 20 mai
En réponse à @StateDept @POTUS
L'ÂME DES U.S.A EST DE POINTÉ LE POIDS DE L'ÉCONOMIE MONDIALE ET D'ENTENDRE
LES EXPRESSIONS DES MISÉREUX EXPLOITÉS PHYSIQUEMENT DANS LA RUE.

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 20 mai
En réponse à @realDonaldTrump
CELUI D'AFFRONTER LES EXIGENCES DE LA MODERNITÉ ET DE LA PRESSE DANS L'ÉVOLUTION
DES MOEURS,DES ESPRITS ET LA CONSCIENCE: LA CITOYENNETÉ. Y

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 20 mai
En réponse à @StateDept @POTUS
L'ÂME DES U.S.A EST DE POINTÉ LE POIDS DE L'ÉCONOMIE MONDIALE ET D'ENTENDRE
LES EXPRESSIONS DES MISÉREUX EXPLOITÉS PHYSIQUEMENT DANS LA RUE.

Kounaklechat‏ @kounaklechat · 14 mai
LA JALOUSIE NE CONTIENT PAS L'AUDACE MAIS L'AUDACE PEUT SE TRANSFORMER
EN JALOUX: LE TEMPS EST UNE NOTION ET LA NOTION EST UNE FORMULE. TAY

Kounaklechat‏ @kounaklechat · 20 mai
MAGMA: VIE, CHAOS, VIDE, RIEN, INVISIBLE ET TRANSPARENCE. Y
http://leclandesmouettes.bbflash.net/t364-magma-vie-chaos-vide-rien-invisible-et-transparence-y#6041 …
http://la-5ieme-republique.actifforum.com/t357-lepine-dans-la-main-lehava-l-o-l-p-jerusalem-et-y-becca …
INNOCENT

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 19 mai
PRÉSIDENTIELLES IRANIENNE 2017: UN LÉGER SOUPIR TRANSPORTE MON VERBE.
AVEC JOIE ET AVEC CRAINTE, ÊTRE VIGILANT SUR L'ASPECT SISMIQUES. TAY

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 21 mai
En réponse à @Elysee @EmmanuelMacron
LE NÉPAL SE TRANSFORMA DE ROYAUME EN RÉPUBLIQUE, DES NOUVEAUX PONTS
SE CONSTRUISIRENT DANS L'HIMALAYA: L'HÉROÏSME DE KHARTOUM. Y'BECCA. TAY

TIGNARD YANIS‏ @TIGNARDYANIS · 19 mai
ORDRE DANS LA LOUANGE, LOUABLE CONSTRUIT UN NOUVEAU LOUVRE SUR LE MOUVEMENT
DU MOMENT. LE CONSTRUIT SON TEMPS ET LE CITOYEN AFFIRME SON VOTE




















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MessageSujet: Re: A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018   

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A New Foundation For American Greatness, Fiscal Year 2018
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