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yanis la chouette



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MessageSujet: Actualité Sociale   Mar 5 Avr à 2:48

The White House
Valerie Jarrett,Senior Advisor write


Since President Obama entered public service, he’s been driven by a simple belief: in America, if you're willing to work hard and play by the rules, you should be able to get ahead and provide opportunities for your family.

That means you should be able to thrive at work and at home -- and that you shouldn't have to dent your paycheck, or risk losing your job, to be a good mom or dad, or care for your aging parent. And if you’re willing to work full time, you definitely shouldn’t be forced to live in poverty.

That's why the President has repeatedly called on Congress and leaders across our country in the public and private sectors to expand family-friendly workplace policies, such as paid family leave, paid sick days, equal pay for equal work, affordable child care, and a higher minimum wage.

We're thrilled that today, New York State answered the call and took an important step forward for working families when Governor Cuomo signed a budget that included paid family leave and an increase in the minimum wage.

With these measures, New York became the first state to create a paid family leave program since President Obama urged states to take action in 2014, as well as the 18th state to raise its minimum wage since he urged Congress to act in 2013.

The President knows working families cannot wait for Congress to move our country forward. That's why he's made progress on his own by raising the minimum wage for employees of federal contractors, strengthening overtime protections, and protecting employees of federal contractors from being retaliated against by their bosses if they discuss their wages.

Americans shouldn’t need to choose between their families and making ends meet. Thanks to Governor Cuomo’s and the state legislature’s leadership, New Yorkers will now move closer to never having to face that choice, by creating a culture that rewards hard work and empowers families.

I hope you’ll join us in celebrating this accomplishment.

Thanks for everything you do,

Valerie

Valerie Jarrett
Senior Advisor
The White House
@vj44

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'Paleo' Diet May Help Older Women's Hearts, Waistlines
Trendy eating plan may cut cholesterol, disease risks in postmenopausal women, Swedish research suggests
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Sunday, April 3, 2016
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SUNDAY, April 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The so-called Paleo diet may help older women lose weight, improve their cholesterol profile and lower future risk of diabetes and heart disease, a new study has found.

Women experienced these benefits by sticking to the guidelines of the Paleo diet, even though they were not required to restrict their calorie intake, the researchers said.

The study results indicate that the Paleo diet could prove an effective means of battling the obesity epidemic, said lead study author Caroline Blomquist, a doctoral student at Umea University in Sweden.

The findings are scheduled for presentation Sunday at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston. The data and conclusions should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

"Obesity-related disorders have reached pandemic proportions with significant economic burden on a global scale," Blomquist said in a prepared statement. "It is of vital interest to find effective methods to improve metabolic balance."

A Paleo diet requires people to eat foods similar to those available to humans during the Paleolithic period, which dates from 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago, according to the Mayo Clinic. The diet typically includes foods that could be obtained by hunting and gathering -- lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds -- and limits foods that became common with the advent of farming, such as dairy products, grains and legumes.

In this study, Blomquist and her colleagues had 35 postmenopausal women who were obese but had normal blood sugar levels follow a Paleo diet for two years.

The group aimed to consume 30 percent of their daily energy intake from protein, 30 percent from carbohydrates, and 40 percent from fats mainly made up of "good" unsaturated fats.

The diet used in the study included lean meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits, nuts and berries, with rapeseed, olive oils and avocado as additional fat sources. It excluded dairy products, cereals, added salt and refined fats and sugar.

An outside expert noted that the study diet was a modified one that veers slightly from a strict Paleo diet.

"I'm not sure I would say this is a Paleo diet," said Dr. Caroline Apovian, director of the Nutrition and Weight Management Center at Boston Medical Center. "This is more of a cross between a Paleo diet and a Mediterranean diet."

A "control group" of 35 postmenopausal women were asked to follow a low-fat diet consisting of 15 percent protein, 30 percent fat and 55 percent carbohydrates.

After two years, the women eating the Paleo diet reported they had decreased their intake of "bad" saturated fats by 19 percent, while increasing by their intake of monounsaturated fats by 47 percent and their intake of polyunsaturated fats by 71 percent. In comparison, the women on the low-fat diet reported no significant changes in their intake of fats.

Specific fatty acids associated with insulin resistance were significantly lower in the women eating Paleo-type foods compared with those on the prudent control diet.

Both diets, however, resulted in similar -- and significant -- weight loss, the researchers said.

Apovian said it makes sense that the Paleo diet could provide some health benefits.

"You're basically eliminating all processed and simple carbohydrates, which we know is one of the exacerbations or causes of overweight, obesity and insulin resistance," Apovian said.

But the diet could cause some deficiencies in crucial nutrients, said nutritionist Connie Diekman. She is director of university nutrition for Washington University in St. Louis and a former president of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Eliminating all dairy could put calcium, vitamin D and potassium intakes at risk, while cutting back on legumes and whole grains could cause deficiencies in fiber, manganese, magnesium and selenium, said Diekman.

"Avoiding beans and grain foods also makes meeting nutrient needs harder," she said. "The beauty of including all food groups is that, when consumed in proper portions, we can more easily meet nutrient needs. When a food group is skipped, nutrient balance can be impacted."

It also can be difficult for a person to follow a lifestyle diet like Paleo, Diekman added.

"The best advice I would give is to find an eating plan that does two things -- includes the foods that you enjoy and meets your nutrient needs -- and then learn about proper portions," she said.

Apovian also noted another downside to a Paleo diet is that it focuses on foods that are not available to the Americans who need the diet most.

"To the average American and to the lower socioeconomic classes that suffer the most from disease and obesity, they can't do this. It's financially impossible," Apovian said. "Low-income people who need to eat like this, can't. That's the problem in this country."

SOURCES: Caroline Apovian, M.D., director, Nutrition and Weight Management Center, Boston Medical Center; Connie Diekman, M.Ed., RD, director, university nutrition, Washington University in St. Louis, and former president, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; April 3, 2016, presentation, Endocrine Society annual meeting
HealthDay
Copyright (c) 2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.


Dernière édition par yanis la chouette le Mar 5 Avr à 3:10, édité 1 fois
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 5 Avr à 3:07

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking coffee may cut your risk of colon cancer by as much as 50 percent, a new study suggests.

The more you drink, the more you may reduce your risk -- and it makes no difference whether the coffee is regular or decaf, researchers said.

"The protective effect is not caffeine, per se, but probably a lot of other antioxidant ingredients in the coffee that are released in the roasting process," said senior researcher Dr. Gad Rennert. He is director of the Clalit National Israeli Cancer Control Center in Haifa, Israel.

These findings can't prove that coffee reduces the risk of colon cancer, only that coffee is associated with a reduced risk, Rennert said. However, the association appears strong, he added.

"For years we were not sure if coffee was dangerous. Today we have evidence that that's not the case, that actually coffee is good for you," he said.

For the study, Rennert's team -- which included researchers at the University of Southern California's Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center -- collected data on more than 5,100 men and women in northern Israel who were diagnosed with colon cancer. These patients were compared with more than 4,000 men and women with no history of colon cancer.

All of the participants reported how much coffee they drank, including espresso, instant, decaffeinated and filtered coffee. They also reported risk factors for colon cancer, such as family history of cancer, diet, physical activity and smoking.

The researchers found that having one to two cups of coffee a day was linked to a 26 percent reduced risk of colon cancer. For those who drank more than 2.5 cups, the risk was reduced by as much as 50 percent, the findings suggested.

The risk for colon cancer seemed lower no matter what type of coffee people drank, Rennert added.

The findings of this study are consistent with other similar studies, said Susan Gapstur, the vice president for epidemiology at the American Cancer Society.

"However, studies that collect information on dietary factors, including coffee, from healthy people and then follow them to see who goes on to develop cancer, do not tend to show a significantly lower risk of colon cancer in coffee drinkers compared with nondrinkers," Gapstur said. "Therefore, the findings of this study should be interpreted with caution."

Dr. Andrew Chan, an associate professor in the department of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston, said, "There is mounting evidence suggesting an association between coffee and lower colon cancer risk."

If the protective agents in coffee could be identified, they might be used to prevent or treat colon cancer, speculated Chan, who is also an associate professor of medicine and gastroenterology at Massachusetts General Hospital.

"In addition, coffee might provide us with some clues about how cancer develops and could help us understand colon cancer in general," he said.

The report was published April 1 in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.

Colon cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in both men and women in the United States. Nearly 5 percent of men and just over 4 percent of women develop the disease over their lifetime.

The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 95,000 cases of colon cancer and 39,000 cases of rectal cancer will be diagnosed this year.

SOURCES: Gad Rennert, M.D., Ph.D., director, Clalit National Israeli Cancer Control Center, Haifa, Israel; Andrew Chan, M.D., M.P.H., associate professor, department of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and associate professor of medicine, gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston; Susan Gapstur, Ph.D., vice president, epidemiology, American Cancer Society; April 1, 2016, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 5 Avr à 3:08

CDC Zika Summit Details Plans to Fight Mosquito-Borne Illness
The primary concern is potential for birth defects, officials say
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Friday, April 1, 2016

FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As the continental United States braces itself for the Zika virus, federal, state and local health officials gathered Friday in Atlanta, to prepare for the upcoming mosquito season.

More than 300 public health experts attended the Zika Action Plan Summit, hosted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and intended to help ensure a coordinated response to the mosquito-borne illness.

The summit focused on monitoring Zika cases, dealing with gaps in local mosquito-control efforts, and making tests available that will let pregnant women know if they have been exposed to Zika, the officials said.

Zika is suspected -- but not proven -- to cause the birth defect microcephaly, which leads to an abnormally small head and brain, as well as miscarriages and a host of other adverse outcomes to the fetus, CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden said during the conference.

"The risk is to pregnant women and the developing fetus, and all of our activities need to be focused on mitigating that risk," Frieden said.

In most other people, Zika infection is relatively harmless and often symptomless.

Leaders at the summit also pressured Congress to pass emergency funding for efforts to fight Zika. President Barack Obama has requested $1.9 billion for Zika response, but lawmakers have yet to act.

Dr. Edward McCabe, chief medical officer of the March of Dimes, said Congress should pass emergency legislation.

"The March of Dimes is very concerned that we have a very narrow window of opportunity, and it will close rapidly," McCabe said. "We have the opportunity to slow the spread of Zika into the United States over the next few months. If we're successful, we could save dozens or even hundreds of infants from being born with devastating birth defects, but we must act now."

White House Deputy Homeland Security Advisor Amy Pope reinforced that sense of urgency.

"As the White House Ebola response coordinator, I know from firsthand experience we cannot wait until we see widespread transmission in the United States before taking steps to prepare," Pope said. "It's just too late at that point."

So far, the only cases of Zika in the mainland United States have been travel-related, involving people who contracted the virus while visiting nations in Central or South America or the Caribbean, where active outbreaks are ongoing. There had been 312 such cases in the United States as of March 30, according to the CDC.

However, the virus is expected to become active in some parts of the southern United States when mosquito season begins in early summer. The Gulf Coast states of Florida, Louisiana and Texas are particularly at risk, the CDC has previously stated.

Right now, the front line of the U.S. fight against Zika is in Puerto Rico, where 325 locally acquired infections have occurred, Frieden said.

At Friday's summit, the CDC offered technical support to states for the development of Zika action plans, so local officials can be prepared to respond if mosquitoes in their area start transmitting the virus from person to person.

There currently is no vaccine or treatment for Zika. So, CDC officials emphasized prevention -- both by controlling mosquito breeding and by protecting against mosquito bites.

Zika is mainly transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which feed primarily on human blood and most often breed in standing water near human dwellings and neighborhoods, according to the CDC.

The Aedes aegypti mosquito doesn't range as far north as the other potential Zika carrier, the Aedes albopictus mosquito, according to maps released by the CDC.

Unfortunately, health officials learned at the summit that the U.S. currently has a patchwork of local mosquito-control efforts.

Some programs are very effective at battling the pests, Frieden said, and others are essentially "the guy who shovels the snow in the winter and does a little bit of fogging in the summer."

State and local officials also will have to deal with the problem of insecticide resistance, Frieden said. Mosquitoes in different areas are resistant to different types of insecticides. So officials will not be able to assume that the bug-killers they have on hand will work against the pests in their areas.

"In Puerto Rico, there was no one pyrethroid that worked on the entire island," Frieden said, referring to a type of insecticide. "That makes mosquito control even more complicated and even more technically challenging, because you have to match the insecticide used to the resistance of the [mosquito] population."

Zika also can be spread through sexual intercourse or blood transmission. There have been six cases of sexual transmission in the United States, all from males to their sex partners. The CDC recommends that men should use condoms for at least six months after travel to areas with active Zika infection.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a new test to screen donated blood for Zika virus, which will help protect the nation's blood supply, said Dr. Nicole Lurie, assistant secretary for preparedness and response at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Federal officials also are working with pharmaceutical companies to develop better tests and potentially even a vaccine for Zika, Lurie said.

In the meantime, the CDC has developed a Zika test intended mainly for pregnant women, and the agency can make available tens of thousands of the tests, Frieden said. The only drawback -- the test can only detect active virus in a woman's blood, not any prior infection that has occurred.

Zika typically has been a mild disease, causing symptoms in only one of every five people infected. The most common symptoms are fever, rash, joint pain and red eyes, the CDC says.

But the virus could pose a serious risk to unborn children. Mounting evidence has shown that some pregnant women infected with Zika have given birth to children with microcephaly. More than 5,000 confirmed or suspected cases have been reported in Brazil.

Zika also has been linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome, an uncommon nervous system illness in which a person's immune system damages the nerve cells, causing muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis, according to the CDC.

Frieden said he wouldn't be surprised if Zika is proven to cause Guillain-Barre syndrome, given that a wide range of bacteria, viruses and other immune system challenges can trigger the syndrome.

"I anticipate that causal connection will be confirmed in the near future," he said.

The CDC offers this advice to protect yourself from Zika infection:

Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, and use insect repellent.
Eliminate all sources of standing water inside and outside the home.
Use screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes outside.
Repair and seal aging or failing septic systems.

SOURCES: April 1, 2016, Zika Action Plan Summit, hosted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with: CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden, M.D.; Edward McCabe, M.D., Ph.D., chief medical officer, March of Dimes, White Plains, N.Y.; Amy Pope, White House Deputy Homeland Security Advisor; Nicole Lurie, M.D., assistant secretary for preparedness and response, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HealthDay
Copyright (c) 2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 5 Avr à 3:08

FDA Suggests Limit for Arsenic in Infant Rice Cereal
The element occurs naturally in soil and water; rice plants absorb it more than other crops, agency says
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By Robert Preidt
Friday, April 1, 2016
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FRIDAY, April 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A proposed limit on "inorganic" arsenic in infant rice cereal was announced Friday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Infant rice cereal is a leading source of arsenic exposure in babies, the agency said, since arsenic can find its way into rice from natural sources or from fertilizers and pesticides.

The proposed limit is 100 parts per billion, which is similar to the level set by the European Commission for rice used in the production of food for infants and young children. Most infant rice cereal currently sold in the United States either meets, or is close to, the FDA's proposed limit, the agency said.

"Our actions are driven by our duty to protect the public health and our careful analysis of the data and the emerging science," said Susan Mayne, director of the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

"The proposed limit is a prudent and achievable step to reduce exposure to arsenic among infants," she said in an FDA news release.

Inorganic arsenic exposure in infants and pregnant women may lead to a child's decreased performance on certain developmental tests that measure learning, the FDA noted.

In a statement, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists applauded the move.

ACOG President Dr. Mark DeFrancesco thanked the FDA "for its thoughtful analysis of arsenic in rice and rice products and its potential health impact."

He said, "ACOG guidance will remain the same: Ob-gyns should continue to advise women to eat a variety of whole grains. For pregnant women, half of their grains should consist of whole grains."

Arsenic occurs naturally in the soil and water, but it also comes from fertilizers and pesticides. There are two forms of arsenic -- organic and inorganic. The inorganic form is more toxic. Rice has higher levels of inorganic arsenic than other foods. One reason: As rice plants grow, they tend to absorb arsenic from the environment more than other crops, the FDA said.

Infant rice cereal is widely used in the United States, and the FDA offers advice for parents and caregivers of infants. Babies should be given iron-fortified cereals to ensure they are getting enough of the important nutrient, but iron-fortified rice cereal is not the only option. Other iron-fortified cereals include oat, barley and multigrain.

Toddlers and pregnant women should eat a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of grains, the FDA said.

It's estimated that exposure to inorganic arsenic in rice and rice products causes an additional four cases of lung and bladder cancer over the lifetime for every 100,000 people in the United States. This would be much less than 1 percent of all lung and bladder cancer cases in the nation, according to the FDA.

The agency noted that research has found that cooking rice in excess water -- six to 10 parts water to one part rice -- and draining excess water can reduce inorganic arsenic levels in the rice by 40 percent to 60 percent. However, this method may remove some important nutrients, the FDA said.

Public comments on the proposed arsenic limit will be accepted for 90 days.

SOURCES: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, statement, April 1, 2016; U.S. Food and Drug Administration, news release, April 1, 2016
HealthDay
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 5 Avr à 3:10

USDA Announces New GroupGAP Program for the Produce Industry
USDA Office of Communications sent this bulletin at 04/04/2016 02:01 PM EDT

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Release No. 0085.16
Contact:
USDA Office of Communication (202) 720-4623
press@oc.usda.gov

USDA Announces New GroupGAP Program for the Produce Industry

Helping Smaller Producers Reach New Markets


WASHINGTON, April 4, 2016 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) today announced the official launch of GroupGAP, a new certification program that helps small and mid-sized growers and cooperatives meet retailers' on-farm food safety requirements.

"We know that GAP certification can sometimes be cost-prohibitive for smaller farmers," said AMS Administrator Elanor Starmer. "GroupGAP allows these farmers to demonstrate compliance with strong food safety standards and share the cost of certification across a group of growers. That means greater market access for farmers, more options for consumers, and strong verification of food safety practices. It is a true win-win. We're proud to have developed this innovative solution in partnership with our stakeholders."

After a robust three-year pilot, AMS will today begin accepting applications for enrollment in GroupGAP, which certifies that grower groups are following industry-recognized food safety practices. By leveraging economies of scale and increasing efficiencies, GroupGAP improves market access for small and midsized farmers and benefits the entire produce industry.

The AMS Specialty Crops Inspection Division (SCI) performs Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) audits, which are voluntary audits to verify that farms are following industry-recognized food safety practices and recommendations from the Food and Drug Administration. Produce buyers, large and small, are increasingly requiring suppliers to be GAP certified. Under GroupGAP, farmers, food hubs, and cooperatives work together to obtain group certification. Their participation in the program in turn benefits retailers and other large-volume buyers, who are better able to meet the increasing demand for local foods and broaden their base of suppliers.

AMS GroupGAP audits include an analysis of the group's system of oversight, a site visit to ensure compliance with various procedures, and spot checks to verify appropriate on-farm implementation. For more information or to submit an application, visit the GroupGAP Website at www.ams.usda.gov/services/auditing/groupgap. You can learn more about the AMS GAP Audit Program at www.ams.usda.gov/services/auditing.

GroupGAP is just one example of the many AMS programs and services that support strong local and regional food systems, as described at www.ams.usda.gov/services/local-regional. Across USDA, the Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food Initiative coordinates the Department's policy, resources, and outreach efforts related to local and regional food systems. You can read more about the results of USDA investments in local food on the USDA website.

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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 12 Avr à 8:54

Smoking Rates Stall Among Young Blacks
Progress in anti-smoking campaigns slows as tobacco companies ramp up marketing in black neighborhoods, study says
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By Robert Preidt
Friday, April 8, 2016
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FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Little progress has been made to reduce smoking among young black Americans over the past two decades, likely due to aggressive marketing by the tobacco industry, researchers report.

Before 1982, smoking rates were falling among black high school seniors, but progress has since stalled. The rate was 8.7 percent in 1982 and 9 percent in 2014, according to a supplement to the April issue of the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

"That the decline has stalled in the last 22 years is, to me, very sad news. I think it's about the industry working really hard to keep this market," supplement co-editor Gary Giovino said in a news release from the University at Buffalo. He is chairman of the department of community health and health behavior at the university.

Other reported findings show that black adult smokers are less likely than whites to quit as they age. Blacks who start smoking in their 20s are less likely to quit than those who start as teens, and blacks overall are less likely to quit than whites, according to the study.

Blacks are less likely than whites to start smoking as teens due to parental disapproval and cost, the study found, but more likely to begin using tobacco as young adults.

Among blacks, smoking-related death rates are the same for those who began smoking when they were younger and those who started later. Among whites, smoking-related deaths are higher for those who started smoking earlier.

The findings suggest more should be done to prevent blacks from starting to smoke as they get older, according to supplement co-editor Phillip Gardiner, of the Tobacco Related Disease Research Program of the University of California president's office.

"Even though African-Americans start smoking later in life, they still die disproportionately from tobacco-related diseases compared to their white counterparts," he said in the news release.

"This information has been known for some time, and calls upon all of us to redouble our efforts to allocate greater resources for prevention and cessation in the African-American community," Gardiner added.

In a commentary in the supplement, Giovino and Gardiner say the U.S. Food and Drug Administration should ban menthol cigarettes, which are heavily marketed in black neighborhoods.

"The predatory marketing of menthol and other candy flavored tobacco products to African-Americans over the past 50 years is a tragedy," Gardiner said. "More than 80 percent of black smokers use these products. A major step in fighting smoking health disparities would be for the FDA to ban the use of menthol in tobacco products."

SOURCE: University at Buffalo, news release, April 6, 2016

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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 12 Avr à 9:00

Doctors Report on Success of Throat Reconstruction
Seven years after receiving metal stents, donated skin tissue, patient can swallow and eat normal food
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By Robert Preidt
Friday, April 8, 2016
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FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An American man who underwent throat reconstruction seven years ago has no swallowing problems and can eat normal food, researchers report.

The man's severely damaged esophagus was reconstructed using commercially available metal stents and donated skin tissue. The stents -- approved in the United States to help esophageal cancer patients with a throat obstruction to swallow -- provided a scaffold for the tissue to grow on.

"This is a first in human operation and one that we undertook as a lifesaving measure once we had exhausted all other options available to us and the patient," said study author Dr. Kulwinder Dua. He is a professor in the division of gastroenterology and hepatology at the Medical College of Wisconsin, in Milwaukee.

The stents were removed four years ago, according to the study published April 8 in The Lancet.

"The approach we used is novel because we used commercially available products, which are already approved for use in the human body and hence didn't require complex tissue engineering," Dua explained in a journal news release.

Initially, the 24-year-old man had a life-threatening infection and couldn't swallow because of complications from an earlier car crash that left him partially paralyzed. The patient had a nearly 2-inch defect in his esophagus that was too large to repair with conventional surgery, despite several attempts.

Previously, the tissue regeneration technique had only been tested in animals. Further research in animals and people is needed to determine if this method can be repeated and used in similar cases, Dua said.

The medical team had planned to remove the stents 12 weeks after reconstruction surgery. But, the patient put off removal for three-and-a-half years due to fears about possible narrowing or leakage in his esophagus, according to the report.

One year after the stents were removed, endoscopy showed scarring and regeneration of all five layers of the esophagus wall. In addition, swallowing tests showed the esophagus muscles were functioning normally.

However, it's not known how long the regeneration process actually took because of the delay in stent removal, the researchers said.

SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, April 8, 2016

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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 12 Avr à 9:01

Common Infection Caused First U.S. Uterus Transplant to Fail, Hospital Says
Blood supply to implanted organ was compromised, forcing its removal
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Friday, April 8, 2016
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FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A common fungus caused the complication that forced Cleveland Clinic doctors to remove a transplanted uterus from a 26-year-old woman just two weeks after the groundbreaking procedure was performed, hospital officials said Friday.

"Preliminary results suggest that the complication was due to an infection caused by an organism that is commonly found in a woman's reproductive system," Cleveland Clinic doctors said in a statement. "The infection appears to have compromised the blood supply to the uterus, causing the need for its removal."

The transplant, the first of its kind in the United States, was performed on Feb. 24. The organ was removed on March 9.

The bacteria involved causes vaginal yeast infections. It is not known whether the infection was caused by bacteria from the recipient or the donor, since some of the donor's vaginal tissue was involved in the operation, The New York Times reported.

When Cleveland Clinic doctors first announced they had to remove the transplanted uterus back in March, they noted that "there is a known risk in solid organ transplantation that the transplanted organ may have to be removed should a complication arise. The medical team took all necessary precautions and measures to ensure the safety of our patient."

The patient, Lindsey McFarland, has adopted three children with her husband, but had always longed to give birth to her own child.

Unfortunately, the loss of the implanted organ has set back that dream, Lindsey said in a statement issued in March.

"I just wanted to take a moment to express my gratitude towards all of my doctors," she said at the time. "They acted very quickly to ensure my health and safety. Unfortunately, I did lose the uterus to complications. However, I am doing OK and appreciate all of your prayers and good thoughts."

The Cleveland Clinic doctors plan to hold off on more of these procedures, to avoid similar problems in the future, the Times reported. Measures being considered include using antifungal medicines preventively and washing the tissues of both the donor and recipient to reduce the risk of infection.

Initially, 10 transplants were planned as part of a research study, with the uteruses in future operations coming from deceased organ donors. In Lindsey's case, the uterus came from a woman in her 30s who died suddenly.

The doctors said they are putting a limit on how long a transplanted uterus remains in the body because women have to take powerful drugs to prevent the body from rejecting the uterus, and they do not want women to have to take these drugs their entire life.

Although this was the first U.S. uterus transplant, the technique was pioneered in Sweden. As of last September, nine transplants had been performed, resulting in five pregnancies and four births. The children born to these women are all doing well, the Cleveland Clinic researchers have said.

In Sweden, the transplanted uteruses were all from live donors.

About one in 5,000 women is born without a uterus.

SOURCES: April 8, 2016, news release, Cleveland Clinic; March 9, 2016, news release, Cleveland Clinic; March 7, 2016, news conference with: Ruth Farrell, M.D., bioethicist; Rebecca Flyckt, M.D., Ob/Gyn surgeon; and Andreas Tzakis, M.D., program director, Transplant Center, all from Cleveland Clinic; The New York Times

HealthDay
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 12 Avr à 9:04

racking Kids' Eye Movements Might Shed New Light on Autism
When conversations turn emotional, children with ASD change visual focus, may miss social clues, study says
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By Robert Preidt
Friday, April 8, 2016
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FRIDAY, April 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New findings about where children with autism look during conversations could lead to changes in treatment programs, researchers say.

The researchers used special technology to monitor the eye movements of 18 children with autism between the ages of 6 and 12, and 19 children without the developmental disorder.

The researchers from the University of Vermont found that children with autism tended to focus more on a speaker's mouth instead of the eyes when the conversation turned to emotional topics, such as what makes the children sad or scared.

"What you talk about really matters for children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]," said lead author Tiffany Hutchins, an assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders.

"You just change a few words by talking about what people do versus how they feel and you can have a profound impact on where eyes go for information," she said in a university news release.

The researchers also found that focusing on the mouth rather than the eyes during emotional conversations was more common among those children with more severe autism and poorer verbal and intellectual ability. It was also common among those with more limited executive function -- the mental skills that help people pay attention, manage time and get things done, the researchers said.

It's not clear why children with autism seem to look at the mouth more often during emotional talks, but it could be because the conversations strain their executive function, according to Hutchins.

Highly emotional topics "likely place high demand on working memory, which, when a threshold is surpassed, makes rendering information from the eye region particularly difficult," she said.

This may lead the child to start looking for other ways to get information, such as focusing on the mouth. But by doing so, they miss important social meaning provided by the speaker's eyes, Hutchins said.

The next step is to determine how these findings might apply to speech therapy and other treatment for children with autism.

"Some social skills programs and many treatment goals for children with autism involve trying to get them to initiate and sustain eye contact during interaction," Hutchins said.

The study is being published in the June issue of the journal Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

SOURCE: University of Vermont, news release, April 4, 2016

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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mer 13 Avr à 8:17

7 апреля 2016 года был задержан житель Астрахани Максим Панфилов. Он страдает неврологическим заболеванием, на момент задержания был безработным.

После задержания Панфилова под конвоем отправили на самолете в Москву, не разрешив взять таблетки, выписанные врачом. Ему было предъявлено обвинение в связи с участием в событиях на Болотной площади 6 мая 2012 года по ч. 2 ст. 212 (участие в массовых беспорядках) и по ч.1 ст.318 (применение насилия, не опасного для жизни или здоровья, в отношении представителя власти) УК РФ. В день задержания адвокат Мария Куракина не смогла попасть к обвиняемому из-за противодействия следователя.

На следующий день, 8 апреля, судья Басманного районного суда Валентина Левашова избрала в отношении Панфилова меру пресечения в виде содержания под стражей. Его обвиняют в том, что, препятствуя задержанию участников митинга, он снял с сержанта полиции Филиппова защитный шлем, чем причинил ему физическую боль. Защита утверждает, что Панфилов не причинял полицейскому физической боли, а шлем не был застегнут; Панфилов категорически отрицает участие в беспорядках.
Правозащитный центр «Мемориал» считал и считает «Дело 6 мая» полностью неправосудным и необоснованным. Мы уверены, что события 6 мая 2012 года не имели признаков массовых беспорядков, а доказательства вины ранее осужденных в применении насилия в отношении сотрудников полиции были основаны на грубых фальсификациях и на предвзятом и одностороннем расследовании.

ПЦ «Мемориал» считает Максима Панфилова политзаключенным и требует немедленного и безусловного освобождения как его, так и других узников Болотной.
Признание лица политзаключенным или преследуемым по политическим мотивам не означает ни согласия ПЦ «Мемориал» с его взглядами и высказываниями, ни одобрения его высказываний или действий.

Подробнее о «Деле 6 мая» читайте в справке.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"Memorial", a déclaré un résident de Astrakhan Maksim Panfilov prisonniers politiques
Nous exigeons la libération immédiate et inconditionnelle que lui et d'autres prisonniers du marais.
7 avril 2016, a été arrêté un résident de Astrakhan Maksim Panfilov. Il souffre d'une maladie neurologique au moment de l'arrestation était au chômage.

Après la détention sous la garde Panfilov envoyé par avion à Moscou, pas autorisés à prendre les comprimés prescrits par un médecin. Il a été inculpé dans le cadre de la participation à des manifestations sur la place Bolotnaya 6 mai 2012 à h. 2 cuillères à soupe. 212 (participation à des troubles de masse) et la partie 1 st.318 (usage de la violence sans danger pour la vie ou la santé, contre un représentant des autorités) du Code criminel. Le jour de la détention de l'avocat Maria Kurakina ne pouvait pas se rendre à l'accusé en raison de l'opposition de l'enquêteur.

Le lendemain, le 8 Avril, le juge du tribunal de district Basmanny de Valentine Levashov élu au titre Panfilov mesure préventive sous forme de détention. Il est accusé de cela, la prévention de la détention de manifestants, il a pris un sergent de police Filippova casque, ce qui lui a causé une douleur physique. Défense soutient que Panfilov ne provoque pas de douleur physique de la police, et le casque n'a pas été fixée; Panfilov nie toute implication dans les émeutes.
Human Rights Centre pensée «Memorial» et a déclaré : «Il est le 6 mai« totalement injuste et déraisonnable. Nous croyons que les événements du 6 mai 2012 ont eu aucun signe de troubles de masse, et les preuves contre précédemment reconnu coupable d'utiliser la violence contre les agents de police ont été basées sur la fraude grossière et une enquête biaisée et partiale.

"Memorial" , a déclaré Maxim Panfilov Les prisonniers politiques et demande la libération immédiate et inconditionnelle que lui et d' autres prisonniers des marais.
Prisonniers politiques de reconnaissance du visage ou persécutés pour des raisons politiques ne suppose aucun consentement du CDH «Memorial» avec ses vues et déclarations, ou l' approbation de ses déclarations ou action.

Plus d' informations sur "Cause du 6 mai" lire l' aide .
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mer 13 Avr à 10:09

Le Milan de Provence et la Chouette effraie.

-"Elles sont là !"
-"Tout est là... Vous êtes sur ! il n'a pas creuser de souterrain."
Demande la Chouette Effraie.
-"On n'y a pas penser !." Dit le Milan.
-" Rassurez vous, il a fait évacuer son poulailler ainsi que les bouteilles
de sa cave personnel, il n'en avait plus qu'une centaine...
Les voilà inonder..." hurle la chouette.
-"Il a fait verrouiller les réseaux de l'informatique, et il a raison dans cette situation.
mais l'autre qui prétends que nous étions dans l'apartheid : Trop Libéral, certes;
Mais ni esclavagiste et ni raciste: cela implique une remise médiatique..."
Fait remarquer le Milan de Provence.
-"Il l'avait prévu... La guerre de l'information sans Lui ou avec Lui ne se fera sans son
image et son Trois en Un... Il construit ces hommes en chimères afin qu'il puisse
être reconnu au milieu du Désordre: Maligne est "le Vieux Coq" mais attentive est La Chouette."
chante la chouette effraie qui sent la présence du gallinacée sur la toile..." : chante la Chouette
Effraie.
-" Alors, pourquoi luttez contre Lui, Elles et Eux." dit le Milan de Provence.
-"Il ne comprends pas cela...mais..."Dit la chouette effraie et rajoute après une respiration:
"Je ne bats pas contre Lui.. C'est contre ces Chimères, le déshonneur de la France... Je le ressens comme tu dois me haïr. Car, tu es l'un des siens, Tu es seul et il t'as toujours détesté...
Tu as laissé grandir l'Apartheid..."
-" Le Trois en Un contrôle le Tout, certes." dit le Milan de Provence
-" Mais le cercle de Feu, c'est encore plus ! Le cercle de votre alliance démontre que le déséquilibre se nomme le Trois en Un ! "Le Vieux Coq" et son poulailler de toute manière part d'un principe, comme un poux il s'accroche !"

Une éclaircie de la Lune et du soleil ou l'éclipse se fait entendre sur les mirages de La France.

TAY
La chouette effraie
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 19 Avr à 10:03

L'Armure prends l'accent sur la sensualité,
la virginité n'est pas lié aux regards
TAY

Le mot scaphandre, du grec skaphe (barque) et andros (homme), fut utilisé pour la première fois en 1775 par l'Abbé de la Chapelle dans son ouvrage Traité de la construction théorique et pratique du scaphandre ou du bateau de l'homme. L'invention de l'Abbé de la Chapelle consistait en un costume réalisé en liège et permettant à des soldats de flotter et de traverser les cours d'eau.

De nos jours le mot scaphandre ne se réfère plus du tout à l'invention de l'Abbé de la Chapelle mais il est resté dans l'usage de la langue française pour se référer à un ensemble de combinaisons ou de dispositifs permettant à une personne d'évoluer en sécurité dans un milieu qui lui est hostile. Ainsi le mot scaphandre se réfère actuellement aux équipements suivants :


Scaphandre de plongeur datant de 1858
Le scaphandre à casque (ou scaphandre pieds lourds), dispositif permettant à son utilisateur de respirer et d'évoluer sous l'eau grâce à un tube relié à la surface. Le casque est rigide mais la combinaison est souple, ce qui fait que le plongeur respire en tout moment un air comprimé à un degré proportionnel à la profondeur à laquelle il se trouve.
Le scaphandre rigide (ou scaphandre atmosphérique), type de scaphandre à casque permettant à son utilisateur de respirer et d'évoluer sous l'eau en étant relié ou pas à la surface mais en restant toujours à une pression atmosphérique interne constante. L'air respiré par le plongeur se trouve à tout moment à une pression atmosphérique équivalente à celle du niveau de la mer, car toutes les parties qui composent le scaphandre sont rigides et articulées entre elles et la pression environnante n'affecte pas l'intérieur du scaphandre. Conçu pour les grandes profondeurs.
Le scaphandre autonome, dispositif permettant à son utilisateur de respirer et d'évoluer sous l'eau avec une totale indépendance de la surface mais en subissant la pression de l'eau environnante. Le plongeur respire donc en tout moment un air comprimé à un degré proportionnel à la profondeur à laquelle il se trouve.
Le scaphandre spatial (ou combinaison spatiale), combinaison permettant à un spationaute d'évoluer et de respirer dans le vide de l'espace, avec dépendance ou indépendance de son véhicule spatial mais tout en restant à une pression atmosphérique interne constante.
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Jeu 9 Juin à 8:30

Title Integrated circuits on silicon
Released 08/06/2016 2:41 pm
Copyright ESA-Guus Schoonewille
Description

Multiple integrated circuits at the heart of Europe’s space missions, etched together onto a single piece of silicon.

This 20 cm-diameter wafer contains 35 replicas of five different space chips, each incorporating up to about 10 million transistors or basic circuit switches.

Laid down within a microchip, these designs endow a space mission with the ability to perform various specialised tasks such as data handling, communications processing or attitude control.

To save money on the high cost of fabrication, various chips designed by different companies and destined for multiple ESA projects are crammed onto the same silicon wafers, etched into place at specialised semiconductor manufacturing plants.

Once tested for functionality, the chips on the wafer are chopped up and packaged for use, then mounted on printed circuit boards for connection with other microelectronic components aboard a satellite.

Since 2002, ESA’s Microelectronics section has maintained a catalogue of ‘building blocks’ for chip designs, known as Intellectual Property cores, available to European industry through ESA licence. For more information,

The contents of this page are related to reusable building blocks (also called Intellectual Property Cores, or IP Cores), mostly in VHDL language, for microelectronics use.

These IP Cores were developed in the scope of European Space Agency (ESA) activities, ranging from in-house developments to contractor work and from simple Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) to complex System-On-a-Chip (SOC) devices.

The IP cores provided by ESA are "soft-cores", i.e. technology independent. They can be synthesized and targeted to any ASIC or FPGA technology.

ESA/ESTEC maintains and distributes under ESA licenses a small catalog of IP Cores which comprise typical digital functions used in space applications (TMTC, EDAC, SpaceWire, CAN, LEON2-FT, OBDH, etc). ESA/ESTEC provides this “IP Cores” service as an attempt to:

counteract obsolescence and discontinuity of existing space standard ASICs, thus helping to guarantee the availability of some key functions in a technology independent format (“soft format”).
reduce costs of large IC developments (e.g. Systems-on-Chip) by re-using already designed and validated IC functions.
promote and consolidate the use of standardized functions, protocols and/or architectures (e.g. SpaceWire, CAN, TMTC, etc).
centralize IP users’ feedback to improve quality of existing IPs and identify future needs.

The ESA IP cores can be licensed for space research and/or commercial use, under specific conditions (depending on the IP ownership) to companies based in ESA member and participant states.

Get details about available IP cores
The list of available IP cores is shown on the left of the page. By selecting each link, you are redirected to the specific page for the selected IP core. From that page you can get an overview of the functions of the IP core, download some documentation and even a precompiled simulation model (if available).
Submit IP request form
If you decide to apply for a license for one or more IP cores, please refer to the "Licensing" pages for more details, and the link to the IP request form. From the "Licensing" pages you can read more about the licensing process, and also get instructions on how to fill out and submit an IP request form.
IP request screening and license preparation by ESTEC/ESA
The submitted IP request is screened by ESTEC/ESA against general and specific IP licensing conditions. If all conditions are met, a license agreement for the provision of the requested IP core(s) is prepared, and sent to the customer for approval and signing. Each license document is tailored for the customer’s specific case.
Delivery of requested IP Core(s) to customer
If the user accepts the terms of the license agreement, a package with the requested IP core(s) is delivered to the user as soon as the license documents are received by the Agency, bearing licensee’s signatures.

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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Lun 13 Juin à 9:33

Le clans des mouettes se doit instaurer la liberté d’Ego entre Femmes et Hommes...
Il sera dans le temps aspirer dans les clameurs de l'infini et certainement, ils découvriront
la volupté de l'appel de l'infini immense désert au cœur duquel résident des oasis et des cimetières indiens...

Rien ne vous sera acquis et ni dus ! Venus et Mars seront des sœurs
car les divinités ne seront plus ! Elles seront attrait de la Force ! Clameurs résonneront
depuis le passé pour faire entendre... Oui, Vous le Lisez...

L'écriture au même titre que la rage envahira votre cœur: Celle de vivre, car le possédé
ne sera plus un messager du mal... La science ne sera pas déifier, la retenu remplacera la peur.
C'est le chemin inévitable de la Vie... Le ciel ne sera jamais le même selon le regard;
et il y aura des rythmes recréant les anciennes et les nouvelles saisons... Malgré nos connaissances, l'Univers nous rappellera son rythme infini: Rien et tout à la fois, le souffle.

Rein ne sera parfait car nous aurons compris ce petit détail: Nous sommes différents; mais comme le disait de jeunes anarchistes ivre de vie: L'utopie; nous conduira sur des règles
universelles qui conduisent vers la liberté de l'instant... Nous serons devenus des étrangers
dans ces oasis et nous aurons tout à apprendre: Mais , L'infini reste et restera notre territoire et notre liberté de refuge. Ni messager, Ni Dieu... Un aspect du paysage et cela sera notre plus grande Victoire: A l'aspect de notre mère à Toutes et à Tous, Notre Terre, la Planète Bleu de la Voie Lactée...

Ecrit de
TAY
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MessageSujet: Re: Actualité Sociale   Mar 14 Juin à 9:17

Horizons et écritures ou Néandertalien et Sapiens

Pourquoi le temps et l'espérance...? Oui, l'espace et l'espérance...! Le temps est une notion de vie et je n'ai pas eu besoin de l'apprendre chez les philosophes... Oui, le temps et l'espace sont aussi liées que la vie se rapporte à l'espérance et je n'ai pas besoin de formules scientifiques pour me dire qu'il n'y a rien d'intellectuel dans ce que je dis... Malgré tout, il y a cette formule irréaliste et pourtant vrai: Rien et tout à la fois, le souffle

Le dessin désigne l'espérance et l'art se repose sur la prudence des lieux... On désigne la chasse mais à cette heure aucun dessin archéologique ne représente de meurtres... On prétends que l'histoire est né de l'écriture... Alors depuis quand le meurtre s'est il gangrené à l'histoire, Patriote...

Ecrit de
TAY
La chouette effraie.

Je dédie ce texte à cette Femme de l'Universelle et de la Prière :

Mary Wollstonecraft est parfois considérée comme la première philosophe féministe, bien que ce terme n'existe pas encore à l'époque. En effet, au xxe siècle, l'historiographie féministe en fait une des devancières du mouvement et la Défense des droits de la femme (1792) est présenté parfois comme l'un des premiers écrits féministes, bien que la métaphore de la femme comparée à la noblesse qu'elle utilise dans celui-ci (la femme dorlotée, fragile et exposée au danger par sa paresse intellectuelle et morale) puisse apparaître comme un argument dépassé. Malgré ses apparentes contradictions révélatrices des problèmes auxquels il est difficile de donner une réponse satisfaisante, ce livre est devenu par la suite la pierre angulaire de la pensée féministe . Le livre est un succès et la critique de l'époque est quasi-unanime pour reconnaître son importance.

Comme les auteures précédentes, Mary Wollstonecraft insiste sur la nécessité d'éduquer les jeunes filles. Grâce à l'éducation, elles réaliseront mieux leurs potentiels et seront enfin des êtres humains à part entière. De plus, elle préconise un apprentissage qui permettrait aux femmes de subvenir seules à leurs besoins en exerçant un emploi. Enfin, elle réclame pour les femmes des droits civils et politiques et même des élues les représentant .
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