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 L'appel du Large et Y'becca...

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yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 6033
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Mer 31 Aoû à 3:20

alors quoi dire que j'ai pas envie d'être ennuyeux... J'aime bien quand tu écris parce que cà m'évade et je ne crois que ce sois de l'amour. C'est un  plaisir même si je suis assez sombre sur l'issue. j'essaie malgré tout de faire vivre un sentiment auprés d'une inconnue. Car, tu es une inconnue et je suis rationnel... j'ai bien aimé tes photos mais cela n'est pas une raison. Je n'ai pas envie de te séduire et pourtant, je trouve flatteur du fait que tu m'interpelles. Tu mérite mieux qu'une voie sans issue parce que je ne dispose pas réellement de toute ma liberté... Je ne me plains pas mais durant de longues années ce fut un supplice à présent comme tu dis je suis résigné au sirène de l'appel. Mon cas n'est pas désespéré mais je réalise qu'il est proche du critique devant l'aspect des murs. Yanis.
Fin de la discussion

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TAY
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Dernière édition par yanis la chouette le Mer 31 Aoû à 3:44, édité 1 fois
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Mer 31 Aoû à 3:43

Durant l'hiver 67 av. J.-C., Pompée reçoit, par la lex Gabinia un imperium exceptionnel pour éliminer la piraterie de Méditerranée.
TAY

Dans les années, certains seront devenus riche sur la position du monde. En effet, tout semble dire que l'aspect de communication est muet.

Je n'engage ni dialogue ni querelle juridique. Je défends mon droit de parole et d'écriture contre les faux prophètes et pseudos politiques.

Sans être naïf, nous devons soulever notre éthique et notre savoir faire. Assez d'être dénigrer par la pensée l'appartenance et l'étiquette.

La France malgré son "désordre" et sa "cacophonie" est en pointe sur les recherches médicales, spatiales et autres. Lutter contre la misère.

Juppé parla sur l'existence de l'écologie et Hollande a livré bataille sur le réchauffement climatique. Moi sur le traité de l'Antarctique.

Comme Wausquiez, Macron nous dit certaines choses sur nos politiques et qu'il a essayé. L'Antarctique. Vous oubliez ce traité, Mr Moral.

Sans attendre voilà depuis Kennedy et sa guerre de la Lune, certains se sont lancer dans cette aventure malgré les moqueries. Antarctique.

Nous avons des architectes et des ouvriers alors Macron le banquier pointe les étoiles... On l'as déjà fait et il parait qu'elle réponde.

Delacroix et sa liberté guidant le peuple. Le banquier avec son chapeau dit En marche. On le regarde et je dit: " Qui a construit la route".

Les roseaux ont servit à construire la route et les sentiments ont créé les plus folles espérances et déceptions. Le créer est agir en soi. Voilà ce qui a créer la route qu'à répondu Mr Tignard Yanis.

Le créer est agir en soi. Voilà ce qui a créer la route,dit Mr Tignard Yanis au funeste banquier qui nous refusa Crédit à Nous et à l'Etat.

Le droit de manifester va certainement aller se répandre sur les nouvelles communications. L'industrie va se heurter à un total recall.

Ce Macron est naïf... Il va entrer dans l'entre deux âges... Celui du révélé et de l'abattre. Il désigne et il pointe du doigt. Au suivant.

Les penseurs et les nouvelles technologies s'inspirent de la science fiction. Les politiques sont très peu enclin à cette discussion. J.F.K

Soles, Soli (en latin Soli ; en grec : Soloi, Σόλοι), puis Pompéiopolis, aujourd'hui Mezitli, en Turquie, est une cité grecque de Cilicie.

"solécisme" c'est le terme qui corresponds à Macron et Wausquiez; Du sang, telles des hyénes selectionnant leurs males. Respect Citoyens;

Il est des propos qui sont indigne d'un ex ministre, je croyais Woerth.Eric à ce sujet très acerbe mais je trompais à votre sujet, Macron.

Surveiller ce Macron sur les mers, je ne crains que lui et ses Rothschild ne nous remettent une marée noire à l'ordre du jour;
"solécisme".

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MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Sam 3 Sep à 3:26

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL) Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO): DRL Freedom of Expression

September 2, 2016

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This is the announcement of funding opportunity number, DRLA-DRLAQM-16-090.

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number: 19.345

Application Deadline: 11:30 pm EST on November 1, 2016

A. Project Description

The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL) announces an open competition for an approximately 24-month regional project to defend and bolster press freedom and freedom of expression in Latin America. The goal of the project is to promote a strategic regional approach to combatting restrictive media policies and regulations and other government constraints to free expression. Applications should represent demand-driven support for civil society to monitor freedom of expression-related challenges and conduct national, regional, and international advocacy. Proposals should include at least three countries; applicants should explicitly demonstrate the rationale behind selection of each country and any civil society groups selected. Applicants may include cost effective exchange of best practices between NGOs confronting similar challenges. Applications should address the below lines of effort:

1. Monitoring, Analysis, and Alerts: Efforts that track and report on freedom of expression-related challenges faced by civil society, news organizations, citizen journalists, bloggers, and/or others. Among other things, proposals may seek to:

Report on a periodic basis regarding developments in, among other things, government policy and actions, security challenges, and key trends affecting freedom of expression.
Issue emergency situation alerts regarding individual cases or policy developments.
Improve the technical capacity of beneficiary organizations to understand national and international legal frameworks that regulate freedom of expression, monitor domestic and regional trends, systematically document abuses, and issue strategically targeted alerts and messages.

2. Policy Advocacy: Direct support for national, regional, and/or international advocacy efforts that promote free expression. Among other things, proposals may seek to:

Improve the technical capacity of beneficiary organizations to develop domestic, regional, and/or international advocacy strategies.
Support civil society, including press freedom organizations, in effectively engaging in advocacy and/or public awareness raising efforts, including participation in domestic, regional, and international fora.
Strategically and constructively engage government officials regarding deficiencies in protections for journalists and legislation regulating communications and the media, among other things.

3. Organizational Support: Proposals should include a comprehensive plan to increase the technical capacity of beneficiary organizations in key organizational areas, potentially including sustainability, communications and outreach, and/or organizational planning.

Projects should have the potential to have an immediate impact leading to long-term sustainable reforms, and should have potential for sustainability beyond DRL resources. DRL’s preference is to not duplicate past efforts, but instead support new and creative approaches. This does not exclude from consideration projects that improve upon or expand existing successful projects in a new and complementary way. DRL also strives to ensure its projects advance the rights and uphold the dignity of the most vulnerable or at-risk populations.

Activities that typically are not considered competitive include:

The provision of large amounts of humanitarian assistance;
English language instruction;
Development of high-tech computer or communications software and/or hardware;
Purely academic exchanges or fellowships;
External exchanges or fellowships lasting longer than six months;
Off-shore activities that are not clearly linked to in-country initiatives and impact or are not necessary for security concerns;
Theoretical explorations of human rights or democracy issues, including projects aimed primarily at research and evaluation that do not incorporate training or capacity-building for local civil society;
Micro-loans or similar small business development initiatives;
Initiatives directed towards a diaspora community rather than current residents of targeted countries.

B. Federal Award Information

DRL anticipates having approximately $900,000 available to support approximately one successful application submitted in response to this NOFO, subject to the availability of funding. Applicants can submit no more than two applications in response to this solicitation.

Applications should not request less than $500,000 and no more than $900,000. Applicants should include an anticipated start date between January 2017 – February 2017 and the period of performance should be between 18 months to 24 months.

The U.S. government may (a) reject any or all applications, (b) accept other than the lowest cost application, (c) accept more than one application, and (d) waive informalities and minor irregularities in applications received.

The U.S. government may make award(s) on the basis of initial applications received, without discussions or negotiations. Therefore, each initial application should contain the applicant's best terms from a cost and technical standpoint. The U.S. government reserves the right (though it is not under obligation to do so), however, to enter into discussions with one or more applicants in order to obtain clarifications, additional detail, or to suggest refinements in the project description, budget, or other aspects of an application.

DRL anticipates awarding either a grant or cooperative agreement depending on the needs and risk factors of the program. The final determination on mechanism will be made by the Grants Officer. If a cooperative agreement is awarded, DRL expects to be substantially involved during its implementation. Examples of substantial involvement can include:

1) Approval of the Recipient’s annual work plans, including: planned activities for the following year, travel plans, planned expenditures, event planning, and changes to any activity to be carried out under the cooperative agreement;

2) Approval of sub-award recipients, concurrence on the substantive provisions of the sub-awards, and coordination with other cooperating agencies;

3) Other approvals that will be included in the award agreement.

The authority for this funding opportunity is found in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended (FAA).

C. Eligibility Information

For application information, please see the proposal submission instructions on our website.

C.1 Eligible Applicants

DRL welcomes applications from U.S.-based and foreign-based non-profit organizations/nongovernment organizations (NGO) and public international organizations; private, public, or state institutions of higher education; and for-profit organizations or businesses. DRL’s preference is to work with non-profit entities; however, there may be some occasions when a for-profit entity is best suited.

For-profit entities should be aware that its applications may be subject to additional review following the panel selection process. Additionally, the Department of State generally prohibits profit under its assistance awards to for-profit or commercial organizations. Profit is defined as any amount in excess of allowable direct and indirect costs. The allowability of costs incurred by commercial organizations is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) at 48 CFR 30, Cost Accounting Standards Administration, and 48 CFR 31 Contract Cost Principles and Procedures. Project income earned by the recipient must be deducted from the total project allowable cost in determining the net allowable costs on which the federal share of costs is based.

C.2 Cost Sharing or Matching

Providing cost sharing, matching, or cost participation is not an eligibility requirement for this NOFO.

C.3 Other

Applicants must have existing, or the capacity to develop, active partnerships with thematic or in-country partners, entities and relevant stakeholders, including private sector partners and NGOs, and have demonstrable experience in administering successful and preferably similar projects. DRL encourages applications from foreign-based NGOs headquartered in the geographic regions/countries relevant to this NOFO. Applicants may form consortia and submit a combined application. However, one organization should be designated as the lead applicant with the other members as sub-award partners. DRL reserves the right to request additional background information on applicants that do not have previous experience administering federal grant awards, and these applicants may be subject to limited funding on a pilot basis.

DRL is committed to an anti-discrimination policy in all of its projects and activities. DRL welcomes applications irrespective of an applicant’s race, ethnicity, color, creed, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or other status. DRL encourages applications from organizations working with the most at risk and vulnerable communities, including women, youth, persons with disabilities, members of ethnic or religious minority groups, and LGBTI persons.

Any applicant listed on the Excluded Parties List System in the System for Award Management (SAM)(www.sam.gov) is not eligible to apply for an assistance award in accordance with the OMB guidelines at 2 CFR 180 that implement Executive Orders 12549 (3 CFR,1986 Comp., p. 189) and 12689 (3 CFR,1989 Comp., p. 235), “Debarment and Suspension.” Additionally no entity listed on the Excluded Parties List System in SAM can participate in any activities under an award. All applicants are strongly encouraged to review the Excluded Parties List System in SAM to ensure that no ineligible entity is included.

D. Application and Submission Information

D.1 Address to Request Application Package

Applicants can find application forms, kits, or other materials needed to apply on www.grants.gov and www.grantsolutions.gov under the announcement title “DRL Freedom of Expression” funding opportunity number “DRLA-DRLAQM-16-090.” Please contact the DRL point of contact listed in section G if requesting reasonable accommodations for persons with disabilities or for security reasons. Please note: reasonable accommodations do not include deadline extensions. It is DRL’s preference that applications be submitted through GrantSolutions.gov

D.2 Content and Form of Application Submission

For all application documents, please ensure:

1) All documents are in English and all costs are in U.S. dollars. If an original document within the application is in another language, an English translation must be provided (please note: the Department of State, as indicated in 2 CFR 200.111, requires that English is the official language of all award documents. If any documents are provided in both English and a foreign language, the English language version is the controlling version);

2) All pages are numbered, including budgets and attachments;

3) All documents are formatted to 8 ½ x 11 paper; and,

4) All documents are single-spaced, 12 point Times New Roman font, with 1-inch margins. Captions and footnotes may be 10 point Times New Roman font. Font sizes in charts and tables, including the budget, can be reformatted to fit within 1 page width.

D.2.1 Application Requirements

Complete applications must include the following:

1. Completed and signed SF-424, SF-424A, and SF-424B forms.

2. If your organization engages in lobbying the U.S. government or Congress, or pays for another entity to lobby on your behalf, the SF-LLL “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities” form is also required.

3. Cover Page (not to exceed one [1] page, preferably in Microsoft Word) that includes a table with the project title, target country/countries, thematic area, project synopsis, and name and contact information for the application’s main point of contact.

4. Executive Summary (not to exceed one [1] page, preferably in Microsoft Word) that outlines project goals, objectives, and activities.

5. Table of Contents (not to exceed one [1] page, preferably in Microsoft Word) listing all documents and attachments, with page numbers.

6. Proposal Narrative (not to exceed ten [10] pages, preferably in Microsoft Word). Please note the ten page limit does not include the Table of Contents, Cover Page, Attachments, Detailed Budget, Budget Narrative, or Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreement (NICRA). Applicants are encouraged to combine multiple documents in a single Word Document or PDF (i.e., Cover Page, Table of Contents, Executive Summary, and Proposal Narrative in one file).

7. Budget (preferably as an Excel workbook) that includes three [3] columns containing the request to DRL, any cost sharing contribution, and the total budget. A summary budget should also be included using the OMB-approved budget categories (see SF-424A as a sample) in a separate tab. Costs must be in U.S. dollars. Detailed line-item budgets for subgrantees should be included in additional tabs within the Excel workbook (if available at the time of submission).

8. Budget Narrative (preferably as a Word Document) that includes substantive explanations and justifications for each line-item in the detailed budget spreadsheet, as well as the source and a description of all cost-share offered.

9. Your organization’s most recent A-133 audit (if applicable), F Audit, or standard audit.

10. Logic Model (not to exceed two [2] pages, preferably in Microsoft Word).

11. Monitoring and Evaluation Narrative (not to exceed two [2] pages).

12. Monitoring and Evaluation Performance Indicator Table (not to exceed four [4] pages in Microsoft Word).

13. Risk Analysis (not to exceed one [1] page, preferably in Microsoft Word).

14. Key Personnel (not to exceed one [1] page, preferably as a Word Document): Please include short bios that demonstrate relevant professional experience. Given the limited space, CVs are not recommended for submission.

15. Timeline (not to exceed one [1] page): The timeline of the overall proposal should include activities, evaluation efforts, and program closeout.

D.2.2 Additional Application Documents

Strong applications will also contain the following:

• Individual Letters of Support and/or Memorandum of Understanding Letters of support and MOUs must be specific to the project implementation (e.g. from proposed partners or sub-award recipients) and will not count towards the page limit.

Please refer to the Proposal Submission Instructions on DRL’s website for detailed guidance on the documents above: http://www.state.gov/j/drl/p/260979.htm. For an application checklist and sample template please see the Resources page on DRL’s website:http://www.state.gov/j/drl/p/c72333.htm. The sample templates provided on the DRL website are suggested, but not mandatory.

DRL reserves the right to request additional documents not included in this NOFO. Additionally, to ensure that all applications receive a balanced evaluation, the DRL Panel will review from the first page of each section up to the page limit and no further.

Note: If ultimately provided with a notification of intent to make a Federal award, applicants typically have two to three weeks to provide additional information and documents requested in the notification of intent. The deadlines may vary in each notification of intent and applicants must adhere to the stated deadline in the notification of intent.

D.2.3 Additional Information Requested

Successful applicants must submit after notification of intent to make a Federal award, but prior to issuance of a Federal award, will include:

If your organization has a NICRA and includes NICRA charges in the budget, your latest NICRA should be included as a PDF file.
Written responses and revised application documents addressing conditions and recommendations from the DRL Review Panel;
Completion of the Department’s Financial Management Survey, if receiving DRL funding for the first time;
Submission of required documents to register in the Payment Management System managed by the Department of Health and Human Services, if receiving DRL funding for the first time (unless an exemption is provided);
Other requested information or documents included in the notification of intent to make a Federal award or subsequent communications prior to issuance of a Federal award.

D.3 Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM)

Any applicant listed on the Excluded Parties List System (EPLS) in the System for Award Management (SAM) is not eligible to apply for an assistance award in accordance with the OMB guidelines at 2 CFR 180 that implement Executive Orders 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189) and 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235), “Debarment and Suspension.” Additionally, no entity listed on the EPLS can participate in any activities under an award. All applicants are strongly encouraged to review the EPLS in SAM to ensure that no ineligible entity is included.

All organizations, whether based in the United States or in another country, must have a Unique Entity Identifier (UEI), formerly referred to as DUNS, and an active registration with the SAM before submitting an application. DRL may not review applications from or make awards to applicants that have not completed all applicable UEI and SAM requirements. A UEI is one of the data elements mandated by Public Law 109-282, the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA), for all Federal awards.

Note: The process of obtaining a SAM.gov registration may take anywhere from 4-8 weeks. Please begin your registration as early as possible.

If you are based in the United States or pay employees within the United States, prior to registering in SAM you will need an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and a Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) code.
If you are based outside of the United States and do not pay employees within the United States, you do not need an EIN from the IRS. However, you will need a NATO CAGE (NCAGE) code before you can have an active registration in SAM.

All organizations must also continue to maintain active SAM registration with current information at all times during which they have an active Federal award or application under consideration by a Federal award agency. SAM requires all entities to renew their registration once a year in order to maintain an active registration status in SAM. It is the responsibility of the applicant to ensure it has an active registration in SAM and to maintain that active registration. If an applicant has not fully complied with the requirements by the time DRL is ready to make an award, the applicant may be deemed unqualified to receive an award and use that determination as a basis for making an award to another applicant.

For further guidance on the registration process, please see the SAM.gov Registration Guide on DRL’s website: http://www.state.gov/j/drl/p/c72333.htm. Please refer to 2 CFR 25.200 for additional information.

D.3.1 Exemptions

An exemption from these requirements may be permitted on a case-by-case basis if:

An applicant is a foreign organization located outside of the United States without a UEI and the Department determines that acquiring one is impractical given the geographic location; or
If an applicant’s identity must be protected due to potential endangerment of their mission, their organization’s status, their employees, or individuals being served by the applicant.
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Sam 3 Sep à 3:27

* Organizations requesting exemption from SAM.gov, NCAGE, and UEI should email the point of contact in the solicitation. If establishing your SAM.gov account as private rather than public view, please notify DRL at the time of submission.

Note: Foreign organizations will be required to register with the NATO Support Agency (NSPA) to receive a NCAGE code in order to register in SAM. NSPA will forward your registration request to the applicable National Codification Bureau (NCB) if your organization is located in a NATO or Tier 2 Sponsored Non-NATO Nation. As of March 2016, NATO nations included Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States of America; and Tier 2 nations included Australia, Austria, Brazil, Finland, Israel, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Morocco, New Zealand, Serbia, and Singapore.

NSPA and/or the appropriate NCB forwards all NCAGE code information to all Allied Committee 135 (AC/135) nations, which as of March 2016 also included Afghanistan, Argentina, Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Montenegro, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, and the United Arab Emirates. All organizations are strongly advised to take this into consideration when assessing whether registration may result in possible endangerment.

D.4 Submission Dates and Times

Applications are due no later than 11:30 p.m. Eastern Standard Time (EST), on Tuesday, November 1, 2016 on www.grants.gov or www.grantsolutions.gov under the announcement title “DRL Freedom of Expression” funding opportunity number “DRLA-DRLAQM-16-090.”

Grants.gov and Grantsolutions.gov automatically log the date and time an application submission is made, and the Department of State will use this information to determine whether an application has been submitted on time. Late applications are neither reviewed nor considered unless the DRL point of contact listed in section G is contacted prior to the deadline and is provided with evidence of system errors caused by www.grants.gov or www.grantsolutions.gov that is outside of the applicants’ control and is the sole reason for a late submission. Applicants should not expect a notification upon DRL receiving their application.

D.5 Funding Restrictions

DRL will not consider applications that reflect any type of support for any member, affiliate, or representative of a designated terrorist organization.

Project activities whose direct beneficiaries are foreign militaries or paramilitary groups or individuals will not be considered for DRL funding given purpose limitations on funding.

Restrictions may apply to any proposed assistance to police or other law enforcement. Among these, pursuant to section 620M of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended(FAA), no assistance provided through this funding opportunity may be furnished to any unit of the security forces of a foreign country when there is credible information that such unit has committed a gross violation of human rights. In accordance with the requirements of section 620M of the FAA, also known as the Leahy law, project beneficiaries or participants from a foreign government’s security forces may need to be vetted by the Department before the provision of any assistance.

Federal awards generally will not allow reimbursement of pre-award costs; however, the grants officer may approve pre-award costs on a case by case basis. Generally, construction costs are not allowed under DRL awards. For additional information, please see DRL’s PSI for Applications, as updated in August 2016: http://www.state.gov/j/drl/p/260979.htm.

D.6 Application Submission

All application submissions must be made electronically via www.grants.gov or www.grantsolutions.gov. Both systems require registration by the applying organization. Please note: the Grants.gov registration process can take 10 business days or longer, even if all registration steps are completed in a timely manner.

It is the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that it has an active registration in GrantSolutions.gov or Grants.gov. Applicants are required to document that the application has been received by GrantSolutions.gov or Grants.gov in its entirety. DRL bears no responsibility for disqualification that result from applicants not being registered before the due date, for system errors in either GrantSolutions or Grants.gov, or other errors in the application process. Additionally you must save a screen shot of the checklist showing all documents submitted in case any document fails to upload successfully.

GrantSolutions.gov is highly recommended for submission of all applications and is DRL’s preferred choice for receiving applications.

Faxed, couriered, or emailed documents will not be accepted. Reasonable accommodations may, in appropriate circumstances, be provided to applicants with disabilities or for security reasons. Applicants must follow all formatting instructions in the applicable solicitation and these instructions.

DRL encourages organizations to submit applications during normal business hours (Monday – Friday, 9:00AM- 5:00PM Eastern Time). If an applicant experiences technical difficulties and has contacted the appropriate helpdesk but is not receiving timely assistance (e.g. if you have not received a response within 48 hours of contacting the helpdesk), you may contact the DRL point of contact listed in the NOFO in section G. The point of contact may assist in contacting the appropriate helpdesk, but an applicant should also document their efforts in contacting the help desk. Applicants may also contact the DRL point of contact listed in the NOFO if experiencing technical issues with grants.gov or grantsolutions.gov that may result in a late submission.

Applicants experiencing technical difficulties should follow these three steps:

1. Contact the helpdesk for either Grants.gov or GrantSolutions immediately.

2. Document (including screenshots) technical issues AND efforts to contact the helpdesk.

3. Submit all of the required documents to the DRL point of contact listed in the solicitation before the deadline.

Note: The Procurement Office will determine technical eligibility of all applications

GrantSolutions.gov Applications
All applicants are strongly encouraged to submit applications via www.grantsolutions.gov.

Applicants using GrantSolutions.gov for the first time should complete their “New Organization Registration” as soon as possible. This process must be completed before an application can be submitted. Registration with GrantSolutions.gov usually occurs directly after an applicant submits their registration. To register with GrantSolutions.gov, click “Login to GrantSolutions” and follow the “First Time Users” link to the “New Organization Registration Page.” There are different ways to register your organization, click on the link that fits best.

Upon completion of a successful electronic application submission, the GrantSolutions system will provide the applicant with a confirmation page indicating the date and time (Eastern Time) of the electronic application submission as well as an official Application Number. This confirmation page will also provide a listing of all items that constitute the final application submission. Please save this page for your records. Additionally you must remember to save a screen shot of the checklist showing all documents submitted in case any document fails to upload successfully.

GrantSolutions.gov Help Desk:
For assistance with GrantSolutions.gov accounts and technical issues related to the system, please contact Customer Support at help@grantsolutions.gov or call 1-866-577-0771 (toll charges for international callers) or 1-202-401-5282. Customer Support is available 8AM – 5PM EST, Monday – Friday, except federal holidays.

Grants.gov Applications
Applicants who do not submit applications via GrantSolutions.gov may submit via www.grants.gov. It is DRL’s preference that applications be submitted through GrantSolutions.gov.

Please be advised that completing all the necessary registration steps for obtaining a username and password from Grants.gov can take more than two weeks.

Please refer to the Grants.gov website for definitions of various "application statuses" and the difference between a submission receipt and a submission validation. Applicants will receive a validation e-mail from Grants.gov upon the successful submission of an application. Validation of an electronic submission via Grants.gov can take up to two business days. Additionally you must remember to save a screen shot of the checklist showing all documents submitted in case any document fails to upload successfully.

Grants.gov Helpdesk:

For assistance with Grants.gov, please call the Contact Center at 1-800-518-4726 or email support@grants.gov. The Contact Center is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, except federal holidays.

E. Application Review Information

E.1 Proposal Review Criteria

The Panel will evaluate each application individually against the following criteria, listed below in order of importance, and not against competing applications. Please use the below criteria as a reference but do not structure your application according to the sub-sections.

Quality of Project Idea

Applications should be responsive to the program framework and policy objectives identified in the solicitation, appropriate in the country/regional context, and should exhibit originality, substance, precision, and relevance to DRL’s mission of promoting human rights and democracy. Projects should have the potential to have an immediate impact leading to long-term sustainable reforms, DRL prefers new approaches that do not duplicate efforts by other entities. This does not exclude from consideration projects that improve upon or expand existing successful projects in a new and complementary way. In countries where similar activities are already taking place, an explanation should be provided as to how new activities will not duplicate or merely add to existing activities and how these efforts will be coordinated. Proposals that promote creative approaches to recognized ongoing challenges are highly encouraged. DRL strives to ensure the rights and uphold the dignity of the most vulnerable or at-risk populations. DRL prioritizes project proposals with inclusive approaches for advancing these rights.

Project Planning/Ability to Achieve Objectives

A strong application will include a clear articulation of how the proposed project activities contribute to the overall project objectives, and each activity will be clearly developed and detailed. A comprehensive monthly work plan should demonstrate substantive undertakings and the logistical capacity of the organization. Objectives should be ambitious, yet measurable, results-focused and achievable in a reasonable time frame. A complete application must include a logic model to demonstrate how the project activities will have an impact on its proposed objectives. The logic model should match the objectives, outcomes, key activities and outputs described in the narrative. Applications should address how the project will engage relevant stakeholders and should identify local partners as appropriate.

If local partners have been identified, DRL strongly encourages applicants to submit letters of support from proposed in-country partners. Additionally, applicants should describe the division of labor among the direct applicant and any local partners. If applicable, applications should identify target areas for activities, target participant groups or selection criteria for participants, and the specific roles of sub-awardees, among other pertinent details.

DRL recognizes that all programs have some level of risk due to internal/external variables that have the potential to adversely affect a program. Risk management should address how the program design incorporates the identification, assessment, and management of key risk factors. DRL will review the risk analysis based on the organization’s ability to identify risks that could have an impact on the overall program as well as how the organization will manage these risks.

Institution’s Record and Capacity

DRL will consider the past performance of prior recipients and the demonstrated potential of new applicants. Applications should demonstrate an institutional record of successful democracy and human rights programs, including responsible fiscal management and full compliance with all reporting requirements for past grants. Proposed personnel and institutional resources should be adequate and appropriate to achieve the project's objectives. Projects should have potential for continued funding beyond DRL resources.

Inclusive Programming

DRL strives to ensure its projects advance the rights and uphold the dignity of the most at risk and vulnerable populations, including women, youth, people with disabilities, members of racial and ethnic or religious minority groups, and LGBTI persons. To the extent possible, applicants should identify and address considerations to support these populations in all proposed project activities and objectives, and should provide specific means, measures, and corresponding targets to include them as appropriate. Applicants must provide strong justifications if unable to incorporate the most at risk and vulnerable populations within proposed project activities and objectives. Applications that do not include this will not be considered highly competitive in this category.

Cost Effectiveness

DRL strongly encourages applicants to clearly demonstrate project cost-effectiveness in their application, including examples of leveraging institutional and other resources. However, cost-sharing or other examples of leveraging other resources are not required. Inclusion of cost-sharing in the budget does not result in additional points awarded during the review process. Budgets should have low and/or reasonable overhead and administration costs, and applicants should provide clear explanations and justifications for these costs in relation to the work involved. All budget items should be clearly explained and justified to demonstrate necessity, appropriateness, and connection to the project objectives.

Please note: If cost-share is included in the budget, the recipient must maintain written records to support all allowable costs that are claimed as its contribution to cost-share, as well as costs to be paid by the Federal government. Such records are subject to audit. In the event the recipient does not meet the minimum amount of cost-sharing as stipulated in the recipient’s budget, DRL’s contribution may be reduced in proportion to the recipient’s contribution.

Multiplier Effect/Sustainability

Applications should clearly delineate how elements of the project will have a multiplier effect and be sustainable beyond the life of the grant. A good multiplier effect will have an impact beyond the direct beneficiaries of the grant (e.g. participants trained under a grant go on to train other people; workshop participants use skills from a workshop to enhance a national level election that affects the entire populace). A strong sustainability plan may include demonstrating continuing impact beyond the life of a project or garnering other donor support after DRL funding ceases.

Project Monitoring and Evaluation

Complete applications will include a detailed M&E Narrative and M&E Plan, which detail how the project’s progress will be monitored and evaluated. Incorporating well-designed monitoring and evaluation processes into a project is an efficient method for documenting the change (intended and unintended) that a project seeks. Applications should demonstrate the capacity to provide objectives with measurable outputs and outcomes.

The quality of the M&E sections will be judged on the narrative explaining how both monitoring and evaluation will be carried out, and who will be responsible for those related activities. Explain how an external evaluation will be incorporated into the project implementation plan or how the project will be systematically assessed in the absence of one. Please see the section on Monitoring and Evaluation Narrative above for more information on what is required in the narrative.

The output and outcome-based performance indicators should not only be separated by project objectives but also should match the objectives, outcomes, and outputs detailed in the logic model and proposal narrative. Performance indicators should be clearly defined (i.e., explained how the indicators will be measured and reported) either within the table or with a separate Performance Indicator Reference Sheet (PIRS). For each performance indicator, the table should also include baselines and quarterly and cumulative targets, data collection tools, data sources, types of data disaggregation, and frequency of monitoring and evaluation. There should also be metrics to capture how project activities target the most at-risk and vulnerable populations or addresses their concerns, where applicable. Please see the section on Monitoring and Evaluation Plan above for more information on what is required in the plan.

E.2 Review and Selection Process

DRL strives to ensure that each application receives a balanced evaluation by a DRL Review Panel. The Department’s Office of Acquisitions Management (AQM) will determine technical eligibility for all applications. All technically eligible applications for a given solicitation are reviewed against the same seven criteria, which include quality of project idea, project planning/ability to achieve objectives, institutional record and capacity, inclusive programming, cost effectiveness, multiplier effect/sustainability, and project monitoring and evaluation.

Additionally, the Panel will evaluate how the application addresses the solicitation request, U.S. foreign policy goals, and the priority needs of DRL overall. DRL may also take into consideration the balance of the current portfolio of active projects, including geographic or thematic diversity, if needed.

In most cases, the DRL Review Panel includes representatives from DRL, the appropriate Department of State regional bureau (to include feedback from U.S. embassies), and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) (to include feedback from USAID missions). In some cases, additional panelists may participate, including from other Department of State bureaus or offices, U.S. government departments, agencies, or boards, representatives from partner governments, or representatives from entities that are in a public-private partnership with DRL. At the end of the panel’s discussion about an application, the Panel votes on recommending the application for approval by the DRL Assistant Secretary. If more applications are ultimately recommended for approval than DRL can fund, the Panel will rank the recommended applications in priority order for consideration by the DRL Assistant Secretary. The Grants Officer Representative (GOR) for the eventual award does not vote on the panel. All Panelists must sign non-disclosure agreements and conflicts of interest agreements.

DRL Review Panels may provide conditions and recommendations on applications to enhance the proposed project, which must be addressed by the applicant before further consideration of the award. To ensure effective use of DRL funds, conditions or recommendations may include requests to increase, decrease, clarify, and/or justify costs and project activities.

F. Federal Award Administration Information

F.1 Federal Award Notices

DRL will provide a separate notification to applicants on the result of their applications. Successful applicants will receive a letter electronically via email requesting that the applicant respond to panel conditions and recommendations. This notification is not an authorization to begin activities and does not constitute formal approval or a funding commitment.

Final approval is contingent on the applicant successfully responding to the panel’s conditions and recommendations, being registered in required systems, including the U.S. government’s Payment Management System (PMS), unless an exemption is provided, and completing and providing any additional documentation requested by DRL or AQM. Final approval is also contingent on Congressional notification requirements being met and final review and approval by the Department’s warranted grants officer.

The notice of Federal award signed by the Department’s warranted grants officers is the sole authorizing document. If awarded, the notice of Federal award will be provided to the applicant’s designated Authorizing Official via GrantSolutions to be electronically counter-signed in the system.

F.2 Administrative and National Policy Requirements

The Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards set forth in 2 CFR Chapter 200 (Sub-Chapters A through F) shall apply to all non-Federal entities, except for assistance awards to Individuals and Foreign Public Entities. Sub-Chapters A through E shall apply to all foreign organizations, and Sub-Chapters A through D shall apply to all U.S. and foreign for-profit entities.

The applicant/recipient of the award and any sub-recipient under the award must comply with all applicable terms and conditions, in addition to the assurance and certifications made part of the Notice of Award. The Department’s Standard Terms and Conditions can be viewed at http://www.state.gov/j/drl/p/c72333.htm.

F.3 Reporting

Applicants should be aware that DRL awards will require that all reports (financial and progress) are uploaded to the grant file in GrantSolutions on a quarterly basis. The Federal Financial Report (FFR or SF-425) is the required form for the financial reports and must be submitted in PMS as well as downloaded and then uploaded to the grant file in GrantSolutions. The progress reports uploaded to the grant file in GrantSolutions must include page one (signed and completed) of the SF-PPR (Performance and Progress Report); a narrative attachment to the SF-PPR as described below; and the SF-PPR-B: Project Indicators (or other mutually agreed upon format approved by the grants officer) for the F Framework indicators.

Narrative progress reports should reflect the focus on measuring the project’s impact on the overarching objectives and should be compiled according to the objectives, outcomes, and outputs as outlined in the award’s Scope of Work (SOW) and in the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Statement. An assessment of the overall project’s impact, should be included in each progress report. Where relevant, progress reports should include the following sections:

Relevant contextual information (limited);
Explanation and evaluation of significant activities of the reporting period and how the activities reflect progress toward achieving objectives, including meeting benchmarks/targets as set in the M&E plan. In addition, attach the M&E plan, comparing the target and actual numbers for the indicators;
Any tangible impact or success stories from the project, when possible;
Copy of mid-term and/or final evaluation report(s) conducted by an external evaluator; if applicable;
Relevant supporting documentation or products related to the project activities (such as articles, meeting lists and agendas, participant surveys, photos, manuals, etc.) as separate attachments;
Description of how the Recipient is pursuing sustainability, including looking for sources of follow-on funding;
Any problems/challenges in implementing the project and a corrective action plan with an updated timeline of activities;
Reasons why established goals were not met;
Data for the required F Framework indicator(s) for the quarter as well as aggregate data by fiscal year using the SF-PPR-B: Project Indicators or other mutually agreed upon format approved by the Grants Officer. Evaluation indicators from the Foreign Assistance Framework can be found at http://www.state.gov/f/indicators/ ;
Proposed activities for the next quarter;
Additional pertinent information, including analysis and explanation of cost overruns or high unit costs, if applicable.

A final narrative and financial report must also be submitted within 90 days after the expiration of the award.

Please note: delays in reporting may result in delays of payment approvals and failure to provide required reports may jeopardize the recipient's’ ability to receive future U.S. government funds.

DRL reserves the right to request any additional programmatic and/or financial project information during the award period.

G. Contact Information

For technical submission questions related to this solicitation, please contact Alex Covington (CovingtonAP@state.gov).

For assistance with GrantSolutions.gov accounts and technical issues related to using the system, please contact Customer Support at help@grantsolutions.gov or call 1-866-577-0771 (toll charges for international callers) or 1-202-401-5282. Customer Support is available 8 AM – 6 PM EST, Monday – Friday, except federal holidays.

For assistance with Grants.gov accounts and technical issues related to using the system, please call the Contact Center at 1-800-518-4726 or email support@grants.gov. The Contact Center is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, except federal holidays.

For a list of federal holidays visit:

https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/snow-dismissal-procedures/federal-holidays/

With the exception of technical submission questions, during the solicitation period U.S. Department of State staff in Washington and overseas shall not discuss this competition with applicants until the entire proposal review process has been completed and rejection and approval letters have been transmitted.

H. Other Information

Applicants should be aware that DRL understands that some information contained in applications may be considered sensitive or proprietary and will make appropriate efforts to protect such information. However, applicants are advised that DRL cannot guarantee that such information will not be disclosed, including pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) or other similar statutes.

The information in this NOFO and DRL’s PSI for Applications, as updated in August 2016, is binding and may not be modified by any DRL representative. Explanatory information provided by DRL that contradicts this language will not be binding. Issuance of the NOFO and negotiation of applications does not constitute an award commitment on the part of the U.S. government. DRL reserves the right to reduce, revise, or increase proposal budgets in accordance with the needs of the project evaluation requirements.

This NOFO will appear on www.grants.gov, www.grantsolutions.gov, and DRL’s website http://www.state.gov/j/drl/p/c12302.htm.

Background Information on DRL and general DRL funding

DRL is the foreign policy lead within the U.S. government on promoting democracy and protecting human rights globally. DRL supports projects that uphold democratic principles, support and strengthen democratic institutions, promote human rights, prevent atrocities, combat and prevent violent extremism, and build civil society around the world. DRL typically focuses its work in countries with egregious human rights violations, where democracy and human rights advocates are under pressure, and where governments are undemocratic or in transition.

Additional background information on DRL and its efforts can be found on www.state.gov/j/drl and www.humanrights.gov
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Nombre de messages : 6033
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Sam 3 Sep à 3:30

https://nai.nasa.gov/seminars/featured-seminar-channels/conferences-and-workshops/2016/8/1/exoclimes-2016/SHERLOC: On the Trail of Potential Biosignatures on Mars
Presenter: Luther Beegle and Rohit Bhartia (JPL)
When: April 25, 2016 1PM PDT

The next rover to explore Mars has been proposed to launch in 2020. The primary goal of the mission is to better understand the geologic and climate history of Mars including the identification of potential signs of past life on Mars. Once identified, these samples will be collected and stored by the rover for return to the earth so they can be analyzed by state-of-the art instruments in terrestrial laboratories.

As part of the payload, NASA selected the Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC) investigation. SHERLOC consists of a Deep UV (DUV) native fluorescence and resonance Raman spectrometer that includes a built-to-print version of the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL). It is a robotic arm-mounted instrument that utilizes a DUV laser to generate characteristic Raman and fluorescence photons from a targeted spot. The DUV laser is co-boresighted to a context imager and integrated into an autofocusing/scanning optical system that allows us to correlate spectral signatures to surface textures, morphology and visible features. An internal scanning mirror enables the generation of maps that allow for the identification of spatially resolved organic and aqueous minerology structure.

SHERLOC’s science goals include the detection and classification organics and astrobiologically relevant minerals on the surface and near subsurface of Mars. It is capable of organic sensitivity of 10-5 to 10-6 w/w over the entire observation region of 7 mm x 7 mm. It is capable of organic sensitivity of 10-2 to 10-4 w/w spatially resolved at 100µm and can detect astrobiologically relevant aqueously formed mineral grains with sizes <100µm.


ExoClimes 2016
Presenter: Various Speakers (See description for full list)
When: August 1, 2016 8AM PDT

Planetary atmospheres from Earth to exoplanets, M-dwarfs as host stars, M-dwarf planet atmospheres, direct imaging, hot Jupiters, aerosols and clouds, early Earth, surface-atmosphere interactions, volatile delivery and loss.

Archived Presentations:
Monday, August 1st, 2016
Andy Ingersoll (Caltech) [view presentation]
Jonathan Fortney (UC Santa Cruz) [view presentation]
Ralph Lorenz (NASA GSFC) [view presentation]
Heather Knutson (Caltech) [view presentation]
Jayne Birkby (Harvard University) [view presentation]
Y. Katherina Feng (UC Santa Cruz) [view presentation]
Poster Flash Talks (Round 1) [view presentations]

Beth Biller (University of Edinburgh) [view presentation]
Sandy Leggett (Gemini University) [view presentation]
Andrew Skemer (UC Santa Cruz) [view presentation]
Benjamin Burningham (NASA Ames Research Center) [view presentation]
Michael Liu (University of Hawaii) [view presentation]
Yifan Zhou (University of Arizona) [view presentation]
Theodora Karalidi (University of Arizona) [view presentation]
Poster Flash Talks (Round 2) [view presentations]

Tuesday, August 2nd, 2016
Colin Goldblatt (University of Victoria) [view presentation]
Jacob Haqq-Misra (Blue Marble Space Institute of Science) [view presentation]
Robin Wordsworth (Harvard University) [view presentation]
William B. Moore (Hampton University) [view presentation]
Mark Jellinek (University of British Columbia) [view presentation]

Zach Berta-Thompson (University of Colorado) [view presentation]
Diana Dragomir (MIT) [view presentation]
Antigona Segura (VPL, University of Washington) [view presentation]
Evgenya Shkolnik (Arizona State University) [view presentation]
Courtney Dressing (Caltech University) [view presentation]
Matt Tilley (VPL, University of Washington) [view presentation]
Allison Youngblood (University of Colorado, Boulder) [view presentation]

Wednesday, August 3rd, 2016
Ruth Murray-Clay (UC Santa Cruz) [view presentation]
Patricio Cubillos (Space Research Institute) [view presentation]
Eric D. Lopez (University of Edinburgh) [view presentation]
Eric Gaidos (University of Hawaii, Manoa) [view presentation]
Emily Rauscher (University of Michigan) [view presentation]

Matteo Brogi (University of Colorado, Boulder) [view presentation]
Thaddeus D. Komacek (University of Arizona) [view presentation]
Nikole K. Lewis (Space Telescope Science Institute) [view presentation]
Jérémy Leconte (Bordeaux Lab) [view presentation]
Laura Kreidberg (Harvard University) [view presentation]
Ashlee N. Wilkins (University of Maryland) [view presentation]
Enric Palle (Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias) [view presentation]

Thursday, August 4th, 2016
Vivien Parmentier (University of Arizona) [view presentation]
Peter Gao (Caltech University) [view presentation]
Ian Dobbs-Dixon (NYU, Abu Dhabi) [view presentation]
Benjamin Charnay (University of Washington) [view presentation]
Marcelino Agundez (Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid) [view presentation]
Pascal Tremblin (CEA Saclay) [view presentation]
Eliza Kempton (Grinnell College) [view presentation]
Kevin Stevenson (University of Chicago) [view presentation]

Hannah Wakeford (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center) [view presentation]
Sarah Hörst (Johns Hopkins University) [view presentation]
Jeremy Bailey (UNSW Australia) [view presentation]
Brian Jackson (Boise State University) [view presentation]
Joanna Barstow (UCL, UK) [view presentation]

Archived Posters:
David S. Amundsen (Columbia University) [view poster]
Pierre Auclair-Desrotour (Observatoire de Paris) [view poster]
Jean-Loup Baudino (Observatoire de Paris) [view poster]
Jasmina Blecic (New York University) [view poster]
Emerson DeLarme (University of Central Florida) [view poster]
Hannah Diamond-Lowe (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics) [view poster]
Tom Evans (University of Exeter) [view poster]
Jonathan Fraine (Steward Observatory) [view poster]
Sébastien Fromang (Service d’Astrophysique, CEA-Saclay, France) [view poster]
Joe Harrington (University of Central Florida) [view poster]
Gabriella Hodosan (University of St Andrews) [view poster]
Alex R. Howe (Princeton University) [view poster]
Catherine M. Huitson (University of Colorado) [view poster]
Alexandria Johnson (MIT) [view poster]
Manoj Joshi (University of East Anglia) [view poster]
Lucyna Kedziora-Chudczer (University of New South Wales) [view poster]
Andrew Lincowski (University of Washington) [view poster]
Roxana Lupu (BAERI/NASA Ames Research Center) [view poster]
L.C. Mayorga (New Mexico State University) [view poster]
Sarah McKenzie-Picot (McMaster University) [view poster]
J.M. Mendonca (University of Bern) [view poster]
Sarah Peacock (University of Arizona) [view poster]
Ramses Ramirez (Carl Sagan Institute) [view poster]
A. R. Ridden-Harper (Leiden Observatory) [view poster]
Mike Roman (University of Michigan) [view poster]
Everett Schlawin (Steward Observatory) [view poster]
Joel C. Schwartz (Northwestern University) [view poster]
Aomawa L. Shields (UC Irvine/UCLA) [view poster]
Rehan Siddiqui (York University) [view poster]
J. J. Spake (University of Exeter) [view poster]
Ian Wong (Caltech University) [view poster]

Invited Speakers:
Juno First Results – Andy Ingersoll (Caltech)
Directly Imaged Exoplanets – Beth Biller (University of Edinburgh)
Nitrogen, water, and habitability – Colin Goldblatt (University of Victoria)
Tectonics and volatile cycling – Mark Jellinek (University of British Columbia)
Planetary Atmospheres Under M-Dwarf Irradiation – Antigona Segura (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
Atmospheric Mass Loss – Ruth Murray-Clay (UC Santa Barbara)
Dynamics on Slow vs. Fast Rotators – Emily Rauscher (University of Michigan)
Climate on Eccentric Planets – Nikole Lewis (Space Telescope Science Institute)
Clouds, Microphysics, and Dynamics – Csaba Palotai (Florida Tech)
Disequilibrium Chemistry – Marcelino Agundez (Université de Bordeaux)
Hazes: Modeling vs. Reality – Sarah Horst (Johns Hopkins University)

ExoClimes 2016 Organisers:
Nick Cowan (McGill University, co-chair)
David Sing (University of Exeter, co-chair)
Jim Davenport (Western Washington University)
Ian Dobbs-Dixon (NYU Abu Dhabi)
Joe Harrington (University of Central Florida)
Frederic Pont (University of Exeter)
Joel Schwartz (Northwestern University)
Paul A. Wilson (Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, webmaster)

ExoClimes 2016 Scientific Committee:
Daniel Apai (University of Arizona)
Beth Biller (University of Edinburgh)
Jonathan Fortney (UC Santa Cruz)
Colin Goldblatt (University of Victoria)
Joe Harrington (University of Central Florida, chair)
Suzanne Hawley (University of Washington)
Lisa Kaltenegger (Cornell)
Heather Knutson (Caltech)
Adrian Lenardic (Rice University)
Victoria Meadows (University of Washington)
Julianne Moses (Space Science Institute)
Ruth Murray-Clay (UC Santa Barbara)
Ray Pierrehumbert (Oxford)
Adam Showman (University of Arizona)

ExoClimes Steering Committee:
Frederic Pont (University of Exeter)
Nick Cowan (McGill University)
Joe Harrington (University of Central Florida)
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Nombre de messages : 6033
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Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Mer 7 Sep à 8:18



Title:
COLLOQUE INTERNATIONAL SUR L'OBSERVATION A LONG TERME DES STRUCTURES EN BETON - BUDAPEST - HONGRIE - 17-20 SEPTEMBRE 1984 - RAPPORTS PRELIMINAIRES - THEME I II. OBSERVATION A LONG TERME DES PONTS

Accession Number:
01272738

Record Type:
Component

Availability:
Find a library where document is available

Order URL: http://worldcat.org/isbn/9637653503

Abstract:
CE THEME COMPREND LES COMMUNICATIONS SUIVANTES : LONG-TERM OBSERVATION OF BRIDGES (ZAKIC,BD) ; INTERPRETATION DU COMPORTEMENT A LONG TERME DES OUVRAGES D'ART EN BETON PRECONTRAINT,ROLE DES MIGRATIONS D'EAU (ACKER,P;DIRUY,M;LAU,MY) ; DESCRIPTION DES TECHNIQUES DE CONTROLE UTILISEES ET APPLICATIONS PARTICULIERES AU MINISTERE DES TRAVAUX PUBLICS DE BELGIQUE (DEMARS,P;BESEM,PH) ; EXPERIENCE WITH LONGTERM MEASUREMENTS ON AUSTRIAN PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES (GEYMAYER,H) ; CREEP EFFECTS IN PRESTRESSED BRIDGES USING ORDINARY STEEL (HENDRICK,T;CLOTTEY,C;MURRAY,TM) ; LONG - TERM OBSERVATION OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES (JAVOR,T) ; STATIC AND DYNAMIC TESTS, THEIR QUALIFICATION FOR BRIDGE INSPECTIONS AND LONG-TERM OBSERVATIONS OF BRIDGE STRUCTURES (KERNBICHLER,K,FLESCH,R) ; BEHAVIOUR OF CONCRETE BRIDGES REINFORCED BY DENSE WIRE NETWORKS (KOCKA,V) ; LA DUREE DE SERVICE DES PONTS-RAILS EN BETON ET BETON ARME (NEMESKERI-KISS,G) ; INVESTIGATIONS ON THE CREEP OF CONCRETE IN WHICH HARDENNING WAS INTERRUPTED BY FROST (RYZYNSKI,A) ; LONG-TERM INVESTIGATIONS ON COUPLING FORCES IN THE GERBER HINGES OF A PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGE (SCHLEICHER,C) ; OBSERVATION OF TIME-DEPENDENT EFFECTS ON LARGE SCALE REINFORCED CONCRETE BOX GIRDER BRIDGE MODELS (SEIBLE,F) ; CALCULATION OF RHEOLOGICAL LOSSES OF PRESTRESSING FORCE IN BRIDGE GIRDERS WITH RESPECT TO ERECTION STAGES (SKARZEWSKI,JM;WOLOWICKI,W) ; STUDY ON REINFORCED CONCRETE RAILWAY BRIDGES IN THE SOUTH OF BRAZIL (VIEGAS,MR;RIPPER,T) ; FIELD TEST AND ANALYSIS OF RESULTS ON THE R.C.FRAMED-ARCH BRIDGES (TSENG,WEI;KUO-HUNG,TSAI) ; VIBRATION TEST IN LONG TERM OBSERVATION OF CONCRETE BRIDGE STRUCTURES (ZAKIC,BD) ; LONG-TERM OBSERVATION OF ARCH DISPLACEMENT ON THE KRK-MAINLAND BRIDGE AND ARCH ADJUSTMENT (ZAMOLO,M). (VOIR FICHE GENERALE 117423 ET SUITE DE CE THEME FICHE DIRR 117433).

Language:
French, English

Corporate Authors:
M.HEINZ INSTITUTE FOR QUALITY CONTROL OF BUILDING

BUDAPEST HONGRIE

Authors:
ZAKIC, B D
ACKER, P
DIRUY, M
LAU, M Y
DEMARS, P
BESEM, P H
Geymayer, H
HENDRICK, T
CLOTERY, C
MURRAY, T M
JAVOR, T
KERNBICHLER, K
FLESCH, R
KOCKA, V
NEMESKERI-KISS, G
RYZYNSKI, A
SCHLEICHER, C
SEIBLE, F
SKARZEWSKI, J M
WOLOWICKI, W
VIEGAS, M R
RIPPER, T
WEI, TSENG
HUNG, TSAI KUO
ZAMOLO, M

Pagination:
1-164

Publication Date:

ISBN:
963 7653 50 3

TRT Terms:
Arch bridges; Behavior; Box girders; Bridges; Concrete; Conferences; Couplers; Creep; Diffusion (Optics); Dynamics; Frost; Hinges; Life cycle analysis; Loss and damage; Measurement; Methodology; Prestressed concrete; Prestressing; Reinforced concrete; Statics; Surveillance; Tests; Time duration; Water

Uncontrolled Terms:
Long term

ITRD Terms:
3462: Articulation (mec); 4794: Beton arme; 4755: Beton hydraulique; 4796: Beton precontraint; 9001: Comportement; 8525: Congres; 9101: Controle; 3876: Couplage; 6769: Diffusion; 5950: Duree de vie; 5473: Dynamique; 4355: Eau; 6255: Essai; 4732: Fluage; 2585: Gel (clim); 9110: Long terme; 6136: Mesure; 9102: Methode; 9040: Perte; 3455: Pont; 3427: Pont en arc; 3474: Poutre caisson; 4777: Precontrainte; 5433: Statique

Subject Areas:
Bridges and other structures; I24: Design of Bridges and Retaining Walls

Source Agency:
Institut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux (IFSTTAR)

14-20 bd Newton, Cité Descartes, Champs su Marne
77447 Marne la Vallée Cedex 2 France

Source Data:
ITRD F117429

Files:
ITRD

Created Date:
Nov 20 2010 4:16PM
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Nombre de messages : 6033
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Ven 23 Sep à 9:42

23 Σεπτεμβρίου 2016

Όπως κάθε χρόνο έτσι και φέτος σας περιμένουμε όλους στη Βραδιά του Ερευνητή, στις 30 Σεπτεμβρίου, για να ανακαλύψετε τι μπορεί να κάνει η επιστήμη και η έρευνα για ένα καλύτερο μέλλον.

H Βραδιά του Ερευνητή, η μεγαλύτερη γιορτή για την επιστήμη και την έρευνα που διοργανώνεται κάθε χρόνο σε περισσότερες από 300 πόλεις σε όλη την Ευρώπη, κλείνει φέτος τα 11 της χρόνια. Στην Ελλάδα διοργανώνονται εκδηλώσεις σε δέκα πόλεις από δύο επιστημονικές κοινοπραξίες:

Η κοινοπραξία RENA οργανώνει βραδιές στις πόλεις: Αθήνα (ΕΚΕΦΕ Δημόκριτος) – Κόρινθος – Πύλος – Ξάνθη – Ηράκλειο (Θαλασσόκοσμος)
Η κοινοπραξία IRENE οργανώνει βραδιές στις πόλεις: Αθήνα (ΕΜΠ) – Θεσσαλονίκη – Λάρισα – Πάτρα – Ηράκλειο (ΙΤΕ) – Ρέθυμνο (ΙΤΕ)

Μέσα από παρουσιάσεις, πειράματα, δρώμενα ειδικά σχεδιασμένα για μαθητές, εργαστήρια για εκπαιδευτικούς, διαγωνισμούς και ποικίλες πρωτότυπες εκδηλώσεις, η έρευνα ανοίγει τις πόρτες της στον χώρο της εκπαίδευσης αλλά και στο ευρύτερο κοινό, δίνοντας του την ευκαιρία μιας άμεσης προσέγγισης με τους ανθρώπους της επιστήμης.

Πριν την κεντρική εκδήλωση, έξι μικρότερες εκδηλώσεις θα προηγηθούν για την καλύτερη γνωριμία του κοινού με τους στόχους και τους επιστημονικούς φορείς της διοργάνωσης: το ΕΚΕΦΕ «Δημόκριτος», το Εθνικό Αστεροσκοπείο Αθηνών, το Ερευνητικό Κέντρο «Αθηνά», το Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Ερευνών, το Ινστιτούτο Παστέρ και το ΕΛΚΕΘΕ στην Ανάβυσσο!

Συγκεκριμένα στην Αθήνα στο ΕΚΕΦΕ Δημόκριτος (Αγία Παρασκευή), στην Αίθουσα Θέμις Παραδέλλης (Κτήριο 6) 1ος όροφος, από τις έξι το απόγευμα μέχρι τα μεσάνυχτα, το κοινό θα έχει την ευκαιρία να γνωρίσει από κοντά τους ερευνητές, να ενημερωθεί για το ερευνητικό έργο τους, να πάρει μία γεύση από την καθημερινότητά τους και να χαρεί τη μαγεία των επιστημών. Το παρών θα δώσει και φέτος ο Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος, ESA, με μια ποικιλία δράσεων και παρουσιάσεων. Πληροφορίες ΕΔΩ.

Στον καταπράσινο εξωτερικό χώρο του Δημόκριτου, ανάμεσα στα δέντρα, αλλά και σε κατάλληλα διαμορφωμένες αίθουσες, θα έχουν στηθεί πειραματικές επιδείξεις και διαδραστικά παιχνίδια από τα μεγαλύτερα ερευνητικά κέντρα και φορείς της χώρας για μικρούς και μεγάλους

Μέσα από παρουσιάσεις, πειράματα, συζητήσεις, προβολές, παιχνίδια, ειδικά σχεδιασμένα για το ευρύ κοινό, παιδιά και γονείς έρχονται σε επαφή με τον άγνωστο κόσμο του ερευνητή, τον τρόπο δουλειάς του και τους χώρους που κινείται.

Ποιος είναι ο Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος;

Η Δρ. Γεωργία Δοξάνη, ειδική σε θέματα τηλεπισκόπησης και ερευνήτρια στο Επίγειο Τμήμα Λειτουργίας των Αποστολών στον τομέα προγραμμάτων Παρατήρησης της Γης στο ESRIN, ESA, θα παρουσιάσει στο κοινό τον Οργανισμό και τις δραστηριότητες του.

Η ομιλία θα πραγματοποιηθεί στο κεντρικό αμφιθέατρο με τίτλο: «Ο Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος: Επιτεύγματα και Προοπτικές».
Μαθαίνοντας για την παρατήρηση της Γης

Ο δικός μας πλανήτης

Ο πλανήτης μας, η Γη, είναι μοναδικός στο ηλιακό μας σύστημα, καθώς σφύζει από ζωή και είναι γεμάτος θαυμάσια τοπία. Είναι άλλωστε και το δικό μας σπίτι. Παρατηρώντας τον με μια διαφορετική ματιά, μέσα από μια πληθώρα δορυφόρων μπορούμε να τον προστατεύσουμε, να βοηθήσουμε στη τη διατήρηση της μοναδικότητας του αλλά και να διευκολύνουμε πολλές καθημερινές μας δραστηριότητες. Μέσα από το παιχνίδι με τις εικόνες της Γης από το διάστημα, θα ανακαλύψετε παρέα με τους ερευνητές μας, τη σημασία παρατήρησης της Γης από τους διάφορους δορυφόρους.

Ταξίδι στον Κόκκινο Πλανήτη

Επίσης,στο φετινό μας ταξίδι θα πατήσουμε στον Άρη, ακολουθώντας την φιλόδοξη αποστολή ExoMars, η οποία θα εξερευνήσει την ύπαρξη ζωής στον κόκκινο πλανήτη.

Το κοινό μέσα στην Αίθουσα παρακολουθεί τις παρουσιάσεις της ESA

Μαγειρεύοντας έναν ... κομήτη

Έπειτα οι μικροί μας φίλοι θα γίνουν για λίγο διαστημικοί μάγειρες, μαγειρεύοντας με απλά υλικά έναν κομήτη, ενώ παράλληλα θα ακούσουν την συναρπαστική ιστορία της Rosetta και των κατορθωμάτων αυτής και του μικρού ρομπότ που προσεδαφίστηκε στον κομήτη 67P, Philae.

Μία βόλτα στον Διαστημικό Σταθμό

Θα πάμε, επίσης, μια βόλτα από το διαστημικό σταθμό, για να παρατηρήσουμε την έρευνα και την ζωή των αστροναυτών εκεί και θα γνωρίσουμε πώς δουλεύουν οι αστροναύτες σε συνθήκες έλλειψης βαρύτητας τόσο μακριά από το σπίτι μας, τη Γη.

Το πρόγραμμα της εκδήλωσης έχει ως ακολούθως:

17:30-18:00 "Ο Διεθνής Διαστημικός Σταθμός και η ζωή των αστροναυτών στο διάστημα" βίντεο (διάρκεια 30min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

18:15-18:45 "Η Γη από το διάστημα" Διαδραστικό παιχνίδι (διάρκεια 30min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

19:00-19:20 "ExoMars - Προς Αναζήτηση Ζωής στον Κόκκινο Πλανήτη" παρουσίαση (διάρκεια 20min)

19:30-19:50 "Μαγειρεύοντας έναν κομήτη" παρουσίαση/εργαστήριο (διάρκεια 20min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

20:00-20:20 "Μαγειρεύοντας έναν κομήτη" παρουσίαση/εργαστήριο (διάρκεια 20min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

20:30-20:50 "ExoMars - Προς Αναζήτηση Ζωής στον Κόκκινο Πλανήτη" παρουσίαση (διάρκεια 20min)

21:00-21:30 "Η Γη από το διάστημα" Διαδραστικό παιχνίδι (διάρκεια 30min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

21:45-22:15 "Ο Διεθνής Διαστημικός Σταθμός και η ζωή των αστροναυτών στο διάστημα" βίντεο (διάρκεια 30min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

22:30-23:00 "Ο Διεθνής Διαστημικός Σταθμός και η ζωή των αστροναυτών στο διάστημα" βίντεο (διάρκεια 30min)
(ΑΠΑΙΤΕΙΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΚΡΑΤΗΣΗ)

*μπορεί να γίνουν μικρές αλλαγές στο πρόγραμμα. Μπορείτε να ενημερώνεστε απευθείας από την ιστοσελίδα των διοργανωτών.

** Για τις προκρατήσεις και οποιαδήποτε άλλες πληροφορίες, μπορείτε να απευθυνθείτε στο τμήμα Οργάνωσης και Παραγωγικότητας του ΕΚΕΦΕ «ΔΗΜΟΚΡΙΤΟΣ» , e-mail : communications@central.demokritos.gr, τηλ. 210-650 3079, 210-650 3015, 210-650 3002.

Σας περιμένουμε όλους για μια υπέροχη Βραδιά του Ερευνητή, γεμάτη εκπληκτικές εικόνες, συναρπαστικές περιγραφές και πολλή διαστημική επιστήμη!

Ακολουθήστε μας στο Twitter @ESA_Hellas για όλες τις τελευταίες ενημερώσεις στο πρόγραμμα αλλά και εξελίξεις ζωντανά κατά τη διάρκεια της Βραδιάς. Μπορείτε κι εσείς να συμμετέχετε κάνοντας tweet στο hashtag #rengreece.

Σημείωση: Οι πολίτες με τις οικογένειες και τα παιδιά τους θα μπορούν να επισκέπονται μεμονωμένα το ΕΚΕΦΕ «ΔΗΜΟΚΡΙΤΟΣ» στις 30 Σεπτεμβρίου από τις 18.00 έως τα μεσάνυχτα. Απαραίτητη προϋπόθεση είναι να κάνουν εγγραφή μέσω της φόρμας ΕΔΩ, αν επιθυμούν ξενάγηση στα εργαστήρια.
Για τις υπόλοιπες δραστηριότητες που θα λάβουν χώρα, δεν χρειάζεται εγγραφή.

Σημαντικές πληροφορίες

Χώρος Διεξαγωγής: ΕΚΕΦΕ Δημόκριτος (Αγία Παρασκευή), Αίθουσα Θέμις Παραδέλλης (Κτήριο 6) 1ος όροφος

Ώρα: 18:00 - 00:00

Είσοδος: Ελεύθερη για όλους

Ενημέρωση μέσω της ιστοσελίδας Βραδιά του Ερευνητή και στο www.facebook.com/rengreece
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Minouska.KounakDenat



Nombre de messages : 158
Date d'inscription : 06/10/2016

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Jeu 20 Oct à 9:18

Au lieu d'obtenir la sédation par des méthodes agressives ou susceptibles de réaliser des déficits dans le système nerveux, un nouveau courant s'est développé en psychiatrie visant à obtenir l'effet non seulement sédatif mais régulateur par des substances chimiques appropriées.

Ce courant pharmacologique a présenté de nombreux précurseurs. C'est surtout Moreau de Tours qui au milieu du Dix neuvième siècle, après ses études sur le HASCHICH, et ensuite sur une série de substances, notamment le protoxyde d'Azote, les sédatifs divers, l'opium, l'Alcool, ect..., a développé l'idée de modifications psychologiques déterminées par les substances chimiques. Moreau de la Tours a été ainsi après la conception chimiques des PSYCHOSES et ainsi a mentionné en premier avec Mlle Pascal, les dissociations psychiques sur le soi et le paraitre. Mais il a encore utilisé diverses substances chimiques non seulement pour déterminer des "troubles psychologiques expérimentaux" mais pour encore plus pour explorer la psychologie profonde. Ainsi Moreau de Tours a été le précurseur de la narcoanalyse et le promoteur des thérapeutiques chimiques. Ainsi et mais, cette conception chimique pharmacologique a été longue à ce développer. Dans la Ligne de Moreau, Les beaux travaux de Mlle Pascal et de ses élèves sur les substances psychotropes et l'exploration pharmacologique de la psychologie des éléments précoces puis de Claude, Borel et Robin avec l'éthérisation prolongé par Claude et Baruk sur le somnifères...

Et puis dans cette clarté une part d'ombre sur le soi, la conscience de souffrance, la naissance et le développement de la catatonie expérimentale et de la psychiatrie expérimentale chez les animaux par De Jong et H.Baruk, devait apporter dés 1930 une démonstration objectives des causes toxiques des maladies mentales, et des "applications thérapeutiques" antitoxiques (psychoses colibacillaires de H.Baruk, psychoses hyper-folliculiniques, ect,) et a donc ouvert dans ses travaux du 19iéme siècle qui ressemble sur bien des aspects sur des études antiques Égyptiennes et Romaines élaborés sur l'analyse mortuaire et Momification donc moins soumise à la torture de patients vivants tels que des animaux et être humains, élaborés sur l'hygiène de vie du Vivant et qui par la suite d'une mort à définir aurait pu éviter la souffrance engendrer par ce docteur H.Baruk, Ces études primaires permettent l'entrer dans le champs de la Psychopharmacologie.

Comme en tout temps et malgré le fait que nous soyons aux vingt et unième siècles, la découvertes de nouvelles substances "psychotropes" a renouvelé la thérapeutique psychiatrique en particulier dans le domaine des substances dites "neuroleptiques"; sans une réelle surveillance accru de la part de secouristes devant l'investissement des grands laboratoires voir de personnes physiques de l'aspect morale de l’État et de la société.

Se rappeler des sujets comme la découverte de l'évidence des troubles sympathiques en pathologie, rôle souligné par Laignel-Lavastine, par Tinel et Santenoise... Le phénomène de Reilly et les antihistaminiques des synthèses.... Les travaux de Bovet dans les laboratoires de Fourneau à Paris et poursuivi en Italie à l'institut supérieur de la santé à Rome.

Ecrit de
TAY
La chouette effraie sur les études de
Henry Baruk publié par Presses Universitaires de France

----------------------------------------------

Romain Gary nous a particulièrement émus dans une lettre où il suppliait Christel de l'aimer, même un peu... Au contraire, Musset a prouvé qu'il était possible de rester fier et élégant malgré la douleur en faisant ses adieux à la célèbre George Sand. Apollinaire nous a émoustillé les sens dans une lettre à Lou alliant douleur et jouissance ; tandis que la domination exercée par Wanda sur Leopold von Sacher-Masoch nous captivait. Enfin, les mots de Jean Cocteau pour son amant Jean Marais nous ont apaisé l'âme et l'esprit...

Lettre de Romain Gary à Christel
“ Aime-moi, veux-tu ? Un tout petit peu.

Romain Gary (21 mai 1914 – 2 décembre 1980), aussi connu sous son nom de naissance Roman Kacew ou sous son nom d’emprunt Émile Ajar avec lequel il signe un grand nombre de ses oeuvres, est un auteur et diplomate français très influent du XXe siècle. En juillet 1937, il rencontre Christel Söderlund, journaliste suédoise avec qui il entretient un passion dévorante mais de courte durée. En effet, épouse et mère de famille, elle le quitte et retourne en Suède. Voici ses mots.

6 septembre 1937

Nice 6. IX. 37

Christel, ma lointaine, ton petit cheval est ravissant et il restera toujours sur mon bureau, à côté de ta photo.

Et « Gösta Berling » sera toujours mon livre de chevet. Et tes yeux sont ce qu’il y a de plus bleu sur terre et tes cheveux sont plus blonds que ceux de Gösta.

Je ne peux pas les oublier, petite Christel. Je ne peux rien oublier. Aime-moi, veux-tu ? Un tout petit peu. En tout cas, mens-moi. Dis-moi que tu m’aimes. Même si ce n’est pas vrai.

Il est une heure du matin. Je viens de me baigner. Je suis rentré dans l’eau là où… tu sais où. J’ai nagé loin, très loin. J’ai eu peur. Et je pensais à toi, tout le temps. Puis je suis allé boire une fine dans ce petit bistro… tu sais, là où tu as dit « oui ».

Maintenant je suis fatigué. J’ai le cafard. Ich will so, aber so in deinen Armen jetzt sein, weisst du ! Aber nein, du weisst nicht. Du kannst nicht wissen. Dieser Brief wird ein Liebebrief sein. Du willst das nicht, ich weiss… Du liebst mich nicht, ich weiss. Wie kannst du mich lieben ? Drei Tage… Du kennst doch mich überhaupt nicht !

En ce moment, tiens, j’ai envie de me saouler la gueule ! J’écrirai, cette nuit. Je vais continuer un roman policier que je dois livrer en décembre. J’ai déjà tué trois personnes. Avec l’argent – deux mille francs – j’irai à Stockholm. Si tu permets… Ou plutôt non, je n’irai pas à Stockholm, j’irai à Christel. Si Christel permet… J’habiterai 14 Blasieholmsborg.

Es-tu libre à Noël ? Est-ce que je peux venir le 23 décembre ? Ou plus tôt ? Ou plus tard ? Ou pas du tout ? Écris-moi. Je t’aime, petite-fille, tu sais ?

Romain Kacew

Il fait trop chaud. Je ne peux pas dormir. Je vais prendre un canot à la Grande Bleue et je vais passer la nuit en mer.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Le Rosaire récité en commun est bien plus terrible au démon

Le Rosaire récité en commun est bien plus terrible au démon, puisqu'on fait, par ce moyen, un corps d'armée pour l'attaquer. Il triomphe quelquefois fort facilement de la prière d'un particulier, mais, si elle est unie à celle des autres, il n'en peut venir à bout que difficilement.

Il est aisé de rompre une houssine toute seule ; mais si vous l'unissez à plusieurs autres et en faites un faisceau, on ne peut plus la rompre. Vis unita fit fortior. Les soldats s'assemblent en corps d'armée pour battre leurs ennemis ; les méchants s'assemblent souvent pour faire leurs débauches et leurs danses ; les démons même s'assemblent pour nous perdre.

Pourquoi donc les chrétiens ne s'assembleraient-ils pas pour avoir la compagnie de Jésus-Christ, pour apaiser la colère de Dieu, pour attirer sa grâce et sa miséricorde, et pour vaincre et terrasser plus puissamment les démons ?
Saint Louis Marie Grignion de Montfort
Dans Le secret admirable du T. S. Rosaire, 46e Rose
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yanis la chouette



Nombre de messages : 6033
Localisation : http://yanis.tignard.free.fr/
Date d'inscription : 09/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   Jeu 12 Jan à 8:26

Le référendum est une institution et en cela, il n'est jamais dit que le principe du Referendum est une forme d'émancipation envers les autorités publiques... Le Referendum est la manière la plus noble auquel une loi peut être établi: Pourtant, un jour, Louis Napoléon utilisa cette manière du suffrage universel direct qui marqua les esprits... Le Peuple ne peut pourtant nier le rôle évident que représente le referendum dans le principe civique et morale de "l'individue et de l'individu" dans le terme de Démocratie... Ce principe pourtant, peut être juste consultatif mais il permet ainsi à l'individu de se mettre en situation auquel se retrouve exposer les élu"e"s... Certains voient dans le referendum une forme de combat de coq ou de boxe, en tout cas, à l'image d'un vote électif, il est un aspect fondamentale d'une cohésion morale auquel la démocratie doit faire face: Il surpasse l'aspect de l'état et sans le remettre en cause, il est capable de pointer certaines choses de la vie quotidienne. Dans certains pays, il y a l'aspect de pétition qui peuvent être soumise au suffrage universel indirect... Le suffrage universel direct auquel appartient le Référendum est un aspect essentiel du caractère humain auquel un peuple veut s'adresse envers ses nouvelles générations... Le fait de débattre est un outil essentiel en terme de communication et pourtant dans certains cas, la question du Référendum relève de l'intérêt de l'état régalien, c'est en cela que certains hésitent sur son aspect même mais il montre l'aspect même de l'interlocuteur qui propose le sujet de la question. Le référendum est une loi d'utopie qui pourtant montre l'aspect réel de l'individu dans la société: En cela, j'accorde une importance réelle dans la constitution de Y'becca et des Républiques d'Israël et de la Palestine ainsi que dans toutes les Nations Morales et Physiques pour une reconnaissance morale et intellectuel dans le référendum: Son vote est lié malheureusement à des disputes entre des élu"e"s du Suffrage universel indirect... Toutefois, tout comme le vote direct du parlement et tout vote indirect du parlement, le référendum ne peut être organiser pour un Conflits d’intérêts et en cela, c'est au pouvoir judiciaire et à ses membres qu'il soit public et privé tout en maintenant et mettant l'aspect du service public militaire et civil dans la lutte contre les Conflits d’intérêts qui pourrait s'ingérer dans la teneur du débat et du vote: L'aspect du Général, de la société et l'individu doit être soulever en soulevant toutes les égalités et inégalités que peuvent engendrer le référendum... Certains peuvent s'amuser à créer de lois et des référendum pour des Conflits d’intérêts, pour créer des désordres et par gloire personnel... Cela n'est pas dans l'intérêt de l'harmonie sereine auquel nous devons être en ces situations profondes de changement de climat: "De jour en jour; le petit Nuage de Magellan et La Galaxie d'Andromède évolue depuis µ Êta Careme" s'écrie Nagaliew la mouette aux yeux verts..."
L'aspect du référendum est un droit de cité et de navire dans les prochains siècles à venir; et le juge suprême de la république de l'olivier s'y engage et dans des situations d'urgence, notre professionnalisme institué par la philosophie et la prudence du référendum nous permettra d'avoir l'anticipation sur le danger qu'il soit matérielle, morale et naturelle, ils peuvent être distinct ou englobé, Le référendum et ses principes il est un aspect fondamentale d'une cohésion morale auquel la démocratie, une armée ou un navire doit faire face... Le Laïc et l'Eternel devant la démocratie et la Nature. Conflits d’intérêts... Le clans des mouettes et la cinquième république devant l'adversité des peurs et des intérêts... Nous sommes prêt à faire face à l'avenir... La République de l'Olivier...

Ecrit de
TAY
La chouette effraie
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MessageSujet: Re: L'appel du Large et Y'becca...   

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